If you've never heard of the German Pinscher before, you're not alone. Unfortunately, now this breed is familiar to a few amateur dog breeders, and it is not very popular among breeders either. A smart and loyal dog with a bright temperament will become an indispensable companion for active people. Like any breed, the Pinscher has its own characteristics, advantages and disadvantages. In the article we will consider them in more detail.
History of the breed
Looking at this dog, you can decide that this is a slightly smaller version of the Doberman. But actually it is not. Dobermans, German Pinschers, and Miniature Pinschers (dwarfish) are separate representatives of the same line of breeds - Pinschers. A similar trio exists in the line of schnauzers - Giant Schnauzer, Standard Schnauzer and Miniature Schnauzer. There was even such a period in the history of cynology when pinschers and schnauzers were not singled out as separate breeds. If curly haired puppies were born in the litter, they were called schnauzers, and smooth-haired puppies were calledpinschers. So, such dissimilar breeds, as it turned out, have the same roots.
The history of the German Pinscher dog breed begins in the 15th century. Officially, it was registered at the end of the 19th century in Germany. At home, the breed is not called German, but the standard pinscher. Another name is also common - the average pinscher.
In medieval Germany, the dog was an indispensable helper in the yards and stables, where she caught rats and guarded property. Previously, they were called that - stable pinschers. Due to their endurance, dogs of this breed were used as stagecoach escorts. They could run for many kilometers next to the wagon, and guard the luggage at the stations. At present, the qualities of the rat catcher have faded into the background, and the breed is valued for service qualities, graceful appearance and endurance in cynological sports.
The German Pinscher is a dog characterized by mobility, endurance and a stable psyche. Despite her not very large growth, she is fearless, without hesitation, she will rush to the defense of the owner. At the same time, the Pinscher is very playful and athletic. Often expresses his joy by jumping up to one and a half meters in height. Used for protection and hunting.
They are restless on the street, but at home they behave calmly, and will not disturb the owner with unreasonable barking. Pinscher is an indispensable companion for people leading an active lifestyle. It will accompany you while jogging or cycling. And also happy to go camping for a few days.
With all its appearance, the German Pinscher demonstrates to become and ideal proportions. Height at the withers rarely exceeds 50 cm, and weight - 20 kg. The average figures are 41-47 cm and 12-17 kg. The body of the Pinscher is strong, muscular, and forms a square. The head is slightly elongated, the muzzle is narrow with an indistinct transition to the forehead. The eyes are oval in shape, dark in color, usually brown. Thin strong paws are parallel to each other. The ears are triangular and set high on the head. To participate in exhibitions, they are not docked, as well as the tail. The coat is short, smooth and shiny. The photo shows German Pinschers with uncropped ears.
Standard Pinschers are available in two colors:
- lacquered black with reddish tan marks;
- solid red with various shades (red-brown, fawn).
The first option is more common. Markings have clear boundaries and are located above the eyes, on the front and hind legs, on the lower part of the muzzle and on the chest. This photo of a German Pinscher clearly shows the location of the tan marks.
Change in color towards lightening is considered a deviation from the standard. Dogs with this deviation do not participate in breeding. You can identify the likelihood of a non-standard color by conducting gene testing of the parents of future puppies.
According to the stately appearance and history of the origin of the standard pinscher, one can draw conclusions about his temperament. Hunter genesappear in communication with other animals, which he can hunt and even bite. With strangers behaves cautiously, showing protective qualities. To balance the natural inclinations of the dog, it is important to socialize him from an early age and stop aggressive behavior towards people and other dogs. The German Pinscher will grow up to be an excellent companion dog if enough time is devoted to training and education. For this reason, people with experience in dog breeding or those who feel confident enough in their abilities are advised to get pinschers.
Representatives of this breed are very devoted to their master and do not tolerate separation from him. But they like to dominate, so being too soft will cause the dog to stop obeying or manipulate you. In addition, standard pinschers are jealous of their territory and things. If someone tries to take their toys, bedding, or food bowl, they may lash out or bite.
Relationships with children
For families with small children, the standard pinscher is not the best option for a pet. With proper upbringing, they are quite patient with children's pranks, but with their sharp movements they can cripple a child. In addition, they are jealous and do not like to share the attention of the owner with someone else.
Standard Pinscher should be walked twice a day, giving a good exercise. The Pincher, who has not exhausted his indefatigable energy on a walk, will look for something to do at home. Importantdirect his activity in the right direction, so often with this breed they participate in cynological sports - agility, flyball, coursing, frisbee.
The German Pinscher does well in an apartment provided he gets regular walks. If the dog will be kept in a house with a plot, then you need to take care of a good fence, as in a fit of excitement it can jump over the fence. You can’t keep a pinscher in the yard all the time. He is very attached to the owner and must keep him in sight. In addition to its advantages, its short coat also has disadvantages. In cold weather, a standard Pinscher will get cold, so you need to take care of comfortable warm clothes.
Caring for the breed will not cause much trouble. The short coat needs to be combed out once a week, and it can also be wiped with a soft cloth from dust and dirt. You do not need to bathe often - once every 2-3 months, using special shampoos for dogs of smooth breeds.
Hygiene procedures include eye, ear and dental care. They need to be cleaned once a week. Dogs are not very fond of these procedures, so it is important to teach the puppy to perform them from an early age. After cleaning, you can reward your pet with a treat. The nails require almost no trimming, as they wear down on their own during long walks. If this does not happen, then they will need to be cut.
Most owners prefer ready-made dry food as the basis of their diet. In this case, it is better to choose high-quality proven super-premium brands. dietdogs on a natural diet should consist of raw meat, raw and cooked vegetables, cereals and dairy products. It is important to remember that food from the table in most cases is not suitable for pinschers. S alty, fried, fatty foods will lead to digestive problems. You also need to watch the portion size. It should be such that the stomach does not stretch and is completely empty by the next meal. And, of course, clean fresh water should always be available to the dog.
From the description of the German Pinscher breed, we have already understood that they are very energetic. They need daily exercise. You need to find a place where the dog can be allowed to run without a leash so that the energy does not remain unspent. Leisurely walking with the owner will not be able to satisfy the pinchers' need for exercise. And this is fraught with unpleasant consequences for the owners. A bored dog will seek entertainment at home, and this is not limited to harmless pranks. An indicator that the dog is expending enough energy will be that after a walk he will fall soundly for several hours.
Standard Pinschers love to play with other dogs, but in games they are assertive and aggressive. Not all dogs like this. Therefore, representatives of the same breed will be ideal playmates.
Standard Pinschers must be trained. If you can’t regularly devote time to this, then it is better to choose another breed. Pinschers are wary of strangers and in this againthe merit of the genes of the guard. Puppies need to be accustomed to other people and animals as early as possible. In education, you need to show firmness, but without anger. German Pinschers are famous for their vindictiveness. If you "go too far" with punishment or do it in front of strangers, the dog's pride will be hurt. A smart and cunning pinscher will find a way to show the owner that he will not tolerate such an attitude. Do not forgive representatives of the breed and excessive softness. They will quickly "sit on the neck" of such a master, taking on the role of leader.
Smart and quick-witted by nature, pinschers easily learn new things, so it will be a pleasure to work with them. Reward with hard cheese, rye crackers, or special dog treats.
Pinschers are considered long-lived, with good care they can live up to 20 years. The average life expectancy is 13-17 years. Among the diseases peculiar to this breed, there are:
- von Willebrand-Dian disease (spontaneous bleeding);
- eye diseases;
- disorders in the development of the hip joints;
To identify a dog's predisposition to von Willebrand disease, a genetic test can be done. The disease occurs in different forms. Some of them are considered life-threatening and require mandatory treatment. Mild forms also need to be monitored and visit the veterinarian regularly.
Eye diseases are common among Pinschers, so it is necessary to regularly examine the dog from the age of 1.5-2 months. If aidentify pathology in time, this will help stop the development of the disease or completely cure it.
Reviews of breeders
The reviews of the owners of dogs of this breed will help to complement the portrait of the German Pinscher. All owners of standard pinchers note their good-natured disposition, indefatigable energy and a positive attitude to everything that happens around. They selflessly love their owners and are ready to accompany them everywhere and always. But at the same time, Pinschers are self-sufficient and can keep themselves busy playing with their favorite toys.
Walking with pinschers is never calm. They have an excellent sense of smell and a well-developed hunting instinct. Thanks to this, they can rush off for potential prey, ignoring the calls of the owner. But not all representatives of the breed do this. Each dog is unique and the character of one pinscher may differ from another. The same applies to barking - some dogs "open their mouths" for any reason, you can rarely hear anything from others.
Pinschers are very smart and love to learn new things, but if they get bored, they will pretend not to understand you. Routine affairs quickly bother them, so training should be varied. Training should take place without punishment, but only with the use of rewards. Many owners note that the “fetch” command is difficult for standard pinchers. Although the breed was used at the dawn of its appearance for hunting, the standard Pinschers are more like hunters themselves than hunting dogs.
Standard Pinscher breeders recommendbreed for housing maintenance, but subject to daily walks of 1-2 hours. Raising a dog, especially in the first year, will need to be given a lot of time. If you miss this time, then instead of a cheerful balanced dog, you will get an aggressive and suspicious dog.
The price of pedigreed standard pinscher puppies depends on factors such as:
- color - black and tan or plain;
- puppy gender;
- Are the ears and tail docked.
The average price of a puppy with a good pedigree is 55 thousand rubles. Puppies with deviations from the standards are cheaper - 20-30 thousand rubles. Undocumented puppies can be bought for less than 20,000 rubles.
When choosing a puppy, pay attention to the condition of the coat, eyes and limbs. The coat should be shiny without bald spots, the eyes should be clean. The puppy should stand confidently on its paws, be mobile and inquisitive.
Judging by the description, the German Pinscher is not for everyone. The energy that overflows them will constantly require an outlet, and the intellect will require training. It will not be difficult for an experienced dog breeder to provide this. Beginners will need patience and firmness to get a well-mannered dog. If the standard pinscher is your dog, then the process of education and its result will bring joy to both the dog and the owner.