From time immemorial, cats live with people under the same roof and share with them not only the table, but also the bed. Who does not know how pleasant it is to fall asleep under the lulling purr of a fluffy and warm cat? We will tell you about the most popular cat breeds with photos and names.
When taking a cat home, you need to know what to expect from her
The history of the domestication of the wild cat has long been forgotten. Only legends remain. These animals are given mystical properties. Some researchers argue that if a cat settled in the house, then peace and peace came with him. Cats are the only animals allowed to enter temples of all religious denominations.
Cat lovers know that life with their pets is not as easy as it seems at first glance. Cats of all breeds are very fond of sharpening their claws on furniture, fluffy villi of shedding wool settle on clothes and furniture, giving them an untidy look.
British scientists conducted a study and found that cats are the most skillful manipulators. Affection, indifference or offended look fluffyhouseholds persistently make it clear to their owners what they want from them. Sometimes, indeed, it seems that the rules in the house are set by the cat, not by the person.
Cats know how to please regardless of age and appearance. They deftly adapt to the person they are interested in and force him to obey and fulfill the desired or, in case of failure, experience an acute sense of guilt.
Cats are the most beautiful, the cutest, but also the most wayward and selfish pets. Depending on the breed, they adapt better or worse to their owners, eat a variety of foods well or agree only to something special, are weak in he alth or are not afraid of either frost or heat. Nevertheless, it is not customary to choose a cat for reasons of the benefit of keeping or other characteristics, because all of them are united by two common features, this is an independent character and the ability to achieve one's own. The main criterion is the appearance, or, scientifically speaking, the exterior. We take a look at the most popular cat breeds in the world, and you choose the one you want to adapt to.
So, the top most popular breeds - next.
Currently the most popular and fashionable breed. It is no coincidence that she heads the top popular cat breeds. When breeding it, breeders sought to create an animal that combines a pleasant appearance, docile nature and simplicity of maintenance. They succeeded. Exot, or exotic cat, inherited from her parents of the Persian breed the cutest flattened muzzle and phlegmaticdisposition, and from the American Shorthair relatives - the mind, the length of the hairline and unpretentious care. The result was a cat with a very thick short, velvety (almost like a chinchilla's) hair, short, thick and strong paws, with a general diminutiveness, and a toy muzzle. It is no coincidence that when asked what is the most popular cat breed in Russia and the world, many answer - exotic. She is easily accustomed to order, affectionate and unforgiving.
Recently, many pet lovers like big cats. Popular breeds of large sizes are headed by the Maine Coon. These giants can reach a weight of 18 kg. They come from the northern states of America, where winters are characterized by severe frosts. They are not afraid of Maine Coon. Thick and long hair, almost like that of a raccoon, the color of the same colors, as well as a massive skeleton with a wide chest, can make you make a mistake and not recognize a domestic purr in this athlete of the cat world. The Maine Coon is an excellent hunter and will be able to give odds to another dog, but by nature he is not a predator at all. The Maine Coon remains playful until old age, like a small kitten, loves children very much, unlike the silent exotic, likes to talk and purrs very loudly.
Its coat has a non-uniform length, and grows even at the tips of the ears, causing a resemblance to lynx tassels. The tail of the Maine Coon is the longest of all breeds - reaching to the shoulders. A sign of the breed is a white shirt-front and socks.
The ragdoll breed is especially popular in Europe and North America. The people called this cat a rag doll. The fact is that she has a very weak muscle tone. If you take the ragdoll in your hands, you can feel how it literally spreads. This is the only cat that needs to be protected from jumping from a height, as this is fraught with injuries, and the ragdoll loves to play and run very much.
Animals of this breed are very attached to their owners, almost like a dog. If you don't pay attention to them, they will droop and yearn.
The ragdoll has long, strong legs, fur is fluffy and of different lengths. This large cat grows slowly and reaches its maximum size only by the age of four. Males are significantly larger than females and weigh up to 9 kg.
Speaking about the popular cat breeds in Russia, you can not get around the British. There are two breeds of cats with this name - the British Shorthair and the British Longhair. Longhair bred recently, a little over thirty years ago. Selection work continues on this breed. Genetic traits in such cats are poorly inherited. Great-grandchildren, even with a small admixture of another breed, no longer have the properties of a real long-haired British cat. But, having a pet, who will think about such a trifle? After all, it is difficult to find a more kind and sociable cat, besides, she has a delightful long hair that does not fall off at all. If you bring a long-haired Briton into the house, then do notdoubt it, he will make friends with all family members and will purr his song to everyone.
The British shorthair is an old English breed. These cats are very fond of housewives. Their plush coat hardly sheds, which means less frequent vacuuming of carpets and furniture. The temperament of the short-haired cat is not much different from that of its long-haired counterpart.
Scottish Fold in many countries tops the ratings describing the most popular cat breeds This is the only cat with hanging ears. They are larger than other cats. It looks very funny. You need to buy a Scottish Fold from good breeders, since this breed has mutations in the form of fused vertebral discs, which is not always noticeable when buying a small kitten. The Scottish Fold is a short-haired cat, but there is also a long-haired variety bred in the USA. Its name is Highland Fold.
Breeders have been working on improving the breed for a long time, and in the 80s of the last century they managed to get rid of the mutant gene. As a result, Scottish Straight kittens appeared, whose ears stick out, like all other breeds.
It is impossible to cross two lop-eared cats in any case - this is fraught with mutations in the offspring, therefore, they take a lop-eared and straight-eared as parents.
It is customary to take kittens from their mother at 2, 5-3 months. They easily get used to an independent life. If you take a kitten of this age, then what his ears will be, it is impossible to say - they are all born lop-eared, andonly by 7 months the ears become sticky or remain hanging.
The Abyssinian cat came to our country only about ten years ago, although it has been popular in the world for a very long time - this breed was bred in 1896. A distinctive feature of the breed is color. In the process of hair regrowth, melanin is oxidized sequentially. It turns out graduated coloring. Previously, the Abyssinian's coat was more like that of a rabbit and had the same grayish tint. There were even suggestions that among the ancestors of the Abyssinian there are both rabbits and cats.
Popular breeds of the Abyssinian cat in recent years have been greatly diversified by skillful breeders. Now individuals of various shades have appeared - sorrel (red-red), cinnamon (brown), fawn (beige) and others.
The Abyssinian litter is dominated by males - three cats per female, and the fertility of these cats beats records in comparison with all other breeds.
The Abyssinian is a very energetic and agile breed. In the house where this cat settled, there should be a lot of free space for games and running, as well as the ability to climb up and jump off. With the Abyssinian, you can go for a walk by wearing an appropriate collar. This nimble cat will not let her master get bored.
They are especially loved for their melodious voice - the loud and gentle "mur-mur" of the Abyssinian will charm anyone who hears it.
Sphinxes, or hairless cats, are ideal for allergy sufferers. You can not bathe them, but onlyrub. By nature, they are more like dogs. These are very smart cats that perfectly understand their owners and remember their commands, however, they are not always in a hurry to obey. The Sphynx is a long-lived breed. On average, they live 19 years. In addition, they are extremely loyal to their owners and enjoy playing with children.
In addition to the famous Canadian Sphynx, which is distinguished by numerous folds on the skin, there are other breeds. In our country, two were bred - the Don, one-colored and St. Petersburg (Peterbald), spotted.
Sphynxes can boast a greater appetite and less picky in food than other cats. Their lack of fur makes them vulnerable to drafts and temperature fluctuations.
Popular cat breeds with humorous photographs most often head the scenes in which sphinxes are shot from different angles.
The Oriental cat is a cross between the Siamese and Shorthair breeds. The result is an Oriental Longhair and an Oriental Shorthair. By nature, they are similar - they are equally friendly both with their owners and with strangers. This is very good if there are often guests in the house. The Oriental will not hide, like representatives of other breeds, but will gladly take a place in the most overlooked place and respond to the call of anyone who turns to him. As you understand, this property, by no means, does not mean the spinelessness of a cat - popular breeds are not always determined by their appearance. Very often, this abilityadapt to different conditions, because there are people who, even going on a long journey, take a pet with them.
The skin of the longhair must be carefully looked after, as it tends to become matted and tangled, but there are no such problems with the shorthair. She looks more like her progenitor, the Siamese, but does not have the characteristic tan marks. This is a very elegant and graceful cat of a beautiful fawn color.
It is very easy to recognize the Devon Rex by its short wavy coat. In general, the appearance of these cats is truly amazing - they have large ears and bright, expressive eyes that change expression depending on the mood. And their mood is rarely bad. These are the most socially adapted cats.
Popular breeds Devon Rex does not lead only because of the high cost. One drawback of the Devon Rex makes these cats rather rare inhabitants of our homes - they have an unusual blood composition. Like people, it comes in different groups. For offspring, it is important to make an analysis of both parents, otherwise the kittens will not be viable.
Devon Rex easily, even with pleasure, endure nail trimming, bathing and medical procedures. Males do not mark territory.
This is one of the most ancient breeds of cats. The Siamese are incredibly graceful. They have a small and flexible body with strong muscles. Everyone knows the quarrelsome, vicious and vindictive nature of Siamese cats. On thethey're actually not as bad as they say. Just Siamese cats love attention and affection. This is how they get what they want. Siamese are the greatest masters at building relationships with their owners and, until recently, the most popular cat breeds in Russia.
Their appearance captivates at first sight - a triangular muzzle with a small nose, blue, slightly slanting, almond-shaped eyes, a chocolate-colored mask and body limbs. Interestingly, this coat color is explained by the reaction to temperature changes, because depending on whether the cat is cold or hot, her fur will become either darker or lighter.
If you dream of a Siamese, but are afraid of the complex nature of the cat, and also prefer fluffy long-haired animals, then get a Balinese cat. She is colored in the same way as her short-haired relative, but is much softer and more docile in character.