Almost all children like to sculpt various plasticine figures. This process brings not only pleasure, but also positively affects the development of babies. In preschool institutions there is a specific modeling program. In this article, we will consider the options for modeling classes in the 2nd junior group.
What is the use of plasticine modeling?
The younger group includes pupils from three to four years old. As a rule, children at this age are inquisitive and grasp everything on the fly. Modeling classes in the 2nd junior group contribute to the comprehensive development:
- develop fine motor skills;
- affect the nervous and visual systems;
- develop imagination and creativity;
- in the process of modeling, children learn to combine colors;
- have a calming and therapeutic effect: the child becomes more assiduous, patient and persistent.
Purpose of class
BesidesThe fact that working with plasticine can captivate kids and diversify their activities, this process has a pedagogical function. Kindergarten specialists in modeling classes in the 2nd junior group pursue the following goal: to develop artistic perception, aesthetic feelings, imagination, and creativity in pupils.
Each preschool institution has a specific modeling program. Despite the fact that there are different topics for modeling lessons for the 2nd younger group, they are united by the same tasks that can be grouped:
- Educational: builds social skills, makes people want to help others.
- Developing: develops fine motor skills, imagination and creativity.
- Educational: help to systematize knowledge about the texture and color of an object, exercise in rolling plasticine and connecting parts.
What you need to prepare for class
Any modeling lesson in the 2nd junior group includes:
- Separate workplace. It should be well consecrated and permanent so that the baby learns to keep his desk and objects clean.
- Board. It can be plastic or wooden.
- Plastic knife and special extrusion molds.
- Aprons and sleeves are needed in order not to stain clothes.
Next, some of the most popular abstracts of modeling lessons in the 2nd junior group will be consideredamong MDOU.
Introduction to plasticine
At the first lesson, it is advisable to familiarize yourself with the main subject in the work. The purpose of the lesson is to get acquainted with plasticine, its properties and various techniques, as well as to form interest among preschoolers. For work you will need:
- pieces of soft plasticine in various colors;
- baby legs and board.
- Show the plasticine to the children and repeat the names of the colors with them. Educator: Look, this is plasticine. It is soft, comes in a variety of colors, and can be molded into beautiful crafts.
- Show how to cut plasticine with a stack. Educator: Look how many pieces we got. Let's count them.
- Teach kids how to squeeze and knead the plasticine with their fingers, thereby giving it a variety of shapes.
- Give students time and opportunity to play with clay.
It is with this exercise that teachers advise starting modeling classes in the 2nd junior group. At the end of the lesson, say that in the next lessons you will begin to create beautiful figures and crafts from plasticine.
Thanks to this lesson, children will get acquainted with musical instruments, in particular, with a rattle, learn its structure and hear the sound. For the modeling lesson "Rattle" for the 2nd junior group you will need:
- musical instruments available in the music corner;
- phonogram of any classical piece of music and crying baby;
A fragment of a musical composition sounds at the beginning of the lesson, preschoolers listen. Teacher: Children, did you like the music? How do you calculate where it comes from (Answers).
That's right, well done. The melody is created with the help of musical instruments. On the table are a pipe, a tambourine, a metallophone, a drum, rattles and other instruments. Educator: Guys, what are these objects called? After the kids have given the correct answer, the teacher shows the rattle with the words: “Children, do you know what it is? That's right, it's a rattle! Most likely, such a little thing was your first toy. The teacher shows a rattle, highlighting two parts (a pen and a ball), the kids listen to how it sounds.
Suddenly a child is crying from the crib, the teacher comes up to her with the children and sees the doll.
Educator: Look, a small child is crying. What do you think can be done to calm him down?
Children begin to call her, and the crying of the child stops, then the teacher invites everyone to make their own rattle. The teacher asks the children to sit down in their places and shows the kids step by step how to make a ball, roll out a pen and connect these objects together. On the table, each child has everything necessary for modeling, and they get to work, repeating after the teacher.
Summing up the results of the modeling lesson in the 2nd junior group, the teacher notes the following: today we have done a greatwork - we got acquainted with musical instruments, learned that a rattle consists of a ball and a handle, and also made such a toy ourselves.
Cookies for dolls
We propose to consider a summary of the modeling lesson for the 2nd junior group "Cookies for a Doll", aimed at the artistic and aesthetic development of preschoolers.
- modeling board;
- groats (buckwheat or peas are best).
Educator: Children, look who came to visit us. This is a doll, her name is Masha. She bought delicious cookies in the store for her brother Sasha, but on the way she dropped it and lost it. Now Masha has nothing to treat her little brother. I propose to help the doll - let's all cook beautiful cookies together. To the positive answers of the kids, the teacher continues: First, let's remember how to roll a ball of plasticine. After that, put a lump between your palms and press it down. Show me your index fingers. With the help of this finger, we need to make small indentations on the resulting cake in different places. Well done! It remains only to decorate our cookies with the help of cereals, which are poured into plates. Then the children themselves decorate their dish, the teacher helps only if necessary.
Educator: Well done! What a beautiful cookie! Let's put it on a common plate and treat the Masha doll. In gratitude, the main character waves to the children.
Immediately before the lesson on modeling "Kolobok" for the 2nd junior group, it is necessary to read this fairy tale to the pupils and talk with them using the illustrated images.
- characters for the fairy tale.
Teacher: Guys, look who came to visit us today. It's Kolobok! How did you end up with us?". And Kolobok sang a song from a fairy tale (the teacher in the course of the song shows the characters that the main character met along the way).
Educator: Gingerbread man, how brave and dexterous you are. We invite you to play with our guys. Children get up and the teacher conducts a physical minute:
Grandmother kneaded neither rolls nor pancakes (we clasp our hands in a castle, in a circular motion left and right), took out of the oven (raise our hands up, spread them apart and lower them down) neither pies nor kalachi (hands on the belt, turn torso left and right), as I put it on the table (squat), he left his grandmother (we jump in place), who jumps without legs? (clap hands), this is a yellow Gingerbread man. (raise hands up).
Teacher: Look, our bun is sad about something. What happened to you?
Kolobok: The guys here are so friendly, they play and have fun together, but I have no friends, so I'm bored.
Teacher: Don't be sad, Kolobok, we will help you. Guys, let's make friends from plasticine for Kolobok, who look like him. After that, the children take their seats.
The teacher shows the kidsKolobok: Guys, what shape is the bun? And what color? Now let's start sculpting. In order for the plasticine to become soft, it must be kneaded in the hands. We break off a small piece of yellow, put it on the palm of our hand, hold it with another pen and roll it out in a circular motion, depict a mouth and eyes. After the children cope with the task, the teacher says: Guys, what a great fellow you are! Your Koloboks turned out so beautiful.
Summary of the "Snowman" modeling lesson for the 2nd junior group
For this tutorial you will need the following equipment:
According to the complex thematic planning, this modeling lesson is held in the 2nd junior group in January.
Educator: Children, today we received a letter from an unknown sender. Take it in your hands, what is it? Children: Cold. Educator: Why do you think it is cold? Children: Because from the cold, frost. Teacher: Are you wondering what's inside? Let's read (opens and reads the letter): "Dear guys! I really want to be friends with you. Snowman." Educator: Do you know who the Snowman is and why he is called that? Children: Because it is made from snow.
Educator: Let's make a Snowman from plasticine today. What shape is it?
Educator: The snowman consists of three parts: a large, medium and small ball (shows figures). Children, what should we start sculpting with?
Educator: Take a large lump of plasticine, put it on the palm of your hand and roll it in a circular motion. So we got the first big part of the snowman. Then we take a smaller ball and roll it in the same way - we get the middle ball. Now it remains for us to take the smallest lump and make a head out of it. After we have three parts ready, we take a large and medium lump and connect them together. Then we press a small lump to the already finished body of the snowman.
With the words "We rolled up three lumps, made a Snowman", the teacher demonstrates the finished product and asks: Guys, what else can we add to our friend?
Children: Nose, eyes, mouth, hands.
Educator: We will make eyes and a mouth from cereals, hands from thin branches, and a nose from orange plasticine.
By the end of the "Snowman" modeling lesson in the 2nd junior group, the teacher puts the Snowman in the center, and the little ones around him and adds: "Snowman, look at what beautiful friends our guys made for you."
As a demonstration material you will need: airfield layout, toy plane, chest or box. For the modeling lesson "Airplane" in the 2nd junior group, the following handout is required:
Modeling an "airplane" for the 2nd junior group involves the following steps:
Educator: Children, what do you think is in this chest? (Answers of children). There is a toy, and what exactly - you will know whenguess the riddle: Not a bumblebee, but buzzing, not a bird, but flying, it does not nest, it carries people and cargo. (plane)
Educator: Well done, you solved the riddle. Do you know poems about the plane? Let's tell together (reads Agnia Barto's poem "Airplane"). Do you want to fly it?
Educator: Then I propose to make your own plasticine plane.
Children take their seats, and the teacher continues: In order for us to get airplanes, we first need to carefully consider it: it has windows, a cockpit, a tail, wings and a body.
Educator (demonstrates and pronounces each step of his work): We divide a piece of plasticine into two parts, one of which is slightly larger than the second. From the pieces we sculpt two columns, working with straight palms back and forth. From a large column we will make the body of the aircraft, the end of which we lift up to get the tail. We will make wings of their small column, for this we lightly press it and attach it to the body. Here's a plane I got, now you try to repeat.
In order to organize the modeling of an airplane for the 2nd younger group, during the lesson, the teacher approaches each kid and, if necessary, prompts. At the end of the modeling, the children play with their planes, and then put them on the airfield.
For class you will need:
- roly-poly doll;
- toy pictures;
- children's phonogramcrying.
Lesson "modeling Tumblers in the 2nd junior group":
Educator: Guys, look who came to visit us. Do you recognize her?
Children: It's a tumbler.
Educator: Say hello to her. Do you know how she dances? Let's get up and repeat the movements after her.
The teacher swings the toy and spends a physical minute: we are funny cuties (put our hands on our belts, sway to the sides), miracle dolls are tumblers (we continue to sway) we dance and sing (squat), we live very well (jump on the spot).
The teacher turns on the soundtrack, and Tumbler's crying is heard in the room.
Educator: Children look, Tumbler is crying. Why are you crying? Do you feel bad for us? (referring to the toy).
Tumbler: I have a lot of fun with you, but you all will soon disperse, I will be left alone and I will get bored.
Educator: Poor Tumbler! Guys, let's help her and make girlfriends for her.
Educator: And who will tell me what parts it consists of?
Children: She has a head, torso and arms.
Educator: What do these body parts look like?
Educator: That's right. Now let's get to work.
The teacher demonstrates and voices each of his actions. To begin with, we divide the plasticine into two parts. To do this, take a knife and divide the block of plasticine in half. One of the halves will become the body. We divide the remaining half into two equal parts - we will make the head. The last piece is again divided in half for pens. Look, we havewe got the details for creating the Tumbler. Tell me, what are we going to sculpt from the largest piece? (torso). What about medium and small? (head and arms). Who remembers how to sculpt the head and torso, we already sculpted a snowman with you. Show me with your hands (show the movements of the hands in the air). After that, the teacher sculpts the Tumbler from the prepared materials.
Educator: Look how beautiful Tumbler turned out. What color is she? Now let's pick up plasticine, divide it into parts and make girlfriends for our Tumbler. But first, let's do a warm-up: we press our hands tightly and rub our palms, rub them hard, hard, let them warm up.
Children get to work, if necessary, the teacher helps.
Educator: So the girlfriends for the Tumbler are ready. Look how pretty they turned out. The roly-poly is happy and wants you to dance with her.
Educator: What good fellows! It's time for us to go, let's say goodbye to her together!
It is worth noting that modeling plays a huge role in the development of children. In addition, when working with plasticine, certain points on the fingers and palms are massaged, which are associated with the part of the brain responsible for intelligence. Thus, modeling in the 2nd junior group lays the foundation for mental development, has a positive effect on visual memory, and has a calming effect on the nervous system. By the way, regular modeling classes in the 2nd junior group help hyperactive children become calmer andassiduous.