During the period of bearing a child, a woman's immunity weakens, and she runs the risk of contracting all sorts of diseases. The most unpleasant symptom of many of them is diarrhea. This is how, taking into account the changing hormonal background, the body of the expectant mother reacts to bacteria and viruses. But how to treat diarrhea during pregnancy, we will consider in this article.
This medication has been known for a very long time. The price of Levomycetin tablets is quite low, so it can be found in any home first aid kit. It is taken mainly for diarrhea. However, its range of action is much wider than we think. In fact, Levomycetin is an antibiotic that fights infections and inflammations. Therefore, Levomycetin is not used during pregnancy in most cases.
How does the drug work? It affects protein synthesis in pathogenic microorganisms. Destroying it, it slows down the growth of bacteria andinterferes with its ability to reproduce. Therefore, the microorganism dies. The drug relieves inflammation and heals the infected organ or tissue.
This medicine is able to fight bacteria such as:
- Escherichia coli;
- chlamydia, etc.
Since these microorganisms are resistant to antibiotics of a number of sulfonamides, penicillins and tetracyclines, Levomycetin cannot be used during pregnancy. Indeed, during the bearing of a child, in extreme cases, only antibiotics of the penicillin series are permissible. The drug will not give results in the fight against fungi, protozoa, strains of Koch's bacillus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, clostridia.
Indications for use
What helps "Levomitsetin"? To whom is it assigned? The instructions for use indicate the following list of infectious and inflammatory diseases:
- purulent peritonitis;
- bacterial meningitis;
- infection of the biliary tract.
The drug may also be prescribed if the previous antibiotic did not work.
Who is contraindicated for?
It is common knowledge thatit is permissible to use "Levomitsetin" for diarrhea. However, in this situation, you need to read the instructions for the medicine. Because this drug is contraindicated in those with:
- there is increased sensitivity to its components;
- impaired blood formation function;
- have blood and skin diseases such as psoriasis, eczema, fungal pathologies;
- liver and kidney dysfunction;
- during the period of taking the drug, acute respiratory infections or tonsillitis are observed.
Also, the medication is unacceptable to use as a prophylaxis. No antibiotic is suitable for this purpose.
It is very important to know in what situation you should stop taking the drug so as not to harm your he alth. In case of an overdose or non-acceptance of the drug by the body, the following picture is observed:
- skin turns pale and gray;
- temperature rising;
- nausea or vomiting present;
- had a sore throat;
- abdominal bloating;
- incomprehensible hematomas appear;
- heart rhythm disorder;
- feeling tired or weak;
- hearing impaired or vision impaired;
- decrease in psychomotor reactions;
- hallucinations appear.
If you find these manifestations in yourself or your loved ones, then you should immediately stop taking the medication, rinse your stomach and drink absorbentdrugs.
Pregnancy and lactation period
So, is it possible to drink "Levomitsetin" during pregnancy and lactation? Most experts say that this drug should not be taken while carrying a child. The instructions for use state that this drug is forbidden to be taken by women in an interesting position. As for breastfeeding, in this case there are not enough studies on the dangers of the drug. However, its use is not recommended during lactation.
If it happens that you cannot do without this drug, then it is still strictly forbidden to use it on your own. It is prescribed only by your doctor, taking into account your individual characteristics, as well as the duration of pregnancy. Since there are different forms of release of the drug, eye drops and Levomycetin ointment should also be used with caution during pregnancy and lactation.
This drug has a good ability to penetrate tissues, so the placental barrier does not matter to him. Having penetrated to the baby, the drug can cause anomalies in its development, external and internal defects and defects.
But some forms of medicine are acceptable. For example, with conjunctivitis, your doctor may prescribe Levomycetin eye drops. Then the question arises: how can they be prescribed to a pregnant woman if they can harm the baby? The answer to this question is as follows. In this formdrug dosage of the active substance is minimal. In addition, it is considered an external agent, and the drug is practically not absorbed into the bloodstream.
Therefore, it is strictly forbidden for pregnant women to take the medicine inside, while it is acceptable in the form of drops. But do not self-medicate and prescribe even eye drops to yourself.
- Pills. Dosage - 250 mg and 500 mg. Shelf life - 3 years.
- Powder for injection. Vials of 500 mg and 1000 mg. Shelf life - 4 years.
- Eye drops. Vials of 5 ml and 10 ml (0.25%). The shelf life of the finished solution is 2 days.
- Ointment. Dosage - 5% active ingredient per tube.
"Levomycetin" during pregnancy is not recommended for use in any form of release.
Instructions for use
How to take the drug, your doctor will prescribe you along with the dosage you need. The instructions for the drug state that Levomycetin tablets should be used either 30 minutes before a meal, or 1 hour after, if the patient has bouts of nausea and vomiting. The daily dose of the drug is 2 g. If necessary, it can be increased to 4 g.
If it is necessary to use the drug in the form of intravenous and intramuscular injections, then the injection solution is prepared as follows: the vial is mixed with 2-3 ml of water or novocaine (0.25-0.5% solution). They give an injection intramuscularly 2-3 times a day.
If the drug is prescribedintravenously, then the vial is mixed with 10 ml of water or glucose (5-40% solution). Enter slowly over 3 minutes. Injections should be given at regular intervals, preferably at the same time each day.
Sometimes "Levomitsetin" during pregnancy is prescribed in the form of eye drops. In this case, the finished solution (5%) is injected 1-2 drops 3-5 times a day into the conjunctival sac.
Price and analogues
The price of Levomycetin tablets is about 50 rubles. It may vary slightly depending on the manufacturer. For example, a drug from Sintez AKOMP costs 50 rubles, while Levomycetin-Darnitsa from a Ukrainian manufacturer costs from 45 to 52 rubles.
Since Levomycetin is prohibited during pregnancy, there are its analogues, which your doctor may advise you, referring to their lesser harm. Among them:
Do not forget that only a doctor prescribes any drug therapy. Self-medication, especially during pregnancy, is contraindicated.
Versatility of the drug
As you know, some drugs help not only from those ailments that are prescribed in the instructions for use. For example, a solution"Levomitsetina" well helps with acne. To do this, you need to take 1 or 2.5% solution and treat the problem area of the skin. The drug removes inflamed, red acne, and also helps fight acne. However, it is not necessary to wipe the entire skin of the face with a solution, this can lead to overdrying and the appearance of acne that is not susceptible to the antibiotic. This rash is much more difficult to deal with.
It should also be noted that "Levomycetin" in the form of eye drops helps well with purulent otitis media and bacterial rhinitis. In the treatment of ear inflammation, the agent is dripped 3-4 drops into each ear 1-2 times a day. Instillation can be replaced by laying cotton wool soaked in a solution of "Levomycetin".
To remove the green snot observed in bacterial rhinitis, first, the nose is instilled with drops that relieve swelling. Among the vasoconstrictor drops include Naphthyzin, Galazolin, Rhinorus, Farmazolin, etc. Then 1-2 drops are dripped into each nostril of Levomycetin eye drops. Also 1-2 times a day.
"Levomycetin" is the most famous remedy for diarrhea. However, it is effective if this diarrhea is caused by poisoning or an intestinal infection. Do not forget that this is still an antibiotic, and if something else provoked diarrhea, then it may not help. There are many other, more effective remedies for diarrhea ("Loperamide", "Enterol", "Subtil", etc.). But if you don't have anything in your first aid kitother than Levomycetin, and you are not able to go to the pharmacy at the moment, you can use it 500 mg 1-2 times a day. If one pill helped you and the diarrhea stopped, then you can not continue taking the drug.