2023 Author: Priscilla Miln | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-08-25 02:58
There are quite a few different breeds of dogs in the world, but in this article we will focus on two decorative ones - the Yorkshire terrier and the toy terrier. The peculiarity of these breeds is a fairly small physique, but still they have differences.
Character of dogs
The Yorkshire Terrier watchdog pictured below has excellent hearing. Even before the arrival of the guests can hear them. Its appearance resembles a small toy animal. These are fearless, courageous and inquisitive real dogs. Yorkshire Terriers also love to be the center of attention, feel their uniqueness and individuality.
Playful and sociable toy terrier becomes a devoted friend and the main source of positive in the family, gets along well with other friendly animals, always cheerful. This smart, unpretentious care and very neat toy terrier can live both in the city and beyond. He does not feel uncomfortable when he is in a confined space.
History of breeds
In 19th century England, toy terriers and Yorkshire terriers became decorative breeds. They were loved by many. And this happened after they began to cross different terriers. Doggies eventually acquired a modern appearance.
The dog has a Yorkshire Terrier, the description of the origin of the breed says that its ancestors were Paisley, Clydesdale and Black and Tan fellow. The features of these breeds are also characteristic of the studied ones. The last ancestor also applies to Toy Terriers.
The Yorkshire Terrier is considered an unsportsmanlike dog, while its counterpart is used as a hunting dog.
Both breeds - Yorkshire Terrier and Toy Terrier - are always with their mother at birth, who feeds colostrum first, and then milk, which is the basis of dog nutrition for 2 weeks.
Over time, puppies begin to open their eyes, learn to walk, although sometimes they can stumble. For a period of 8 weeks, terriers should be weaned from their mother and trained to solid food. This is the time when they can adjust to their new home.
If the growth of milk teeth in toy terriers lasts up to 2 months, then in Yorkshire terriers up to 7 months. Also during this period, their ears may straighten.
As for estrus, in both breeds it begins between 5 and 9 months. If no further breeding is planned, spaying is highly recommended to avoid diseases such as breast or ovarian cancer.
When the Yorkshire Terrier and Toy Terrierat the age of one year, they become adult dogs, so puppy food will need to be changed to adult dog food.
Most people think that when small dogs reach 8 years old, they are considered old, but this is not true. Many terriers begin to age closer to 9-10 years. Which means changes in the dog's diet, frequent visits to the vet, and a change in the pet's daily routine.
How to train breeds
The Yorkshire Terrier breed, the description and photo of which has already been presented, does not require any specific training. She loves to spend her time outdoors playing games with people, and at home she will have fun with her favorite toys or just run around the house.
When describing a Yorkshire Terrier dog, it should be said that it is very smart by nature. This is known in the tasks assigned to her, which she will not complete until she receives her delicacy or praise. Dogs like the Yorkshire Terrier require respect, lots of variety and fun exercise. She needs to be introduced to other animals at an early age so that the pet does not become aggressive in the future.
A toy terrier dog, on the contrary, needs to be taught several commands. In adolescence, this may be light training, which over time becomes harder and more intense, but not too much, because the owner may receive an aggressive response in his direction.
Care & Beauty
Toy terriers have a very shortwool. Because of it, they are not on the street for a long time, they often freeze. Like Yorkshire Terriers, keeping at home is more difficult to care for. Their coat is very long and requires maximum care. Bathe your dog no more than twice a week. Wool is combed only when wet and using special oil. A variety of moisturizing shampoos and conditioners should be used no more than once a week.
If preparing a pet for a show, then you need to monitor the long hair daily, if not, you can cut his hair yourself or use the services of a stylist for dogs.
It's much easier for toy terriers, it is enough to brush their coat with a medium-hard brush 3-4 times a week, bathe once a month, and in rainy weather to save themselves with waterproof overalls, since they are more vulnerable to water than Yorkshire terriers.
Dogs He alth
Yorkshire Terriers and Toy Terriers are very susceptible to various diseases. Their musculoskeletal system is weak. Yorkshire terriers can have cruciate ligament tears due to lax ligaments, toy terriers develop hind limb problems that cause them to become severely lame by the age of five or more.
In toy terriers, problems with the nervous system should also be distinguished, which can affect not only the character and behavior of the dog, but also the incorrect functioning of his brain due to impaired blood circulation. If you follow the right rational nutrition of bothterriers, it will be possible to avoid various problems with the gastrointestinal tract.
Symptoms that will help the owner understand that something is wrong with his pet:
- The dog does not play, does not meet when they come home. Lies motionless in one place for a long time.
- Refusing food.
- She has frequent diarrhea, constipation, drops of blood in her urine or stool, vomiting.
- Rhinitis, cough.
- Profuse salivation.
- Low or high temperature.
- The dog is trying to hide in a dark corner.
If you notice these symptoms in your dog, you should immediately contact your veterinarian.
Most common problems
It is worth paying attention to the teeth in both breeds. In Yorkshire Terriers, milk teeth fall out at the age of 5-7 months, if not all teeth have fallen out, then you need to see a doctor. Brushing your teeth begins after all milk teeth fall out. You need to use a special toothpaste for dogs. You can also buy a brush for babies at any pharmacy, which is then put on your finger and your pet's teeth are cleaned. You should also give your dog a chewable bone.
Toy terriers have a similar situation, at the age of 5-7 months they lose their milk teeth, but they may have problems with fangs, which do not always fall out on their own, so dental intervention is required. In no case should you delay the removal, otherwise the dog will have the wrong bite.
Not worth itaddress such issues to the first veterinary clinic that comes across, there is a chance to get to an inexperienced doctor and worsen the situation. It is better to contact various nurseries for information about doctors, where breeders will prompt competent specialists.
There is another problem with teeth in small breeds - plaque (calculus). This problem should also be quickly eliminated so that the dog is not left without teeth at the age of 2 years. Diseases that were not treated on time also contribute to tooth loss, so they began to destroy them. These are caries and periodontal disease. To prevent calculus, the dog should be treated to a slice of tomato once a week. You can buy a special paste for dogs and liquid to remove plaque. These products are sold in specialized pet stores.
Don't neglect your claws. These small dogs require regular nail trimming due to their infrequent walks. This is done so that the dog does not have deformed paws or incorrect walking. It is necessary to start cutting the claws from an early age, so that in the future the dog would not be so afraid to do this.
Yorkshire terriers, with a very friendly nature, are considered a long-lived breed due to the fact that most of their he alth problems are not fatal, but this cannot be said about the Toy. This breed has good inclinations, thanks to which you can avoid serious illnesses and not lose a pet at an early age. However, if the problem is not noticed in time, the outcome will be disastrous.
On average, if you look at the lives of both dogs, you can conclude that they have the same life expectancy - about 10-15 years.
What is the price
Toy Terriers are more expensive than Yorkshire Terriers. It depends on the level of popularity of these breeds.
There are three classes for selling puppies:
- The first of them is called "pet-class", which is considered the cheapest, since offspring without a pedigree are not allowed to breed. The price of this class for Yorkshire terriers, there is a photo of the breed is higher, from 5,000 to 15,000 rubles, for toys - from 15,000 to 20,000 rubles.
- The next class is called "breed class", more expensive because the animals have show potential. The price for toy terriers is from 20,000-40,000 rubles, for Yorkies - from 15,000 to 25,000 rubles.
- And the last class, whose name is "show class", is the most expensive because of the good pedigree (parents are champions at shows). Such puppies will grow up with great potential and will get high scores at shows. The price for toy terriers is from 40,000 to 85,000 rubles, for Yorkies - from 30,000 rubles. and higher. So, you choose.
This article provided a description and character of Yorkshire Terriers, as well as Toychiks. These breeds are very similar to each other. The only thing that differs greatly in them is appearance and care. And so these are very smart, kind and small dogs that will make friends with both parents and children.
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