The recently adopted Federal State Standard for Preschool Education designates one of the most important tasks for the cognitive development of children to form primary ideas about their small homeland and Fatherland, about the socio-cultural values of our people, about domestic traditions and holidays. Purposeful activities in this area include classes, talks, holidays, exhibitions and other forms of work with children and parents.
In terms of work on patriotic education, Defender of the Fatherland Day in kindergarten becomes an annual event. The script can be in the form of a sports competition or musical entertainment (or any other at the choice of teachers).
Army Day or a holiday for men and boys?
In Soviet times, the February event was obligatory and had political overtones. On this day, the Soviet system, its strength and power were glorified, congratulations were received by the military. It was previously namedas the Day of the Red Army and the Navy.
In our time, it is customary to honor all men, regardless of their belonging to the army, up to the boys, who are considered future warriors. The holiday is now called Defender of the Fatherland Day. In kindergarten, the script is written in advance, and a lot of preliminary work is done.
The purpose and objectives of the holiday
Defender of the Fatherland Day in kindergarten is held as part of the work on patriotic education. Its main goal can be formulated as the formation of ideas about the defenders of the motherland through the organization of various activities. With the help of this event, the kindergarten also solves a number of tasks:
- introduces children to the holiday, creates a joyful perception of this day;
- forms patriotic feelings, pride in one's native country;
- brings up in children a sense of respect for the Russian army, love for the motherland;
- promotes gender-role education, teaches boys to be protectors;
- carries out the interaction of children and adults.
February 23: From toddlers to future schoolchildren
The holiday will be held in all kindergarten groups, but in a different form and with different content. It is necessary to take into account the age characteristics of children. You need to think carefully in advance how Defender of the Fatherland Day will be in kindergarten.
Younger group can organize an interesting activity withunderstandable heroes - a doll, parsley, a bunny or a bear. The holiday must be called, play games for dexterity, strength, accuracy and other qualities of defenders. And, of course, the holiday for young children is associated with gifts, so you need to take care of small presents for boys and sweet treats for all children.
For children of the middle group, you can organize a lesson where cognitive development will be carried out within the framework of the holiday theme, or hold a small event where the appearance of a hero will be a surprise, and the boys, their dads and grandfathers will be in the spotlight.
Older children, in addition to receiving informative information about the holiday, can learn poems and songs of similar subjects. You can spend reading works of fiction.
Suitable for this age and meeting with warriors. It can be one of the dads or grandfathers, or maybe just a specially invited guest who will tell in a lively conversation about military service, will be able to answer the questions of children. In addition, it is advisable to conduct an excursion to the monument to the soldiers.
Form of work with children
- Classes and activities.
- Reading fiction.
- Viewing themed films and cartoons.
- Exhibitions of children's or family creative works (drawings, crafts).
- Photo exhibitions ("My dad", "Our grandfathers").
- Family festival of military-patriotic songs.
- Travel to the obelisk.
- Encounters with warriors.
- Building snow figures toholiday.
Who will protect the tower?
So, consider Defender of the Fatherland Day in kindergarten. A lesson for the first junior group can be organized as follows.
Educator: "Today we celebrate Defender of the Fatherland Day - the holiday of our dads, grandfathers and boys."
Music sounds, a mouse appears. (All roles can be played by educators, parents or older children, toys and glove puppets may be used.)
"I'm a mouse - norushka. And who are you?"
Educator: "Hello! These are the guys, we have a holiday today."
Mouse: "I know that today all men and all boys are congratulated. Are there men among you?"
Boys get up
Mouse: "Oh, I see, I see! Do you know what it means to be a real man? You have to be strong!"
Educator: "Our guys are strong because they do exercises every day. Here we will show it to you now and teach you!"
Charge dance: children perform simple movements following the example of adults.
Educator: "That's how great you are! We will do exercises and become stronger every day."
Mouse: "And it's time for me to go to the teremok, I'll wait for my friends for the holiday."
Educator: "Guys, can't you hear anything?"
Snoring is heard. The teacher approaches the bear.
"Look, this bear is sleeping! Winter is coming to an end, spring is coming, and he is still sleeping. Shall we wake him up?"
Musical game "Wake up the bear". Children come up to the bear, stomp, clap, he wakes up, jokingly catches them.
Mishka (stretching): "Oh, and I slept sweetly! I sucked my paw in my sleep. It's good that you woke me up! Otherwise I would have missed the holiday. The mouse invited me to the teremok."
Educator: "You woke up just right, we have a holiday here now."
Bear: "I'm a clubfoot bear, stretch your paws! Yes, and you don't sit, come out to dance with me!"
Bear: "How well you clap your hands and stomp your feet, it's clear that you are strong and dexterous. Thank you for waking me up. And now it's time for me to go to the house for the holiday."
Music plays, bunny appears:
"I am a nimble boy, a gray hare.
I am a future man, today is a holiday - that's the reason, What did I ride here for you.
I wasn't late for the party?"
Educator: "Hello, hare! How fast you are."
Bunny: "And I'm also dexterous and well-aimed! In vain they say that I'm oblique! If you want, compete with me!"
Guides a game - the children must hit the basket with the ball.
Bunny: "Wow! How accurate you are, like real men! And I ran to the mouse in the teremok, for the holiday!"
Music sounds, fox comes running:
"I am a fox fox, red beauty.
Fur coat, paws, nose and fluffy tail!"
Educator: "Hello! Are you on holiday?"
Fox: "Yes, yes, of course. I was in such a hurry, I was almost late."
Educator: "So you're a girl, and today they congratulate the boys."
Fox: "So I came to tell you that it's high time to congratulate the boys."
Educator: "That's right! Thank you for reminding me! Girls, let's congratulate our boys."
Chanterette: "And I'll run to the mouse in the teremok, we will treat our fabulous men with pies! Goodbye, guys!"
Girls give gifts to boys, sweet treats to all children.
Holidays for Toddlers
Defender of the Fatherland Day in kindergarten in the 2nd junior group can also be held as a theatrical performance for boys. Children 3-4 years old can already sing along, actively move to the music, walk, run, jump, so the scenario with the participation of some characters can be supplemented with outdoor games, dances or songs.
On Defender of the Fatherland Day in kindergarten (middle group), the lesson is aimed at getting to know the military branches. In the process of work, the children's vocabulary is enriched, their vocabulary is expanding.
Sample lesson plan:
- A conversation about what a holiday is and what holidays the guys know.
- The story of the holiday Defender of the Fatherland Day in kindergarten. Analysis of the words "defender", "Fatherland".
- Viewing illustrations and pictures depicting sailors, tankers, pilots, border guards.
- Reading poems about soldiers of different branches of the military.
- Talking about the qualities a defender should have and demonstrating those qualities is a physics minute.
- A conversation about form. Didactic game "Find out whose headdress it is."
- A story about military equipment (showing equipment on video or toys on the table). Car game.
- Summary of the lesson.
"Every soldier dreams of becoming a general" (detail)
How else can Defender of the Fatherland Day be held in kindergarten? The older group can take this scenario as a basis.
Solemn festive music sounds, under which children and parents enter the gym. Chairs and benches have been prepared for them, placed on both sides.
Fanfares are heard, and the presenter comes out to the sound of them.
"Good afternoon, dear friends! We are glad to welcome everyone in this hall - both girls and boys, as well as our respected adults - parents and teachers. A holiday will be celebrated all over our country tomorrow - Defenders of the Fatherland Day. Whom is that what we call it?"
"You're all right! Our defenders are dads, grandfathers, older brothers. And our boys will also grow up soon and will protect our homeland from enemies, so today is their day too. To you, our dear boys and men, we dedicate our holiday today.
Dad, grandfather and brother
Wedon't forget to congratulate!
Defender of the Fatherland Day –
Day of courage and strength.
The sky is flying.
The earth will be protected.
Border guard at post
Guarding the border.
If the enemy suddenly pops in –
It is unlikely that he will pass.
Let the soldiers on duty
We are all protected!
Know they are in our garden
Joyful holiday, special
Defender of the Fatherland Day
Mark everyone happy!
For all our men and boys, our musical number!"
Children perform the song "When I grow up big", music. G. Struve, sl. N. Solovieva.
"Very soon our guys will grow up, and maybe one of them will become a military man, and someone will serve in the army and protect us and our country."
A military march sounds, under it a general steps forward: “Hello, fighters!”
Children say "Hello!"
General: "Hello!" learning to greet correctly: "I wish you good he alth, comrade general!"
"Here! That's better. Today I left my military unit and my trained soldiers and came here to see what the younger generation can do. I suggest you take tests to see how ready you are for military service. Everything Got it? Boys and girls, are you ready for the competition?"
General: "Well, what is thisfor answer? We must answer: "That's right!"
"Now we need an experienced headquarters that will monitor the progress of our exercises. Are there those who served in the army in the hall?"
Several parents are selected to form a jury.
"We're starting! Teams should line up on the parade ground first. Teams, line up!"
Children stand in two lines facing each other.
"Let's see how ready you are to carry out line orders."
The commands are pronounced in turn and at random: "Left!", "Right!", "Step forward!", "Step back!" The pace gradually picks up.
"You still have to do and engage in drill training! However, I will ask the headquarters to note which of the teams completed the most tasks correctly. And we continue: and move on to the form. Here are two caps."
Puts on the first team members.
"You must quickly overcome the distance to the sign and, having run around it, return back. In this case, you need to pass the cap to the next fighter."
Further, the script can include various competitions and relay races that children perform on the instructions of the general, and end the holiday with summing up, awards and sweet prizes.
Working with older preschoolers
Defender of the Fatherland Day in the kindergarten of the preparatory group may well follow the same scenario as the above event for the senior group. Or maybe completely different. Senior preschool age allows you to use more diverseforms of work with children:
- Learning poems and songs.
- Conversations "My dad is a soldier", "Our army is strong", "Russian heroes" and others.
- Walk-excursion to the monument to the defending soldiers.
- A film about the heroes of Russia.
- Making gifts for dads, grandfathers and brothers.
- Competitions and games.
Should parents be involved?
The implementation of the Federal State Standard requires preschool education to support parents (legal representatives) in raising children and involving families directly in educational activities.
Defender of the Fatherland Day in kindergarten just creates the conditions for the participation of parents (legal representatives) in the life of an educational institution.
Dads, grandfathers or other male relatives can talk about their service in the army, show photos, learn drills with children or march in formation with a song.
What's a holiday without gifts?
A good educational moment is making gifts for the holiday with the hands of children. In addition to developing fine motor skills and developing manual labor, crafts or cards made by children will create a festive atmosphere, allow children and adults to remember this day for a long time.
Toy tanks, airplanes, other military equipment made from waste materials or from paper and cardboard can become a gift. room forcreativity represents the creation of postcards. Various performance techniques can also be used for this.