2023 Author: Priscilla Miln | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-05-31 00:57
Between Europe and Asia lies the Republic of Bashkortostan, which has historically become the first national autonomy of Russia. This event happened on November 15, 1917. But solemn events are held annually in the republic on October 11. What holiday is celebrated on this day in Bashkiria?
Bashkiria got its name from the name of the main people inhabiting the republic. Maintaining friendliness and living in peace with other nationalities, the Bashkirs have always protected their isolation. Historical evidence has been preserved that back in the 8th century they were called an independent people.
Even during the Golden Horde, the Bashkirs won back the right to territorial autonomy, so strong was the popular resistance to foreign enslavement.
Republic joined Russia on a voluntary basis in the 16th century. "Shezhere", or "Bashkir genealogy", indicates that the accession was beneficial for both sides. Russian rich boyars had no right to take away these lands. When at 18century, this part of the treaty was violated, the Bashkirs raised a desperate uprising, then all the indigenous people defended the right to live on their land, every fourth died.
In 1990, October 11 became the most important day in the republic. What holiday is celebrated in Bashkiria on this day, all residents know. On October 11, the Republic of Bashkortostan was formed.
The territory of the republic is less than 1% of the area of Russia, but the population density is much higher than everywhere else - 28 people per square kilometer. Industry and economy in the republic are flourishing: the volume of production of gasoline, diesel fuel, oil, the number of cattle, honey and milk are in first place in Russia. The chemical industry is developed, a lot of wood is processed.
The life of the republic is arranged so reasonably that more than 82% of enterprises make a profit. Bashkortostan trades its products with more than 100 countries around the world.
Remaining open to the whole world, the republic celebrates its autonomy for 26 years on October 11th. Every local resident knows what holiday is celebrated on this day in Bashkiria.
Today, when religious conflicts are tearing the world apart, the Bashkirs show everyone how great it is to live in harmony with each other. Muslims, Christians, Catholics, Baptists, Protestants, Old Believers, Jews and parishioners of the Armenian Apostolic Church live and make friends on the territory of the republic.
Herethe rule was adopted: in order to establish a religious temple, it is necessary to hold a gathering of the population and obtain the consent of all residents. It is difficult to come up with a more effective measure than a general discussion of the problem. All the peoples inhabiting Bashkiria have learned not to step on their neighbors' corns when defending their rights. In Ufa alone there are more than 22 temples of various religions. Acts of vandalism are extremely rare here.
Perhaps, it is patience and wisdom that can explain the fact that the day of October 11 always passes joyfully. What holiday in Bashkiria can gather a huge number of people? Of course Republic Day.
What kind of holiday is October 11 in Bashkiria?
On this day, the Declaration proclaiming state sovereignty was adopted.
Every year, as part of the holiday, festivities are held on the central square of Ufa. Today this date has a bright tourist flavor: a fair exhibition is being held, Bashkir honey is being sold, which has become a brand for the republic. You can see and buy birch bark products, various vessels for honey, handicrafts made of stone and ceramics. Fans of folk crafts will love traditional fur and leather clothing, especially hemispherical women's hats that serve as a talisman. Here they will show and explain in which cases it is necessary to wear a scarf, and in which - a hat. It turns out that this is a whole science. The Malachai hat came to us from Bashkiria, the dress with frills also comes from here.
There is always a concert where artistic groups dance in folk costumes. Endsfireworks on 11 October. The holiday in Bashkiria has its own characteristics, new programs and developments appear.
Today, when domestic tourism is actively developing, Bashkiria has received a second wind. Social tourism has long existed in the republic. At the initiative of the government, labor veterans, pensioners and the disabled can have a rest inside Bashkiria at minimal cost.
The National Park "Bashkiria" is called the second Switzerland, it's so beautiful and well-groomed. The total number of nature reserves is 150, which is a huge number for a small republic.
The government plans to develop the "Golden Ring of Bashkiria" (tourist route), where you can visit all the main cultural and historical places.
Perhaps in the near future October 11 will become a holiday in Bashkiria, which together with the residents will be celebrated by tourists from all over Russia. Alpine skiing and sanatoriums, river cruises, car routes, New Year's bus tours - all this is developing and improving.