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SARS during pregnancy (3rd trimester): treatment, recommendations
SARS during pregnancy (3rd trimester): treatment, recommendations
Anonim

Pregnancy is, of course, a happy period in the life of every woman. But he makes her body work with an increased load, which is why the waiting time for a child can sometimes be accompanied by some discomfort. An increased tendency to SARS is one of the unpleasant "side effects" of pregnancy. The situation is complicated by the fact that all potent drugs that quickly relieve symptoms cannot be taken, and can only be treated with safe, but not so fast-acting remedies.

Why are pregnant women prone to frequent SARS?

A woman's body noticeably weakens during pregnancy. This is a normal defensive reaction, which is necessary so that the fetus is not perceived as a foreign agent and there is no rejection. But due to the depressed state of the immune system, the expectant mother becomes more prone to respiratory diseases, especially during the cold season. Therefore, SARS during pregnancy (the 3rd trimester is also no exception) is quite common.often.

orvi during pregnancy 3rd trimester treatment

All people are in daily contact with viruses and bacteria, but this does not always end in infection and illness. The fact is that nature, in addition to the general human immunity, provided for local protection. For example, the air that enters through the nose is humidified and filtered from dust, as well as foreign viruses and bacteria. As a result, they settle on the mucosa and then are brought out with secretions. But during pregnancy, increased dryness of the nose is common, which is why local immunity does not work so actively.

Symptoms

ARVI during pregnancy (3rd trimester) in its manifestations is no different from the symptoms of this disease in other periods of a woman's life. It is characterized by the following features:

  • abrupt onset of illness;
  • headache;
  • weakness and feeling of muscle fatigue;
  • itchy and sore throat;
  • very runny clear nasal discharge;
  • watery eyes, their painful reaction to bright light;
  • increased body temperature.
SARS during pregnancy 3rd trimester

With ARVI, a strong fever is rare, usually the readings on the thermometer do not exceed 37.5 ° C, although due to pregnancy, a more severe course of the disease is sometimes possible. During the period of expectation of a child, many pathological processes do not proceed as easily as in the "ordinary" life of a woman. But with a competent approach, they respond well to treatment and pass quickly. One of these conditions is SARS during pregnancy (3trimester). The treatment of this ailment includes a number of activities that relieve symptoms and speed up recovery.

What is the peculiarity of treatment in the 3rd trimester?

Faced with an illness, many expectant mothers are wondering how to treat SARS during pregnancy. The 3rd trimester in this regard is the safest, since all the main systems and organs of the fetus have already been formed, therefore, the list of drugs approved for use is expanding. But still, you should not resort to powerful medications unless absolutely necessary, because the child is still developing inside, and it is better to protect him from any (even theoretical) harm. Preference should be given to folk methods of treatment and homeopathy.

It is very important to observe bed rest, even if the expectant mother does not have a temperature, or it is not high. During this period, walks on the street and housework should be completely excluded until the condition returns to normal. It is necessary to gargle frequently, rinse the nose and measure body temperature. If it reaches above 37.8 °C, it must be shot down.

Rinse the nose for a runny nose

Since it is impossible to use vasoconstrictor drugs for the treatment of acute respiratory viral infections during pregnancy (3rd trimester), you need to rinse and clean your nose very often. This will relieve the nasal cavity of swelling, mucus and normalize the woman's breathing. For this purpose, ready-made saline solutions sold in pharmacies, or home-made products, are excellent. The concentration of sodium chloride in the drug should be physiological (that is, familiar to the human body) and be approximately 0.09%.

orvi during pregnancy 3rd trimester consequences

During the procedure, the solution should not be drawn in very strongly, so that inflammation of the middle part of the ear does not develop. When blowing your nose, one nostril must be covered, otherwise pressure in the nasal cavity may increase. After the procedure is completed, the nasal mucosa can be lubricated with a small amount of homemade balm from olive and mint oil. This will help maintain the effect and improve breathing. The ratio of olive oil to mint oil is 20:1.

How to get rid of a sore throat?

Sore throat is one of the symptoms of SARS during pregnancy (3rd trimester). Treatment of this unpleasant phenomenon is better to start with rinsing. Benefits of this method:

  • during the procedure, the treatment solution comes into contact with the entire surface of the oral cavity and the back of the throat;
  • when rinsing, pathogenic microbes are mechanically removed;
  • the drug acts only in this area and practically does not enter the systemic circulation.

For rinsing, you can use an alcohol version of chlorophyllipt or a decoction of calendula. Pregnant women should not use solutions of sage and chamomile, since these drugs can increase the tone of the uterus if accidentally swallowed. Propolis tincture, diluted in boiled water, has a good softening effect, but it cannot be used in cases of an allergy in a future mother to honey and bee products.

When do you need to bring down the elevated body temperature?

The only safeAn antipyretic drug that can be used during pregnancy is paracetamol. The dosage and mode of administration should be prescribed by the attending physician. This is an important condition even for the treatment of seemingly non-serious SARS during pregnancy (3rd trimester). The recommendations of a specialist will effectively reduce the temperature without the risk of harming the child.

SARS during pregnancy 3rd trimester

You need to reduce it after the mark reaches 37, 8-38 ° C. Until then, it is best not to take an antipyretic so that the body can fight off the infection. With high numbers in the 3rd trimester, there is a high risk of developing disorders of the nervous system in the fetus. In addition, this can lead to too early labor, so you should not endure the intense heat of the body.

Inhalations at home

To facilitate nasal breathing at home, you can carry out steam inhalations with essential oils. The only contraindication is allergy or individual intolerance. Before the procedure, you need to rinse your nose well with saline so that the healing substances with steam penetrate deeply through the mucous membranes.

You can use the essential oils of these plants:

  • menthol (improves breathing and eliminates congestion);
  • lemon (increases vitality);
  • cloves (has antiseptic properties).
orvi during pregnancy 3rd trimester contraindications

In a wide container with hot, but not boiling water, you need to add a few drops of essential oil and bend your face over it at a distance of 15-20 cm fromwater surface. You should not cover yourself with a towel from above, so as not to create the effect of a steam sauna (this is useless during pregnancy). It is necessary to breathe over hot fragrant water for 3-5 minutes, after which it is better to lie down to rest or sleep.

SARS during pregnancy (3rd trimester): a description of the differences from a bacterial infection

ARVI is usually milder than a bacterial infection. Because of the virus, the body temperature rarely rises above 38 ° C, the throat hurts moderately (rather, itching), and the discharge from the nose is clear or white. During reproduction in the human body of bacterial pathogenic flora, there is often a strong fever, acute discomfort when swallowing, and a significant deterioration in the general condition. Discharge from the nasal passages turns greenish, indicating the presence of pus.

If the doctor has doubts about the nature of the disease, he can prescribe a detailed clinical blood test to the pregnant woman. The study will show if there are changes in the leukocyte formula, and how much the erythrocyte sedimentation rate has increased. If their values ​​are very different from normal, an antibiotic and additional medicines may be needed for treatment.

Are antibiotics always needed?

For uncomplicated viral infections, there is no point in using antibiotics. They do not speed up the healing process in any way, since they only kill bacteria. Moreover, against the background of their intake, a person may develop intestinal dysbacteriosis or allergies. This should be taken into account when choosing therapy for ARVI during pregnancy.(3rd trimester). Antibiotic treatment in this case may be justified if a severe bacterial infection has joined.

prevention of SARS during pregnancy 3rd trimester

In the last stages of gestation, these drugs are acceptable, since they cannot cause congenital pathologies in the child. Safe antibiotics can help the mother recover if it is not a banal ARVI during pregnancy (3rd trimester). Contraindications to the use of each of them are always indicated in the instructions. Before using the medicine (even after consulting a doctor), it is better to make sure that the product can be taken by expectant mothers.

SARS during pregnancy (3rd trimester): consequences and complications

A timely diagnosed and treated respiratory infection usually does not cause significant harm to either the expectant mother or the child. The situation is much more difficult with neglected cases, in which a woman is tormented by a strong cough and high body temperature. Due to the heat, premature labor can begin, so it is important to bring it down in time. In addition to medicines, a plentiful warm drink is suitable for relieving symptoms of intoxication, but only if the pregnant woman does not have edema.

Cough can cause severe discomfort to both the mother and the fetus, which in the 3rd trimester already becomes cramped in the uterus. Sharp movements of the chest during this lead to an increase in pressure and hypoxia, which is highly undesirable. In general, it is difficult for a woman to endure a protracted ARVI during pregnancy (3rd trimester). Treatment of this condition should be adequate andcontribute to the rapid recovery of the expectant mother, who will gain strength before the approaching birth.

Prevention

A woman who is expecting a baby needs to take care of her body and in every possible way avoid dangerous factors that can lead to various diseases. Prevention of SARS during pregnancy (3rd trimester) comes down to a he althy lifestyle, good nutrition and the rejection of bad habits, which, in principle, are contraindicated during this period.

SARS during pregnancy 3rd trimester recommendations

During the epidemic season, you need to limit the time you spend in crowded places. When visiting a gynecologist in a polyclinic, it is advisable to use a disposable protective mask so as not to pick up an infection while sitting in line or walking along the corridors.

A pregnant woman needs to sleep enough hours so that the body does not overwork. In autumn and winter, you should dress warmly and walk outside for a short time at very low temperatures. Fresh air is useful and important for a future mother, but being outside the house should be comfortable, because hypothermia in this position is highly undesirable.

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