Every day, preschool educational institutions organize morning exercises. This regime moment takes place before breakfast, as soon as the children come to kindergarten.
The results of clinical examination indicate a low percentage of absolutely he althy children and an increase in the number of babies with developmental disabilities or he alth problems. Weakened immunity causes frequent illnesses. Morning exercises help to solve he alth problems. The first younger group is already able to perform simple complexes, consisting of exercises available to kids.
Why do you need morning exercises?
During the exercise, several important tasks are solved at once:
- muscle and bone strengthening;
- formation of posture;
- activation of the cardiovascular system;
- breath development;
- there is a feeling of cheerfulness, it becomes possible to shake off drowsiness, wake up to activity;
- forming the habit of physical education;
- light hardening occurs.
Three stages of morning exercises
Gymnastics usually consists of three stages. The action begins with combat exercises. They are replaced by movement in a circle, children walk and run. At the same time, the respiratory system is improved, blood circulation is actively working.
After that, the children go directly to the very complex of general developmental exercises appropriate for their age. And after it - to jumping or running in place. The regimen moment ends with exercises to restore breathing. Sometimes it is used to read in chorus chants, poems about the exercises done.
Stand in order for fun exercises
The purpose of the introductory part is to set the child up for exercise, develop spatial orientation skills, and improve the types of walking and running. At the appointed time, the children line up in the gym, perform simple combat commands, for example, "left", "right", "step forward", "step back" and others. Then they move one after the other in a circle. Movement types may include:
- on toes;
- on heels;
- additional step;
- easy running;
- high knee walking;
- other commands
The morning exercises in the first junior group, as a rule, do not include jumps, gallops and other complex types of movements, but only simple ones that are accessible to children.
The first part of the exercise ends with normal walking to restore breathing after running. Then the children rearrange themselves to be evenly distributed around the room for general developmental exercises.
How can children be positioned?
- in a circle;
- in pairs;
- in ranks.
One, two, three, four, five - do the exercises
The second stage of charging accounts for the bulk of the physical activity. Children knead:
- shoulder girdle;
The exercise includes exercises for individual muscle groups and their combinations. For example, the legs and torso can be involved at the same time. These activities are especially beneficial as they develop coordination and involve more parts of the body. Tasks for children are selected so that both the large muscles listed above and the small ones work.
Complexes of morning exercises in the first junior group, of course, will not consist of such a variety of activities. Only the simplest movements are available to children so far. To attract attention, the figurative name of the exercises, the use of attributes, visualization, and verbal accompaniment of charging are recommended.
After general developmental exercises jumps follow. They can be of various types:
- on one or two legs;
- around you;
- with promotion.
After jumping, children need to restore their breathing, so you need to perform special exercises torelax and gain calmness, breathe measuredly and evenly.
How to finish charging?
In the final part, the children walk in a circle. Then you can use some kind of sedentary game, as well as emotional moments that emphasize the benefits of exercise - poems, songs, chants. "He alth is in order - thanks to charging!" the children cheer as they leave the gym.
Features of the selection of exercises for babies
Complexes of morning exercises in the first junior group should actively involve large muscles. It is important that charging activates the work of all major body systems.
Children of the third year do not yet coordinate the actions of the arms, legs and torso, so they may have difficulty doing exercises. It is difficult for them to repeat the exercise immediately as shown by an adult, so they should be allowed to do as best they can without correcting their movements. For example, a teacher shows how to stretch high, high, children tend to stretch as well, but so far only a semblance of an action can turn out. The same goes for inclines and other exercises. Gradually, the child will become more coordinated and master the movements that did not work right away.
Morning gymnastics complexes in the first junior group include exercises from different starting positions:
- Standing on my feet.
- On my knees.
- Sitting on the floor or on a chair.
- Lying on your back or stomach.
- On all fours.
- And others.
Using different starting positions, you can remove the excessive load on the children's spine, alternating the work of the main muscle groups. So, the complexes of morning exercises in the first junior group solve the problem of developing a good posture.
The task of the educator is to choose movements so that the same muscle group does not work for a long time. Alternating will make the whole body work.
Benefits and attributes for charging
Gymnastics for the first junior group may include activities with objects:
When small toys or attributes are used for general developmental exercises, additional muscle tension is created. In addition, children enthusiastically perform movements, rejoicing at the toy. Changing objects allows you to keep interest and makes it possible to practice the same movement. It does not cause monotony. Children lift up a handkerchief, in the next complex they knock with cubes above their heads, in another one they stretch their palms towards the sun. Attributes change - the movement is improved. This is better than just asking the kids to raise their hands to count.
Objects can also be used for cognitive development. Children will learn what a ball is, a flag, how to hold them, what color they are, what shape they are, and so on.
Our fingers played
For the development of fine motor skills of children, teachers often use finger gymnastics. First juniorthe group also includes this element. It is introduced into classes, walks and other regime moments. Small recitatives, accompanied by movements of fingers and hands, help children improve fine motor skills in a playful way. In addition, finger gymnastics improves thinking and speech. Movements increase the activity of the cerebral cortex, speech and motor centers are activated, which contributes to their development.
During finger games and exercises, the child:
- learns to understand speech;
- develops fine motor skills;
- improves thinking;
- playing fun.
Morning gymnastics in the garden is a powerful way to improve children's he alth. It is especially important in the first junior group, when thinking and speech are still being formed, a habit is being created for an active lifestyle, for physical education. It is very important to follow all the basic principles of building a charge so that it can develop children and not harm their fragile bodies.