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Principles, methods and goals of patriotic education of children
Principles, methods and goals of patriotic education of children
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When raising a child, it is important that he learns to appreciate and love his homeland. Although today patriotism is not so popular among the younger generation, parents of younger preschoolers and children who are already studying in an educational institution should pay attention to this aspect. It is equally important that teachers devote enough time to issues related to the history of their country.

Big family

The goal of patriotic education is to create a civilized society in which citizens will respect each other. It is important that children understand what the historical heritage is and how much the Motherland has done so that the current generation can live well.

The goals of patriotic education are, first of all, that little citizens learn not to hate other countries, but to love and appreciate their own. This great feeling is formed from the earliest years. Therefore, let's take a closer look at this important topic.

What is patriotic education

Love for the motherland implies respect for one's fellow citizens, the people. The goals of the patrioticeducation of youth lies in the fact that parents and teachers form in the minds of boys and girls empathy for what will happen to the Fatherland. It is also important that young people understand their responsibility and that they must do everything possible to make the country proud of them.

In order to achieve this, first of all, it is necessary to acquaint young men and women with vivid historical examples of heroism and how patriots at all times were ready to give themselves completely so that future generations live happily and do not need anything.

What is patriotism

Speaking about the goals of patriotic education, it is equally important to understand the very definition of this word. First of all, this means that a citizen is attached with his soul and heart to his native places, he is happy in the country in which he lives. It is noteworthy that, starting from the eighteenth century, patriotism was considered the most important part of the formation of the personality of the country's citizens. Thanks to the fact that children were taught patriotism from an early age, they developed a self-awareness in which the motherland occupied a huge place.

If we talk about the etymology of this word, then from ancient Greek it can be translated as "fatherland". Patriotism has always been a symbol of love for the motherland. If a person experiences this great feeling, then he will be ready to sacrifice even his own interests and desires for the sake of the prosperity of his beloved country and all future generations.

If we turn to the official documentation, then federal education includes standards related to the formation of the correctcivil relations. The same standards, which have been working for decades, say that patriotic education should begin not at school, but much earlier. The basic principles of citizenship are instilled in the child in his family.

Russian flag

Among the goals of civic-patriotic education, it is also worth highlighting the fact that a young resident of the country should respect the elderly, war veterans, nature, animals, etc. All this is part of his Fatherland.

What is included in the tasks

Of course, this is quite a broad topic. However, it is worth highlighting the main goals and objectives of patriotic education. In addition to love for the motherland, the child must understand what the generally accepted norms and rules are. It is also worth telling him about the most significant personalities and events in history. He must be familiar with the heroes of his country. Respect for the past of the Motherland is also important.

A young citizen must be tolerant and tolerant of the religion of representatives of other nationalities. Respect for any person is an important stage in the formation of personality. Do not forget that a small citizen should be aware and well aware of his own rights.

The structure of education

Having decided on the main goals of the patriotic education of children, it would be fair to consider the process of forming the personality of a citizen. If you turn to official documents, you can build a certain algorithm. First of all, parents and teachers use socalled patriotism. It implies basic knowledge about the Motherland. The child should familiarize himself with the main stages of the story. He can get this knowledge both in the family and at school.

At school

After that comes the patriotic awareness. The child processes the received data and expresses his own attitude towards patriotism. It is very important that at this stage he correctly assesses the situation and draws the necessary conclusions. When he learns to identify himself as a citizen of his country, he will be ready for the next step, which involves patriotic activity. This means that the child begins to accept his responsibility to the Motherland and takes the first steps towards helping her.

Goals of military-patriotic education

In this case, we are talking about the fact that the younger generation should set themselves quite serious tasks. Like centuries ago, the state needs strong, enterprising and highly developed people who are able to work for the good of their Motherland and, if necessary, defend it. At all times, military-patriotic education was extremely important. Few people know that even today there are state clubs in cities where young people can communicate with veterans and learn about their role in the formation of the Motherland.

Also today, military sports camps and search teams continue to develop, where young people can learn very important and necessary things. Great responsibility to ensure that growing boys and girls understand their importance forMotherland, falls on the shoulders of teachers and educational institutions in general. Although at the moment there are not enough specialists in military history in the cities, this does not mean that parents themselves cannot get acquainted with the goals and objectives of patriotic education, and in the future pass on the knowledge gained to their children. You need to understand that the child must be ready for any situation, not only in peacetime.

School education is also of great importance.

The goals of patriotic education in school: the role of the teacher

Each teacher should understand what a colossal responsibility falls on him. Teachers should prepare future defenders of the Motherland. But in the modern world, this is not so easy to do. Only a highly qualified person is able not only to correctly understand the goals of moral and patriotic education, but also to properly present them to the younger generation. Therefore, teachers and educators are encouraged to periodically attend specialized seminars and communicate with more experienced colleagues.

Map of Russia

When educating patriots, much attention is paid to the organization of museums, expositions, circles and other events in educational institutions that will help children better understand their purpose, as well as the goals of patriotic education. It is recommended to involve schoolchildren in gathering information, visiting or creating thematic expositions, etc. Over time, all the data obtained will begin to develop into love for the motherland.

Formspatriotic education

If we talk about how to achieve the goals announced earlier, then in this case there are several useful recommendations. For example, it is worth conducting more educational activities. The child will be interested in the symbols of the state. Every little patriot should know what the flag of his country looks like and what abbreviations are most often found on the most important documents. It is important that children know the peculiarities of their region, what climate prevails in it, relief, etc.

It is desirable to acquaint the child with the customs and cultural heritage of his native city. He must know who lived here before. To do this, it would be useful to visit the local history museum and other useful expositions.

It's worth going out with your child more often and telling him how he should behave in the forest, that he has no right to pollute the environment. A child should love his land and do everything to improve it.

Relationship with parents

Love for the Fatherland begins with instilling respect for the family. Therefore, we can say that the goal of the patriotic education of preschoolers is also that they know how to appreciate their relatives. For example, you can organize an exhibition in which children have to present their drawings of the family. Topics must be relevant. For example, you can call the exposition "My mother is the kindest" or "My father is the best." All this will instill respect for parents.

In water

Features of introducing a child to patriotic education

Obviously, childhood is thea period when you least want to think about global things. The carefree existence of a child, of course, should not be overshadowed by the heavy and serious topics of patriotic education, the goals of which are so important for our future. However, we must not forget that it is at this moment that the formation of personality takes place, so you need to put in it the right thoughts and desires.

That's why a parent shouldn't ruin a child's happy time too much. You need to act unobtrusively.

Careful attitude

To develop this feeling in a child, you need to teach him from a very early age to take care of his things. He must understand that scattered toys are more likely to break, and if animals are mistreated, they will never trust him.

Reading with a child

A child should appreciate books. Although today all children prefer tablets and games, it is necessary to find a way and interest the child in reading. You can visit the library with him and explain that some of the works are simply impossible to find on the Internet.

Create your projects

Even simple blocks and a construction toy will help to instill in a child the feeling that if he creates something with his own hands, then this causes much more pride than finished products. You need to ask the child to build a house. After he recreates the building, it is worth “populating” the toys in it and telling the child how grateful they are.

This will help to lay the right norms and morals in the child's head. He shouldn't rely on everything.on others. The child will understand that a lot depends on his work. And let toys live in his house now, sooner or later he will be able to do something good for his fellow citizens.

Respect for food

It is worth teaching a preschooler how difficult it is to grow wheat, process it and bake it. The next time he wants to throw away the bread, he will think a few times about how disrespectful it is to those who tried to make it. And if some part is stale, then it is not necessary to send it to the trash. You can make a bird feeder with your child and invite him to feed the hungry birds.

It is worth buying fresh hot pastries more often and enjoying its aroma with your child. This is the smell of his homeland, the wheat that grows on his native land. All this gradually teaches the child to love and respect people and their country.

Studying a butterfly

Parents are encouraged to talk about their work. How much benefit it brings and how important it is for everyone to find something to their liking. Then everyone will prosper.

The more mother and father interact with a preschooler, the easier it is to grow a real patriot out of him, who will not be ashamed to call himself that. These are the most important goals for mothers and fathers, as well as school teachers and other professionals.

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