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Tests when registering for pregnancy - a list. What week of pregnancy are registered

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Tests when registering for pregnancy - a list. What week of pregnancy are registered
Tests when registering for pregnancy - a list. What week of pregnancy are registered
Anonim

A he althy and calm pregnancy in many ways, of course, depends on the woman. That is why many gynecologists strongly recommend registering with the hospital as early as possible and being observed by a doctor throughout pregnancy. A woman, especially in the case of a first pregnancy, has many questions. For example, what tests to take when registering for pregnancy? What examinations to pass? Where to do all this? We will try to answer these questions and explain everything as simply and clearly as possible.

How long does it take to register?

Positive pregnancy test

After the expectant mother conducted a pregnancy test at home and saw a positive result, you need to hurry up and go to the antenatal clinic. In this case, it is possible to apply not only to a regular clinic, but alsoto a paid center where doctors will help you manage your pregnancy and conduct all the necessary examinations, which may not be available in a free consultation.

The main thing to remember: for registration, the most optimal gestational age is 5-6 weeks. If there is no opportunity to go to the doctor during this period, you can linger a little. But it is undesirable to remain without medical supervision for more than 12 weeks.

What documents do you need?

Management of pregnancy

Let's take a brief look at the algorithm for registering a pregnant woman, thanks to which we will eliminate possible awkward situations and difficulties.

1. Preparation of a package of documents for registration for pregnancy. These include:

  • Russian passport;
  • insurance certificate;
  • pension insurance certificate;
  • application addressed to the head physician in the event that you go to a consultation not at the place of registration;
  • card with medical history and results of previous tests - if available, this is not required, but desirable.

2. Primary examination by a gynecologist, collection of material for analysis and referral to other studies.

3. Obtaining a map that will describe and reflect the entire process with the results of tests during registration for pregnancy, ultrasound and much more. You must have this card with you at the maternity ward.

First appointment and tests

Initial doctor's appointment

At the first appointment, the doctor must do an external examination,fix weight and height, measure pressure, abdominal circumference and interview the pregnant woman. The doctor should tell in detail the history of the disease - both his own and the future dad. This is done in order to exclude possible deviations and predict diseases during pregnancy. The following is a range of necessary tests when registering for pregnancy. Let's conditionally divide the whole complex into two groups: gynecological and others. The groups are in no way divided by significance, they are equivalent, so neither one nor the other can be ignored.

Gynecological tests of a pregnant woman

Conducting a survey

Registration in early pregnancy is beneficial for the he alth of the expectant mother and baby. First of all, this is due to the fact that in the early stages it is easier to treat identified diseases without harm and with minimal risk to the child.

  1. For this purpose, a swab is taken from the vagina, thanks to which the microflora of this organ is examined for the presence of dangerous bacteria and neoplasms. The analysis allows you to identify gynecological diseases, inflammation in the body and sexually transmitted diseases. Such an analysis is not taken on its own, this is done by the gynecologist during the examination using a special spatula or stick.
  2. No less significant is bakposev on microflora. According to the collection mechanism, the analysis is no different from the previous one. Often, the doctor immediately gives the material for two tests. The difference between studies is in the direction, the second is narrower. According to the results, it is possible to see the presence of those microorganisms that are onthe first examination the expert will not find.
  3. Additionally, a smear can be taken to detect cancer cells or the presence of formations of any nature. In this case, the material is taken from the cervix.

Such tests should be taken as early as possible, which is why 5-6 weeks of pregnancy will be a favorable period. At this time, a woman can take antibiotics without harm to the child, at the same time, existing diseases will be eliminated. This is the key to a he althy pregnancy.

Non-gynecological studies

Carrying out ultrasound picture

As we mentioned above, in addition to gynecological tests, there is a need to pass additional examinations. They will help to get a general idea of ​​the he alth and condition of the expectant mother, to note the features and "weak points". When registering for pregnancy, these tests should be taken as early as possible, because if the doctor takes the material for the first group of studies, then you will have to do it yourself. These tests are mandatory.

  1. Among the first is a general urine test. Such an analysis gives a general idea of ​​the state of he alth of a woman, the number of leukocytes in her body. An upward deviation indicates the presence of inflammation, while the opposite indicates the presence of a serious disease.
  2. Urine culture. With it, you can determine the presence of infections in the body of the expectant mother. Only infections of the genitourinary system will be detected.
  3. Blood test. At this stage, pregnancy has already been confirmed, so the level of hCG does not matter.has, but you can see the level of hemoglobin and red blood cells, as well as many other indicators.

As a rule, such analyzes are not the only ones. The question of the advisability of additional examinations is decided by the doctor.

Additional Research

If necessary, if there is evidence for this, the doctor may prescribe additional studies that will rule out some serious problems. These include:

  1. An additional blood test is done to detect the level of sugar and other substances, trace elements.
  2. A blood test from a vein to determine the presence of diseases - syphilis, hepatitis of different groups, HIV and others.
  3. An important analysis is carried out for the presence of hidden diseases and bacteria that can be transmitted to the child. In this case, death is possible. Latent infections include herpes, rubella, toxoplasmosis. This is another argument in favor of early pregnancy registration: the sooner infections are detected, the sooner treatment and prevention can begin.
  4. A blood test for clotting - how fast it happens and whether third-party drugs are needed to help with this.
  5. Colposcopy. A study that is carried out if a pregnant woman has diseases of the integument of the vagina or uterus. The process of erosion, colpitis and much more is monitored.

Regularity of testing

Ultrasound by a specialist

No need to think that all of the above tests need to be taken only at the beginning of pregnancy. Upon receipt of the results, the doctor fillscard and establishes the need for additional or repeated tests. Even perfectly he althy pregnant women should take material for research at least once a trimester. On the recommendation of a doctor, some tests are repeated at 18 and 30 weeks. At the first appointment, the gynecologist forms a preliminary schedule for the delivery of tests. During the second appointment, based on the results of the studies, the doctor must adjust the schedule and form an accurate calendar plan.

Do I need anything else besides tests?

Of course, in addition to passing tests, it is necessary to undergo an examination by narrow specialists. The map, which we mentioned above, will reflect the list of doctors to whom the pregnant woman should go. These include an otorhinolaryngologist, therapist, dentist, neuropathologist, cardiologist. If you have chronic diseases, the gynecologist will refer you to other specialists that are necessary specifically for you. Treat these techniques with all responsibility, because your he alth and the condition of your baby depend, among other things, on this.

Is all this paid?

Early ultrasound

The state encourages early registration in the antenatal clinic for pregnancy, which is why no money is charged from you for this. All tests are done free of charge on the territory of the hospital, appointments are also free. In addition, if there was an early registration, the state pays the expectant mother a lump sum. It is issued together with the first cash benefit for pregnancy.

We tried our bestfully answer for you the question of what tests you need to take when registering for pregnancy, why they are needed, at what time it is better to consult a doctor and many others. The main thing is to be he althy and happy, take your he alth seriously and responsibly, follow all the doctor's recommendations.

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