Logo babymagazinclub.com
How is eclampsia in cats treated at home?
How is eclampsia in cats treated at home?
Anonim

Milk fever, or eclampsia, in cats is a disease with acute neurological symptoms that can develop in pregnant or lactating animals. Most often, this disease affects cats in the early postpartum period. It is important to recognize the disease in time and start rational treatment in order to protect the pet from serious complications and save his life.

Causes and mechanism of disease development

During pregnancy, natural changes occur, in which calcium from the mother's body is spent on the formation of the skeleton of kittens in the womb. Parathyroid hormone is responsible for the absorption and entry of this element into the bones and muscles (it is produced by the parathyroid gland).

Sometimes, at the end of pregnancy or after childbirth, the mentioned gland cannot be rebuilt and provide the cat's increased calcium needs. As a result, only milk is saturated with it, but not the body of the animal. These processes explain the mechanism of pathology, and their study allows us to understand how eclampsia develops in cats after childbirth. Treatment of the disease involves rest and saturation of the body with calcium.

eclampsia in cats

The development of eclampsia is facilitated by irrationalnutrition and diseases of the digestive system, due to which the absorption of calcium is disturbed. Most often, this pathology is diagnosed in primiparous animals. Cats that have many kittens are prone to it, as they have even higher calcium requirements.

Symptoms

There are a number of characteristic signs that occur with a disease such as eclampsia in cats after childbirth. Symptoms in an animal on the first day after the appearance of offspring are usually the following:

  • restless behavior;
  • dry mucous membranes;
  • strange attitude towards their kittens (instead of caring, the cat may run away from them or constantly drag them from one secluded place to another);
  • muscle twitching;
  • shortness of breath;
  • constantly wide pupils and no reflex constriction even in bright light.
eclampsia in cats postpartum treatment

Later, these manifestations of eclampsia may be joined by convulsions, fever up to 40 ° C and above, fainting. At the first alarming symptoms, the cat should be shown to the veterinarian to establish an accurate diagnosis and develop a treatment regimen. It is important for the doctor to conduct a differential diagnosis with epilepsy and tetanus and assess the severity of the disease. This is to determine if the animal needs hospital treatment or can be cared for at home.

Animal First Aid

The cat needs emergency care before the vet arrives. This will increase the chances of recovery and a favorable outcome. Since eclampsia in cats can develop withinseveral hours, you need to act quickly. At home, you can help in this way:

  • temporarily isolate a sick animal from kittens;
  • provide complete peace for the cat;
  • in the room where the pet is, there should be subdued light and fresh air;
  • high body temperature can be brought down with damp, cool towels or an ice pack wrapped in a cloth;
  • in case of convulsions, the animal must be covered with pillows or blankets so that it does not hit or hurt during an attack.
signs of eclampsia in cats

Cubs need to be provided with artificial nutrition, since eclampsia of a lactating cat is a contraindication to natural feeding. The kittens must be kept in a separate room until their mother is fully recovered so that she does not accidentally harm them.

Calcium gluconate treatment

Calcium malabsorption and autointoxication of the body due to the accumulation of postpartum secretions in the uterus lead to such a disease as eclampsia in cats. Treatment at home should be etiotropic, that is, eliminating the cause. The main drug to compensate for the deficiency of the missing trace element is calcium gluconate. After consulting a veterinarian, the medicine can be administered intramuscularly on its own at home.

The dose of calcium gluconate should be determined by the doctor, but on average, to stop an attack of eclampsia, intramuscular injection of 1 ml of a 10% solution with an interval of 40 minutes is recommended untilcharacteristic symptoms.

eclampsia in cats postpartum treatment

To eliminate edema, the animal can additionally be prescribed "Prednisolone", and to eliminate muscle spasms - "Drotaverine" ("No-Shpa"). After the removal of acute symptoms, the cat is usually injected intramuscularly with calcium gluconate twice - in the morning and in the evening - 1 ml each for 7-10 days.

What else can you do to help at home?

Because eclampsia in cats is accompanied by the accumulation of toxic metabolites in the body, detoxification therapy should be provided to the animal. At home, this can be done by drinking plenty of water. This method of oral fluid replenishment and elimination of toxins is analogous to a dropper in a hospital.

The cat should be in a quiet place, protected from light and harsh sounds. The animal should not experience tension and stress, as these conditions can lead to deterioration and frequent convulsions. It is necessary to monitor the condition of the mammary glands, check them several times a day for soreness and the presence of seals. If necessary, milk can be slightly strained to prevent the development of a concomitant disease - mastitis.

Restoring cat he alth

Eclampsia exhausts the cat, and even after a complete cure, her body needs careful treatment and support. A pet needs a balanced diet, dairy products should be present daily (ideally, if they make up a third of the total daily food).

It would be advisable to take vitamin and mineral supplements with calcium, which can be selected by a veterinarian. After recovery, the animal should be treated kindly, not teased or awakened if it is sleeping. It is advisable to completely transfer kittens to artificial feeding so that the cat does not develop calcium deficiency again.

In what situations can the disease not be treated at home?

Eclampsia is a disease that, if left untreated, can lead to the death of an animal. A cat can die due to high body temperature (above 41 ° C) or due to brain damage and depression of the respiratory center.

There are signs of eclampsia in cats, which indicate a severe course of the disease and the need for inpatient treatment. If, after the start of therapy, the animal's condition does not improve for a couple of hours, this may indicate the need for an intravenous infusion of the drug.

lactating cat eclampsia

In cases of a prolonged increase in body temperature, which is not brought down by medication and with the help of home methods, the cat is also recommended to be hospitalized. This must be done to avoid the destruction of protein structures and the development of severe seizures. In the hospital, it is possible to administer drugs under ECG control, which allows you to recognize cardiac disorders in time and start dealing with them.

Prevention

The main role in preventing such a dangerous phenomenon as eclampsia in cats is played by a complete balanced diet during pregnancy.It should not be not only calcium deficiency, but also its overabundance. The intake of high doses of this element with food into the body during the bearing of offspring can lead to malfunctions of the parathyroid gland and become an indirect cause of the development of metabolic disorders in the future.

eclampsia in cats postpartum symptoms

If the animal was already diagnosed with eclampsia during the last birth, then the interval until the next pregnancy should be maximized. In this case, you should be especially careful about nutrition and be sure to undergo veterinary examinations on time.

Popular topic