The topic of orphans is always an urgent problem in any society. Employees of orphanages are trying to raise full-fledged and happy citizens from children who do not have a family. But statistics say that only 10% of graduates of orphanages join the turbulent and unfamiliar flow of independent life among ordinary people.
Children's homes of the Moscow region
Proximity to the capital or location in the metropolis itself provides these institutions with undeniable advantages. Being in full view of the main administration of the country, oligarchs, entrepreneurs, religious concessions, a large number of ordinary citizens, orphanages of the Moscow region enjoy the charitable participation of sympathetic residents in material, emotional, and educational terms.
Children here are fed, well dressed, have enough toys, a normal learning base. For the holidays, pupils are expected to receive generous gifts and entertainment programs. Yes, and the state provides orphanages in the Moscow region in accordance with the capital's rates.
Despite all the advantages, these institutions haveshortcomings inherent in almost all such institutions. They can't:
- provide the necessary emotional connection with adults;
- protect from abuse and abuse from older or more active and aggressive children;
- create conditions for real interaction between people in society;
- to develop in children a sense of responsibility for their lives;
- guaranteed real housing for their pupils after graduation.
The Declaration of the Rights of the Child, adopted in 1989 by the UN General Assembly, says that minors have the same rights as adults. Children under 18 are eligible for:
- priority protection from moral and physical violence, all kinds of dangers;
- free meals;
- decent material support;
- upbringing in accordance with the norms of society and the requirements of the times;
- free primary education (at least);
- obtaining a speci alty;
- a family or a place in an institution that provides protection and normal living conditions.
All these rights are guaranteed by the Russian society, headed by the authorities. The short video raises a deep problem inherent in the Russian mentality.
Psychologists and most experienced shelter workers are sure that it is better for a child to have parents or guardians, albeit adoptive ones. Families have already adopted 24,043 children from orphanages in the Moscow Region.
Main types of child care facilities:
- For preschool children.
- For school children.
- For children from 3 to 18 years old.
Children come here from orphanages, from the street, from the population. The state has taken a course to stimulate such forms of interaction between adults and children as a foster family, a family orphanage, patronage.
Adoption and Guardianship Status
Most of all, families seek to adopt very young children directly from the baby's home. The Moscow region has a number of such establishments. Many do not want the baby to know that he is not native. But adoptive parents should be aware that most children come to the baby's home from hospitals 2-3 months after birth.
The most common diseases are neurological disorders, excessive excitability, cardiac pathologies, defects in the organs of vision, dislocations, hernias, cysts, pathologies and infections of the genitourinary system. Before the year, many of these diseases are cured. If necessary, children undergo appropriate operations.
Previously sick children were willingly adopted by foreigners. This has been banned since 2012.
The waiting list for adoption and custody exists only because of the length of the process itself. In fact, the number of adoption applications is negligible compared to the number of orphans.
Factors preventing adoption
The primary reasons why people are afraid to take in abandoned and orphaned children are:
Unknown or harmful heredity
However, scientists tend to believe thatpsychological aspects of personality are more influenced by upbringing, especially the personal example of parents.
Uncertainty about loving someone else's child
The fact that natural fathers, who are not physically connected with the fetus, love the child more and more over time, can serve as a refutation. At the same time, there are many fathers who may not remember their own children or mock them.
Formal difficulties and length of process
This phenomenon can be justified by a conscientious selection of worthy candidates. Despite this, there are guardians and adoptive parents who return children back.
Bad financial situation
The state does a good job of helping families who have taken responsibility for an orphan. You can get information about subsidies on various websites or in the guardianship authorities at your place of residence.
Where to look for the baby
There is an adoption bank whose website is easy to find if you wish. But a personal acquaintance with a child is incomparably better than choosing him from a folder with documents. Therefore, for the brave and doubters, as well as those who have not thought about this topic before, a small list of addresses of orphanages in the Moscow region is provided.
Children's Home 2
st. Vilisa Latsisa, 32
st. Polyarnaya, 54 А
S altovsky municipal
g. Zheleznodorozhny, st. Pionerskaya, 35
Odintsovsky district, p/o Zhavoronki, village. Zaitsevo
Children's Home 4
Izmailovskoye highway, 49 A
The leadership of educational institutions for orphans and kids deprived of parental care is always friendly to people who want to take a child into a family.