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York diseases: description of the most common diseases, treatment, prevention
York diseases: description of the most common diseases, treatment, prevention
Anonim

Yorkie are not he althy enough. They get sick often. Many of the ailments are due to their small size.

For example, this is the traumatism of representatives. An animal usually gets injured due to human negligence. It is because of this that Yorkies are not suitable for all children. Also, these dogs often suffer from allergies and colds.

Inflammation of the middle ear and ear mites

So, let's look at the diseases of York dogs. Let's start with ear problems. A very common ailment is inflammation of the middle ear. After walking in a draft, such a disease often occurs. How to be? How to avoid it? Dress your dog warmly for a walk. But do not keep it in greenhouse conditions. Therefore, teach your pet to walk in any weather. If the animal suddenly began to scratch its ears, then be sure to show it to the doctor. The doctor will be able to make the correct diagnosis and prescribe the necessary treatment.

Ear mites are another common ear disease in Yorkies. She appearsan unpleasant smell from the shells, severe itching. This disease is more difficult for such small dogs than large dogs.

urolithiasis in yorkies

Eye ailments that Yorkies are prone to

What diseases do Yorkies suffer from? Representatives of this breed have a predisposition to certain pathologies of the retina. Usually these are hereditary diseases. These ailments include:

  1. Dysplasia. That is, when the retina develops abnormally.
  2. Spontaneous detachment.
  3. Degeneration. That is, when cells simply die.

These Yorkie diseases are very serious. Such ailments can lead to partial or complete loss of vision in an animal. What to do in this situation? If the pet began to see worse in the dark, in the light his pupils narrow, then immediately see a doctor, as such symptoms indicate that the animal has some kind of eye disease.

Dry eye syndrome in dogs

Another problem with this breed is dry eyes. Due to a violation of the lacrimal system, in which there is an obstruction or narrowing of the lacrimal canals, there is a lack of fluid. The lacrimal gland becomes inflamed due to delayed outflow. The conjunctiva or cornea may be affected by insufficient moisture.

Cataract and glaucoma

Yorkie dog disease

If the spot on the eye is white, then it is a cataract. Green haze indicates glaucoma. By the way, her dogs get again because of the negligence of the owners. For example, due to the fact that the pet's eye gotshampoo or comb. To avoid such diseases of Yorkies, you need to carefully care for the muzzle, head of the dog. If you notice any problems with your eyes, then do not hesitate, immediately see a doctor.

Tooth diseases

perthes disease

Another feature of the breed is problem teeth. Even in puppyhood, there may already be some questions with them. Yorkies also lose milk teeth with a delay. This disease is called false polydentia. How does the disease manifest itself? Even when permanent teeth have already appeared, milk teeth often remain, as a result of which the teeth grow in two rows. This situation leads to:

  • violation of the integrity of the gums;
  • tartar development;
  • malocclusion.

Also, if there is a false polydentia, then you should not dream of straight teeth after an illness. This disease refers to the genetic diseases of the Yorkie. You can recognize the disease after eight months. There is only one method of treatment - surgery. This method is the removal of milk teeth. Surgical intervention, of course, is performed under anesthesia.

Even in young representatives of the breed, plaque appears, which later develops into tartar. This happens due to the increased content of mucin in saliva.

Also, experts note that Yorkies have an anatomical predisposition to caries. Although there is no 100% confirmation of this. But the fact that problems (gingivitis, periodontitis, etc.) arise with teeth is true. Due to periodontal disease at the age of two in a dogteeth may fall out. What to do? How to avoid dental problems? You need to give your pet special bones that are sold in pet stores. It is also necessary to add solid vegetables, such as, for example, carrots, to the diet. You can switch your pet to dry food. You can also periodically brush your teeth with toothpaste.

Common diseases of the musculoskeletal system

yorkie ear problems

This breed has a fragile skeleton. He is susceptible to several diseases. If there is a congenital displacement of abnormally formed joints, then both limbs and one can be affected. This violation is considered one of the most common today.

Another congenital disease of Yorkies is a luxating patella. This is a stretching or eversion of the joint, that is, a violation of its position. Often accompanied by rupture of ligaments. This disease can develop into osteoarthritis. Despite the fact that the disease is hereditary, it is still worth protecting your pet from jumping, as representatives of this breed have very weak ligaments.

Unfortunately, many Yorkies are diagnosed with congenital median dislocation of the prominent lobes of the joints. In addition, there are frequent displacements, the absence of protruding parts of the joints.

perthes disease in yorkies

Also in these dogs, separation of the femoral head is common. Lameness is the main symptom of this disease. Moreover, it is very strong that even a dog may not step on its paw. Another sign is that the animal has a sore paw at an acute angle tohe althy limb.

Perthes disease

Perthes disease is also sometimes diagnosed in Yorkies. It affects dogs of this breed up to a year. Clinical symptoms appear at three to five months. This ailment is hereditary. With this disease, the blood supply to the bone tissue is disrupted. As a result, it dies and dissolves. That is, the destruction of the femoral neck and head bone occurs without an inflammatory process.

Signs of illness: lameness, pain when the hip is abducted to the side, muscle atrophy. The caudate patient is first given an x-ray of the hip joints, after which surgical treatment is usually performed.

Fractures and problems with the vertebrae

Yorks have a tendency to fracture. They can get this injury from a jump or a slight fall.

Atlanto-axial instability is abnormal mobility between the first and second cervical vertebrae. Usually the disease occurs due to an underdeveloped 2nd vertebra. The disease can be diagnosed by taking an x-ray of the cervical region.

Tracheal collapse

Representatives of the breed, unfortunately, are also susceptible to this disease. This is a sharp spasm of the pharynx. The result is difficulty in breathing and suffocation. Yorkies are prone to this disease due to poorly developed cartilaginous half-rings of the pharynx. Therefore, you should protect your pet from damage, as he already has weak cartilage.

Diseases of internal organs

small dog diseases

The Yorkie has vulnerable organs such as the stomach, liver andpancreas.

A common congenital pathology in these dogs is hydrocephalus. This is an excess of CSF in the ventricles of the brain. As a result, the nerve tissue of the brain is compressed. The dog's head tilts to one side, vision is reduced. With such an ailment, the shape of the skull may even change. Signs appear suddenly at any age.

Portosystemic extrahepatic shunts are another congenital disorder. This is a vascular pathology that is formed during the intrauterine development of the fetus.

Acute pancreatitis

Acute pancreatitis also occurs in Yorkies. With such an ailment, pancreatic tissue is destroyed by the action of the enzymes of its own cells. Increased secretion of enzymes, excess weight, fatty foods on the dog's menu can lead to the onset of the disease.

Symptoms of the disease:

  • arched back;
  • refusing food;
  • severe abdominal pain;
  • flatulence;
  • diarrhea;
  • vomit.

To make an accurate diagnosis, ultrasound, blood and stool tests are done. The dog is prescribed therapy to reduce enzyme activity, a special diet, antibacterial, antiemetic, pain medication, etc.

Hypoglycemia

These dogs have a predisposition to hypoglycemia, i.e. low blood glucose levels. Manifestations of the disease are unsteady gait, weakness and fainting. The disease occurs due to a violation of the diet. The main signs of her:

  • frequent urination;
  • intense thirst.

Also sometimes there is vomiting, eczema.The animal loses its appetite, the elasticity of the skin decreases. To prevent the disease, you need proper nutrition.

Urolithiasis

ear problems in dogs

It is believed that this disease is feline. Indeed, it is most often found in cats. But, unfortunately, urolithiasis has recently been diagnosed in Yorkies. Other small breeds, such as pugs, dachshunds, French bulldogs, and others, are also predisposed to the disease. The main symptoms of the disease are the appearance of blood in the urine, frequent urination, difficulty urinating. If such signs appear, you should immediately go to the veterinarian so that he accurately determines the ailment and prescribes the necessary treatment.

For prevention, it is worth following a diet with an optimal content of proteins and useful minerals. This is necessary so that there is no overabundance of elements. It is also necessary to ensure that the pet always has clean, fresh water. Lack of fluid leads to this disease.

Conclusion

Now you know Yorkie diseases and their symptoms. We tried in the article to consider the most common ailments in such dogs. As you can see, these dogs are very prone to various ailments. Therefore, take care of your pet: feed properly, protect from drafts, dress in cold weather, do not allow jumping from a height, periodically show the veterinarian so that you can identify the disease at an early stage.

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