Many new parents are terribly upset by the fact that the baby has restless sleep. In addition, mom and dad themselves cannot rest normally because of a sleepless child. In this article, we will analyze the causes of insomnia in young children.
Babies may grunt and cry if something disturbs them. Among the causes of restless sleep in an infant, it is worth highlighting:
- air in the stomach;
- crusts stuck in the spout;
- problems of a neurological nature.
Why do babies grunt and push?
Baby has restless sleep and grunts? Maybe he just wanted to go big. In children under one year old, it is considered normal to empty the intestines after each feeding. This is especially true in babies who are breastfed. Since the rectum of the little one has not yet fully formed, and the baby’s stool is very soft, it can make sounds during the act of defecation, and the child grunts at the same time.
Worry and see a doctor if the child is not sleeping and the following symptoms are observed:
- increased body temperature;
- streaks of blood and mucus in faeces;
Baby can also be uncomfortable if the room is too hot or cold. Next, we will tell you how to understand what is happening with the baby, and what pediatricians recommend in such cases.
Difficulties in the work of the gastrointestinal tract
If a child has recently eaten and does not fall asleep in any way, but grunts and strains, then most likely he swallowed air while eating. Follow him. Perhaps he is spitting up and making sounds similar to "grunting"?
To avoid this trouble, after eating, hold the little one upright for 20 minutes. Then all the excess air will come out. To put a child to bed, who has just eaten, should be on the barrel for safety reasons. Use a rolled-up diaper or towel as support.
If this seems unreliable and unaesthetic to you, then on sale you can find a special mattress. It is impossible to lay the child on his back, as there is a risk that he will burp in his sleep and choke on milk.
To eradicate the problem of swallowing air, purchase special bottles with a valve to release air. When breastfeeding, make sure that the baby takes the nipple correctly. This happens when the baby's chin rests on the mother's mammary gland.
Even more often, restless sleep in infants is due to colic. The child inthere are cramping pains in the abdomen. As a rule, they begin to torment infants at 2 weeks and stop at three months. Some may experience pain for up to a year.
How to determine that a child has restless sleep precisely because of colic? If the baby has problems with the tummy, then he cries heavily with anguish, tightens his legs. Also, the child has manifestations of flatulence. The baby has a swollen and tight tummy, in which gases have accumulated.
When a child has colic, he most often refuses to eat. Takes the breast only to calm down and uses it as a pacifier, but does not want to eat. As a rule, during this period the child either does not gain weight, or its growth stops. Even if the baby falls asleep, he whimpers in his sleep. From the gastrointestinal tract, such troubles appear as regurgitation, vomiting, green stools.
How to solve the problem?
First of all, the mother needs to calm down, as her excitement is completely transmitted to the child. This is a physiological condition that will go away on its own, even if you do absolutely nothing. The gastrointestinal tract of the child will mature, and the torment will stop. But if the baby suffers too much, then mom, of course, wants to help him.
Tips for artificers
If the baby is bottle-fed, then purchase special bottles that are equipped with valves to bleed excess air. Choose a special blend with probiotics and prebiotics, as well as lactulose. Such nutrition contributes to good digestion and normalization of the stool. let'schild "Espumizan" in drops and other pharmaceutical preparations. There are also lots of special herbal teas and dill water on sale.
Advice for breastfeeding babies
If you are breastfeeding, it is highly commendable. To prevent colic, a nursing mother should follow a diet at least in the most acute period (from 2 weeks to three months). It is strictly forbidden to use: soda, legumes, cabbage. You should still refuse products with a high content of chemistry: a variety of snacks (chips, crackers, s alted nuts).
Do not eat smoked meats, fried foods, canned food. A nursing mother can also use dill water herself and special herbal teas that prevent colic. After all, if a small child is fully breastfed, then pediatricians do not recommend supplementing the child for up to six months. The healing components of tea will get to the baby through breast milk.
Doctors' recommendation not to supplement babies only applies to on-demand feeding. This is when a child is constantly with his mother and can satisfy not only hunger, but also thirst with the help of mother's milk.
Problems with bowel movements: the child does not sleep, fidgets, groans
Does your little one have bowel problems? Naturally, they can cause restless sleep in a child. You can talk about constipation if the child cannot defecate for a long time, the stool has become very hard, the child is crying angrily. If you close your eyes to the problem, the consequences can be very deplorable. You shouldn't ignore her. Show the baby to the doctor andfollow his instructions.
Usually, doctors prescribe glycerin suppositories to soften feces. You can also use enemas. But don't do it too often, as a new problem called "lazy gut" may arise. This is a situation where the child cannot empty himself without special means. The intestines of any person quickly get used to such help and no longer want to work. Then constipation can become chronic, which is very bad, because it leads to general intoxication of the body and constant pain.
How to prevent and prevent digestive problems?
Feeding mom should follow the diet. If the baby is breastfed, then the mother should eat 5-6 times a day in small portions. If there is a fact of constipation, then you need to include fermented milk products, prunes in the diet. You should refuse nuts, sweets (especially condensed milk), fresh pastries, hard-boiled eggs, cabbage, cucumbers. You can take small portions of vegetable fiber.
The doctor will temporarily prescribe a special mixture containing lactulose for the artificial person. It improves the intestinal microflora in the intestines of the child. Do not forget to give the baby, who is bottle-fed, some water. It is very important! Lack of fluid is a common cause of constipation in babies.
Massage and gymnastics
Do you want to forget what restless sleep is in a baby? Give your child massage and exercise. Massage of the tummy consists in strokinghour hand. Drive should be in the area around the navel.
Don't forget to put the baby on your tummy. Just don't do it right after eating. For these purposes, it would be nice to purchase a special large ball - fitball. It is very comfortable for children, and it brings a certain element of the game. Also on the fitball you can do a lot of exercises that strengthen the abdominal muscles.
Every person periodically has such a nuisance in his nose. An adult or older child may simply blow their nose or flush their nasal passages with water. The kid can do absolutely nothing on his own.
You need to clean your baby's nose constantly, that is, every day. To do this, you can wind the flagella from cotton wool in advance. Let them be at your fingertips. Using cotton swabs for such purposes is convenient, but unsafe. The exception is special safety sticks for newborns. They have a large round head. But, unfortunately, they will not completely clear the nasal passages.
So, take a flagellum and dip it in a physical dissolver or boiled water. You can also use boiled vegetable oil or baby body oil for these purposes, only odorless. The flagellum must be inserted into the nasal passage and made a rotational movement. Use more if necessary until the last one is completely clean.
Why do babies startle in their sleep?
Restless sleep in a small child may be accompanied by twitches. They are the most intimidatingyoung mothers. The child fell asleep and then suddenly makes an arbitrary movement, for example, throws his arms up sharply. It can manifest at any time, even when the child is just falling into deep sleep.
Reasons for shivering
Children, just like adults, have dreams. And they also have REM sleep. At this time, the crumbs may change facial expression, move the eyelids. He can cry, move his legs, throw up his arms, roll over. The child's breathing may become erratic, he may snort from something. This is all normal. You need to show the child to the doctor if the child wakes up more than 10 times a night. At the same time, the baby looks frightened and cries angrily.
Another cause of flinching is the Moro reflex. This is a built-in survival mechanism that nature has endowed the baby with. The fact is that for a newborn, the fact that he left a cozy house, his mother's tummy is a big stress. There he felt the support provided by the walls of the uterus.
The Moro reflex is an attempt to find support and balance. The space around the crumbs is too vast. The baby may dream that he is falling. Therefore, he shudders and very sharply raises his arms to the sides, he may scream at this moment. For a mom, this is creepy. This phenomenon may be accompanied by restless sleep in infants at 1 month and up to three. As a rule, after this period, this phenomenon disappears. No wonder the first three months are called the "fourth trimester of pregnancy." The baby can also flinchfrom noise, pain, bright light.
Important! If you notice convulsive movements in a child during the entire period of sleep and at the same time the baby screams without waking up, this may be a sign of a he alth disorder. Be sure to show the baby to the doctor. The reason may be a metabolic disorder, lack of calcium, high intracranial pressure.
How does a 1 month old baby sleep?
If you are worried about restless sleep in a 1-month-old baby, you should know what regimen your baby should have at this age.
The baby is still very small and needs to rest most of the day. During daylight hours, the baby should sleep for 2 hours about 4-5 times a day. Night rest should be about 8 hours. Naturally, the baby will wake up for feeds on demand.
Restless sleep in a 2 month old baby
The baby is growing and its development is progressing by leaps and bounds. The baby is becoming more and more interested in observing the world around him and less and less sleepy. He realized that being awake can be much more interesting. Now it is especially important to monitor the quality of his sleep. Indeed, for an active pastime, you need a lot of strength.
How babies sleep at 2 months
Babies at two months of age still sleep most of the day. They sleep about 16 hours. During the day, as a rule, 5-6 hours, at night - about 10 hours. While awake, play with your child, massage, wear it around the house. Children at this age begin to look at the faces of adults. For them, this is the best toy. If the child is 2 months oldsleeps badly, then look at the child. You may notice one of the symptoms described above.
Sleep at three months
A baby at this age should sleep about 15-17 hours a day. If the child rests a couple of hours less, then this is also a variant of the norm. Do not take this figure as an axiom, each organism is unique in nature. Focus on the well-being of the child.
A baby can spend about 5 hours on daytime sleep at three months. A child usually plunges into the kingdom of Morpheus for 40-90 minutes 3-5 times per daylight hours.
Night rest should last 10-12 hours. Naturally, a breastfed baby wakes up to satisfy hunger or thirst as many times as his body requires. Artificers are fed every three to four hours. At this age, some babies begin to stand without food and drink for about 5-6 hours and let their mother get a good night's sleep.
Baby's restless sleep at 5 months
At this age, children sleep around 9-11 o'clock at night. They wake up several times to eat. Babies can get up quite often - every three hours. Formula-fed babies can sleep for about 6-8 hours. This is because artificial baby food takes longer to digest and the baby becomes hungry later. Are you worried about your baby's restless sleep because he wakes up every hour? This situation is not normal, because it does not allow both mother and child to fully relax.
Can't figure out why babysleeps restlessly, tossing and turning in his sleep? Perhaps he is disturbed by noise from the street, too bright a lantern light or lighting in the room. If you find such interference, then eliminate them.
Also, dry air in the room can interfere with a good night's rest. This is especially pronounced in winter, when the central heating is on or you have turned on the additional heater.
Heaters burn through the oxygen in the room, and the nasal mucosa dries up. The child cannot breathe normally through his nose and therefore tosses and turns in his sleep. He may also wake up and cry. If the child woke up, then give him a breast or some water. Drip the nose with baby drops with sea s alt. It is advisable to turn on a humidifier in the room. If the house does not have such a unit, then simply place a bowl of water near the heater.
Remove interference and tune in to he althy sleep
The inconvenience of a crumb at any age brings tight clothing, too warm a blanket. Also, children at 5 months are already quite emotional. Do not play too active games before going to bed. Don't plan on hosting guests in the evening, or do so when your child is in bed for the night.
On the contrary, give your baby a massage, bathe him in herbs that promote sound sleep. In the bath, you can pour a decoction of mint, lemon balm, lavender, chamomile, thyme. Naturally, mother's lullaby, a fairy tale told in a calm, quiet, monotonous voice, has a great effect on sleep. These tips don't just apply to babies at five months old.You can come up with your own rituals for sound sleep for a baby from birth. He will get used to it and fall asleep faster.
If your baby has restless sleep, it is important to first find out the causes of the problem, and only then look for ways to deal with it.