2023 Author: Priscilla Miln | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-11-26 06:25
Early pregnancy is a very common problem that is becoming more and more urgent every year. As statistics show, the number of adolescents under the age of 18 applying to medical institutions is constantly increasing. At the same time, the reason for early conception at a young age is not so much a medical one as a social one.
It would seem that teenage pregnancy should not be widespread. After all, contraceptives and contraceptives are sold not only in pharmacies, but also in many stores, so there should be absolutely no problems with their purchase. In addition, modern society condemns the early onset of sexual activity. Yes, and childbirth can be dangerous for both the he alth of the mother and her baby, since the female body fully matures only by the age of 20. Therefore, in order to avoid negative consequences, every girl who begins to have sex in adolescence should have an idea of what early signs of pregnancy appear at conception.baby.
How the body behaves
There is no single factor that fully explains teenage pregnancy. Here everything is much more complicated. Most often there are several factors that overlap each other. At the same time, it is important to understand that the fault of the girls themselves is not in this. The thing is that today's youth are going through puberty faster than their parents once did. Because of this, adolescents begin to be drawn to the opposite sex earlier. Therefore, so that early pregnancy does not affect children, their parents must psychologically prepare their offspring for adulthood. And you need to start doing this even before the child has the first sex.
Among the main causes of teenage pregnancy are the following:
- Lack of sex education. As practice shows, most parents do not conduct any conversations on sexual topics with their children. Thus, boys and girls are not prepared to enter adulthood. They lack basic knowledge about venereal diseases and methods of contraception, which can be fraught with various negative consequences.
- Sexual promiscuity. Many girls want to stand out from their peers and look more mature. In addition, as practice shows, early pregnancy very often occurs as a result of casual relationships under the influence of alcohol or drugs, when adolescents are not able to soberlythink and keep your lust under control.
- Inability to use contraception. Most boys and girls are negligent about protection during intercourse, believing that nothing will happen because of one time. In addition, many teenagers are simply ashamed to buy contraceptives.
- Violence. In dysfunctional families in which one or both spouses regularly drink or use drugs, it is very common for fathers to resort to violence against their daughters. At the same time, girls most often hide manifestations of violence, because they are afraid of ridicule from others or physical violence. Therefore, violence becomes regular.
We looked at the most common causes that lead to problems in adolescence. A less common but also occurring factor is planned early pregnancy. Most often this happens when a girl is in love with a guy and wants to keep him in every possible way.
What is the danger of being pregnant at a young age?
Teenagers are girls between the ages of 10 and 18. According to statistics, pregnancy most often occurs between 12 and 16 years. At this age, bearing a fetus is very dangerous, because the girl's body is not yet fully developed, which is fraught with various negative consequences.
Young mothers are threatened by the following:
- improper fetal development;
- morphofunctional changes in the placenta;
- premature and difficult births;
It is important to understand that all these dangers are due to the unstable hormonal background that is characteristic of adolescents. Most births are very difficult and are accompanied by various complications for both the baby and his mother. In addition, about half of prematurely born dies in the first six months of their lives. And this is not to mention what kind of psychological burden is created on the girl.
Signs of pregnancy as a result of body restructuring
From the very first day of conception, various changes begin to occur in the body. It adapts and adapts to the developing fetus. This can lead to a complete change in the usual lifestyle and daily routine of the expectant mother.
As a rule, in pregnant women, immunity is greatly reduced, sleep is disturbed, and they also feel unwell. Early signs of pregnancy begin to appear, which can help the girl understand that a small miracle is growing in her tummy. In order to take the necessary measures in a timely manner, you need to know all these signs, so let's dwell on them in more detail.
How to recognize pregnancy before a delay?
Early pregnancy before a delay is very difficult to determine, since at this stage there are practically no obvious manifestations. Yes, and girls may not attach any importance to any changes in the body.
However, you can still recognize it bythe following symptoms:
- Increase in basal body temperature. During pregnancy, a woman's body produces a large amount of the hormone progesterone, which, in turn, leads to an increase in body temperature, which lasts for several weeks.
- Unwell. It is very often similar to the common cold, so no one attaches much importance to this symptom.
- Minor discharge. During early pregnancy, they have a yellow-brown hue and may contain small impurities of blood, which, in fact, is similar to the onset of menstruation. However, their duration and abundance are much less.
- Increased sensitivity of the mammary glands. Very often, the chest begins to hurt, and slight discharge may also come out of the nipples.
- Migraine and back pain. They are caused by hormonal changes and stretching ligaments.
- Abdominal discomfort. The belly in early pregnancy is an excellent indicator. A girl may feel slight tingling or pain in her lower part, which is not typical for adolescence.
All of these symptoms appear at the earliest stage of pregnancy, even before there is a delay in menstruation. Therefore, if a girl monitors the state of her body and pays attention to any changes occurring in it, then she will be able to determine the presence of an early pregnancy. But here it is important to understand that only a doctor can confirm the presence of an embryo. Therefore, if there is any suspicion, it is necessary to appeargynecologist.
Symptoms of early pregnancy
Due to lack of experience and knowledge, girls may not even know that a baby is growing in their stomach for a long period of time. Therefore, many continue to drink alcohol and have sexual intercourse with various partners. All this poses a threat to the fetus and can result in a miscarriage. To prevent this from happening, the expectant mother should know what are the first signs of pregnancy in the early stages when carrying a baby.
The main ones are:
- frequent urge to urinate;
- breast and belly augmentation;
- chills and fever.
Another common symptom is heavy vaginal discharge during early pregnancy. At the same time, they have a light shade or are transparent, which indicates a change in hormonal levels.
If the discharge is dark and mixed with blood, and the girl experiences severe cutting pains in the lower abdomen, then these are harbingers of an imminent miscarriage or ectopic pregnancy. The latter is very dangerous and poses a threat to the life of the mother. Therefore, if a teenage girl has early symptoms of pregnancy, it is recommended not to delay going to the hospital.
What changes happen to the uterus?
The first early stages of pregnancy are the most difficult for the body, as many changes occur in it. This is especially true of the uterus, which not onlysignificantly increases in size, but also changes its shape. Ligaments and soft tissues begin to stretch and become stronger and more elastic. The biggest transformations occur in the sixth week of gestation, and by the eighth week the uterus almost doubles in size.
What if conception has already occurred?
If you have early signs of pregnancy, and the test results confirmed them, then what to do in this case and what to do? It is very important to understand and support parents. In no case should you shift the entire responsibility for what happened to the child. According to medical statistics, about 70% of early pregnancies end in abortion. However, this is not the best solution, because in the future it will be very difficult for a girl to get pregnant.
If parents are determined to give birth, then much attention should be paid to the quality of nutrition of the expectant mother. After all, now useful substances are necessary not only for her body, but also for the baby. The diet must be balanced. Therefore, you should select foods rich in both proteins and fats and carbohydrates.
Early pregnancy is a very difficult physical and psychological test for a teenage girl. How she will endure all the trials depends largely on the parents, who must provide all kinds of support for their child. In addition, the bearing of the fetus at all stages should occur under the supervision of a physician. This will eliminate many negative consequences.
Expectant mothers must take their he alth very seriously throughout their pregnancy. Monitor your body and respond to the slightest changes occurring in it. Of particular concern to them should be pain during early pregnancy in the lower abdomen. Since they, most often, indicate the presence of any pathology that can pose a threat to the fetus and mother, as well as cause very serious consequences.
Pain and discomfort in the lower abdomen may not be a sign of abnormalities, but one of the symptoms of pregnancy. This is quite normal, since the uterus is growing rapidly and rapidly increasing in size, which cannot remain unnoticed. In addition, a large amount of blood rushes to the pelvic organs, which is also accompanied by a certain discomfort.
Therefore, if the signs of pregnancy in the early stages do not make themselves felt too much, and the pains are of a short-term nature, then there should not be any special reasons for concern. However, it will be beneficial to consult with your doctor.
But if the spasms have become pronounced, then this is the first sign of any problems. Therefore, a visit to the doctor should not be postponed, since any delay can end very badly.
Deviations from the norm
Strong and sharp pains are a kind of alarm bells that give rise to an immediate visit to the doctor. In addition, abundantbloody discharge, fever that persists for days or more, chills, nausea, and a constant feeling of being unwell.
All these manifestations can occur as a result of a number of reasons, among which the following are the most common:
- ectopic pregnancy;
- placental abruption;
- spontaneous abortion.
Each of these cases is very serious and fraught with many negative consequences. Therefore, in case of early pregnancy, it is recommended to register the girl in a medical institution.
A consultation with a doctor is necessary for the following reasons:
- only a specialized specialist can confirm or deny pregnancy;
- the doctor will perform an examination and prescribe all the necessary tests;
- he will observe the expectant mother and the development of the embryo throughout the gestation.
It is necessary to register for pregnancy in the period from 9 to 12 weeks, when the first ultrasound is prescribed, which allows to identify the presence of any abnormalities in the embryo.
Basic abortion methods
Every teenage girl is interested in the question of whether it is possible to have an abortion in early pregnancy or not. Modern medicine not only allows this, but in some cases, interruption may simply be necessary, for example, if there is a threat to the he alth or life of the mother. And in general, abortions these days are very common, not only among adolescents,but also among adult women who, for whatever reason, do not want to give birth.
But here it is important to understand that an abortion can only be done within the first 12 weeks from the moment of conception. At this time, such procedures are completely safe and do not pose any threat to the woman's he alth. But here we are not talking about surgical intervention, after which it can be very difficult to get pregnant in the future. The best option is gentle procedures that allow you to terminate the pregnancy.
The most effective and safest is medical abortion. With strict adherence to the dosage prescribed by the doctor, women will have absolutely no complications. An alternative to the use of drugs is vacuum abortion. It is prescribed by a doctor only after examining the patient and is performed under local anesthesia. Therefore, a woman will practically feel nothing. As in the case of medical, vacuum termination of pregnancy does not cause any harm to the internal organs. Therefore, women remain fertile.
As mentioned at the beginning of the article, early pregnancy is a common problem in today's society. Therefore, in order to protect their children from such a situation, parents should conduct educational conversations with them on the topic of sexual life, tell both girls and boys about contraceptive methods, and also engage in psychological education of adolescents. As practice shows, many adultsIt's hard to talk to your kids about stuff like that. However, there is nothing shameful in this, and apart from parents, no one can prepare their offspring for entry into adulthood, full of many dangers and unforeseen situations. Remember: any problem is much easier to prevent than to deal with it later.
Be that as it may, in any situation, always try to support your child. After all, only parents can give the right advice, reassure and provide support. After all, this is very important for every teenager.
Almost every woman is interested in the question of what are the first signs of pregnancy. This allows the expectant mother to psychologically prepare herself for bearing a child, because it is necessary to remain calm for the entire period, which is not so easy to achieve. Every woman who has given birth knows this very well
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