Dyspepsia of pregnancy is a common digestive disorder. It is faced by many women during the period of gestation. Pathology is accompanied by many symptoms. Dyspepsia in expectant mothers can be both physiological and pathological in nature. A woman should know how to get rid of this condition, as well as consult a doctor in a timely manner to avoid serious consequences of the disease.
Main causes of development of violations
Dyspepsia in pregnant women can occur at any time during pregnancy. This disorder is a common sign of toxicosis. There are two groups of causes that provoke pathology. Physiological factors include:
- Hormon imbalance.
- Increasing the concentration of hydrochloric acid.
- Increased stomach acid.
- Speed up metabolic processes.
- Increased uterine pressure onorgans of the digestive system (stomach, liver, gallbladder, intestines).
- Sedentary lifestyle (especially in late pregnancy).
- Having multiple fruits.
- A large embryo.
Pathological causes of dyspepsia in pregnant women are explained by various diseases.
- Acute diseases of the digestive tract.
- Defects in the formation of the digestive system.
- Malignant neoplasms.
- Pathologies of the liver and gallbladder ducts.
- Chronic ailments of the digestive system.
- Severe allergy.
- Infectious pathologies of the gastrointestinal tract.
In addition, dyspepsia can develop as a result of the influence of the following factors:
- Presence of depression.
- Imbalance of the intestinal microflora, for example, due to long-term use of antibiotics.
- Incorrect use of medications that adversely affect the stomach (such as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs).
- Harmful working conditions.
- Bad environmental situation.
- Bad habits (alcohol abuse, smoking).
- Lack of vitamins.
- Psychological overload.
- Genetic predisposition.
What is pregnancy dyspepsia? What's this? Symptoms characteristic of thisdiseases include:
- Discomfort in the peritoneum.
- Heartburn. This phenomenon occurs, as a rule, for a period of thirty weeks or more. However, in some cases it is observed at the very beginning of pregnancy. Burning in the chest area occurs due to the reflux of gastric juice into the esophagus. Heartburn does not disappear for a long time if the woman is in a horizontal position. As a rule, such a symptom appears after eating fatty, fried and sour foods.
- Feeling sick.
- Increased formation of gases in the intestines, which is accompanied by colic, seething in the abdomen.
- Chest discomfort.
- Bouts of vomiting (a sign of dyspepsia in pregnant women, which usually disappears by the fourth month of gestation). In case of violations of the functions of the gastrointestinal tract, such a symptom accompanies the expectant mother until the moment of delivery.
- Feeling full in the stomach, even after eating a small amount of food.
- Frequent bouts of belching accompanied by abdominal cramps.
- Intestinal disorders (constipation or loose stools).
- Feeling of weakness, increased fatigue, pain in the head.
When do these symptoms begin?
These signs usually do not bother the expectant mother during the entire period of gestation. They occur either at the beginning of pregnancy, or in the later stages. As a rule, if a woman did not suffer from this disease before conception, after delivery, the symptoms of the pathology disappear.
Dyspepsia withpregnancy, like any other disease, negatively affects the unborn child.
Therefore, a woman needs to carefully monitor her he alth at all stages of gestation. In the absence of adequate therapy, various complications may occur, for example:
- Significant weight loss.
- Loss of appetite.
- Bleeding from the stomach.
- Hypotrophy of the embryo.
- Disturbances in the growth and development of the fetus.
- Intoxication of mother and unborn child.
- Preterm delivery.
The cause of dyspepsia in pregnant women may be a chronic pathology of the digestive system. In this case, during the period of bearing a child, the underlying disease progresses. To get rid of unpleasant symptoms, a woman needs to see a specialist.
If dyspepsia is suspected, a pregnant patient is recommended to undergo diagnostics, which includes:
- Examination, palpation of the abdominal organs, questioning the expectant mother about her condition.
- Analysis of biological material (blood, feces).
- FGDS, colonoscopy.
- Determining the level of stomach acidity.
- Ultrasound examination of the abdominal organs.
- Analysis for the presence of Helicobacter.
There are many drugs that can save the expectant mother fromdigestive disorders.
In case of dyspepsia of pregnant women, the treatment consists in the use of the following medicines:
- Antacids. These are drugs that help reduce the acidity of gastric juice.
- Simethicones (for example, "Espumizan").
- Anspasmodics ("Duspatalin", "Papaverine", "Riabal").
- "Maalox", "Almagel Neo".
- "Pantoprazole", Omeprazole".
- "Famotidine", "Ranitidine".
- Means that reduce the production of hydrochloric acid.
- Drugs that have a laxative effect ("Lactulose", "Normaze", "Duphalac", glycerin, kelp).
- "Hilak Forte", "Lineks".
- Means to improve liver function (hepatoprotectors).
- choleretic drugs.
- Sorbents ("Polysorb", "Enterosgel").
Drugs should be taken only after consultation with a specialist. In addition, in case of dyspepsia, pregnant women must follow a clear diet.
You need to stick to the right diet, do not neglect moderate physical activity.
Each expectant mother must register with a gynecologist no later than twelve weeks, regularly come to an appointment withdoctor. In case of he alth problems, a woman is assigned additional examinations. If dyspepsia occurs during pregnancy, treatment should be started as soon as possible to avoid the development of complications that are dangerous for both the mother and the embryo. How to prevent dangerous symptoms?
It is necessary to remember the following preventive measures:
- You should stop wearing clothes that are too tight.
- It is necessary to devote time to moderate physical activity (thirty minutes after eating). Yoga is recommended to maintain good he alth. In addition, experts advise expectant mothers to take regular walks in the fresh air.
- Avoid psychological stress.
- Try to stick to fractional meals (up to five times a day, in small volumes). Vegetables, fruits, dairy products, cereals should be included in the diet.
- Refuse fast food, processed foods, spicy, smoked, fatty, pickled, fried foods, chocolate and confectionery, tomatoes, too hot food and drinks, coffee and cocoa. Limit beans, peas, cabbage and other foods that increase the fermentation process in the intestines.
- Exclude alcohol products, smoking.
- Keep head above body level while sleeping.
- Promptly seek medical attention if you have he alth problems.
- In the presence of chronic pathologies, endoscopic examination with a biopsy is notless than once a year.
- You need to drink enough fluids to avoid dehydration.
- Take vitamin supplements to improve your immune system.
- Don't eat before going to bed. At night, food is not digested normally, and this leads to a deterioration in well-being.
- Try not to use medicines that can negatively affect the functioning of the stomach and intestines.
- To prevent heartburn attacks, avoid bending over frequently during the day.