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Family. Family definition. Large family - definition

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Family. Family definition. Large family - definition
Family. Family definition. Large family - definition

In our world, the definition of "family" in the life of every person is ambiguous. Of course, first of all, it is a great source of energy. And a person who tries to separate from it is most likely doomed to failure. In practice, no matter how tired our relatives are, if something happens, they will be the very first to come to the rescue, share your failures and help out if necessary.

Family: definition of family

There are many interpretations of this term. According to S.I. Ozhegov's dictionary, this is a group of relatives living nearby.

definition of the word emya

It is also a small social group, interconnected by joint housekeeping, emotional closeness, mutual rights and obligations towards each other.

This group of people also reacts to the positive and negative changes that occur in society, since it is an integral part of it, it changesand develops at the same time. Naturally, in turn, each individual family can exert its influence on its development. The definition of the family as a unit of society is a priority. Its influence on the processes occurring in it increases many times over. And the functions of the family, the definition of which is reduced to such as demographic, economic, social and, of course, cultural, are inseparable from society. They all make this connection more monumental.

What rights family members have, the definition of their duties is regulated by the relevant law.

Both society and the state are interested in a prosperous existence. In addition, it can be noted that they influence each other, which is mutual. The family has the right to a separate existence with its own customs and values. The great potential that affects all development processes lies precisely in it.

Family Origins

Applying the definition of the word "family" to primitive society, F. Engels outlined the circle of people between whom sexual relations were allowed. In such a society, the main reason that interfered with the conduct of a common economy was promiscuity. As a result, there was a threat to the preservation of the public, it became forbidden to have sexual relations with relatives. There was a certain norm of control regulating the relationship between a man and a woman. But marriage was still quite rare, often a man left a woman before the birth of a child.

family definition of family

In the process of division of labor, marriage, familiar to our understanding, began to emerge. The very first manifestation of it was patriarchy. In the countries of the civilized world, only monogamous marriage is legal, but there are countries in which there is polygamy.

Social content can include both economic and psychological aspects. Since ancient times, economic ones were divided according to gender and age: it was necessary to support elderly parents and children who had not reached the age of majority. The basis of moral and social relations was the birth and upbringing of children.

Legal status of marriage

In the Russian Federation, the family (the definition of family is based on marriage) has a legal status. Based on this, the state can control activities and punish those who break the law. Legislative norms are based on the Constitution of the Russian Federation. Highlights:

  1. the rights between women and men are equal;
  2. democracy is a relationship that secures rights.

The current legislation regulating the procedure for dissolution of marriage has undergone a significant change. If there are no common children who have not reached the age of majority, and this decision is mutual, the marriage is dissolved in the registry office. The court can annul a marriage without clarifying the reasons, but at the same time it protects the interests of a minor child and determines how his maintenance and upbringing will take place. Under the Children's Rights Act, a childis a participant in family relationships, he has the right to express his own opinion, which will concern his life, he can defend his interests himself, including going to court.

The Family Code has also undergone major changes, especially the part about the property of spouses. The new code distinguishes between the legal and contractual regime of property ownership. As stated in the Civil Code of the Russian Federation, property that is acquired during marriage, regardless of whose name it is issued, is jointly acquired. The same code allows the conclusion of a marriage contract, determines what its content should be, under what conditions it can be changed, how it can be terminated, and how to declare it invalid. The contract can determine the ownership of the property as a whole or for each separately.

Family structure

Power can be built on the basis of economic or moral authority, and if we consider the structure in the traditional view, two types of family relations must be distinguished:

  1. authoritarian, when all functions are concentrated in the hands of only one family member;
  2. democratic, when spouses have equal decision-making rights.

Today, the second type, that is, equality, is predominant. Based on how it has developed in Russia, a woman, as a rule, runs a household, especially if there are young children. This is acceptable, especially in a traditional family, where the roles are distributed as follows: the man works, andthe woman does the housework and raises the child. What role in the family is assigned to a man often determines what role the son will have in the future.

There is a classification of families by type:

  1. Autonomous, that is, equality. Family decisions are made together.
  2. The leading role belongs to the husband. His understanding and attitude towards life itself is a priority for everyone.
  3. The leading role belongs to the wife, but the opinion of the husband is highly valued, each of the spouses has the right to make an independent decision.

The way of life and relationships, including with society, depend on the structure of the family. If there is a disruption of the structure, this may lead to a change in the functions of the members of the social group in question.

Problem family

The definition of it comes down to a violation of the relationship between parents and children. Due to improper upbringing of the child, deviations in his development occur.

dysfunctional family definition

Fears, emotional problems, depression, aggression, speech and movement disorders are what a dysfunctional family leads to.

The definition of the types of education in this case can be reduced to the following list:

  1. The child's neglect, that is, the lack of education. In such families, the child lives on his own, he does not receive love, affection from his parents, quite often goes hungry and even wanders. The reason for such a life is not materialprovision, but spiritual requests that were not satisfied.
  2. When a child has too much custody. Parents exercise constant control over every step: what he does, what he wears, what he says. There is also a system of bans. Such actions can lead to the inability of the child to make any decisions and the lack of his own opinion. Over time, a feeling of inferiority is formed, he cannot adapt to life. The thoughts and feelings he takes to be his own are actually the thoughts and feelings of his father or mother.
  3. The child is brought up by the idol of the family. Control also takes place here, but it is much more important that the child is released from everyday duties and placed in the center of attention. Such cases are most often found in an incomplete family. Often they do their homework for them, do some work, and in the future they make the same demands on their environment. They usually do not receive higher education, do not work in one place for more than six months, because they are not able to shift their desires in time and want their fulfillment right now.
  4. The child feels that he is a burden. Such children are always fed, clothed, but they do not receive love. Parents do not admit that they reject their child, this can be observed when a new child appears or when parents divorce and remarry. Less often, such cases occur with the appearance of twins, weather, or if the age difference is less than 3 years.
  5. A cruel attitude. It is connected with the fact that parents vent anger for theirfailures on the child and punished for minor misdemeanors. Such relationships are usually hidden from prying eyes, and they happen between all family members. There may not be scandals or scenes of violence in such families, but the principle of “counting only on yourself” applies here.
  6. High moral responsibility. Upbringing lies in the fact that parents make high demands on the child, and he must be the best in everything. The situation can be aggravated if he has a brother or sister, and the older one is burdened with taking care of the younger one.
  7. Controversial parenting. It occurs when mom and dad's demands are mutually exclusive.
  8. The upbringing of a child takes place without a family, that is, in an orphanage, a boarding school. These institutions cannot replace the mother, so children have problems with trust in the outside world, but those who are in these institutions with living parents are in a worse situation.

Modern family

Let's consider one more definition. The modern family is a community of equal partners. It differs from the traditional concept of past times and consists in a change in the emotional and psychological function. The relationship between children and their parents has been transformed, and for many people children are the main meaning of life. This complicates family life, and for good reason.

Incomplete family

This issue is quite relevant in the modern world, since people who do not have a relationship with a partner form an incomplete family. The definition can be formulated as follows:children who are brought up without one of the parents. In most cases, this complicates their material condition, and also deprives them of a full-fledged spiritual life that a family could give.

This is a small group with incomplete connections, it does not have traditional family relationships, such as "mom-dad", "dad-children", "children-grandparents". A woman who raises a child alone is called a single mother. Single-parent families can appear in the event of a divorce, the death of one parent or an out-of-wedlock birth.

incomplete family definition

In today's world, it occurs quite often, and it's hard not to pay attention to it. Every year their number is growing. The reasons can be varied:

  1. More divorces. Most often, children stay with their mother, and she has an incomplete family, and dad either becomes a loner, or returns to live with his parents, or remarries. The main factor in divorce is the weakening of family values.
  2. A large number of illegitimate children. The upbringing of the child from the moment of birth occurs only by the mother. Such a family always includes only mother and child. There are several categories of cases in which they decide to have a child without a father: consciously and involuntarily.
  3. Mortality among men. The main reason is that men have a much higher mortality rate than women.

One of the problems is the simultaneous combination of professional activities and parental responsibilities. In this regard, the mother is not always able to giveenough time for your child. In order for the financial situation to be at a high level, a woman has to shift the issues of upbringing to other people, thereby depriving herself of the opportunity to spend time with her child.

Mistakes that occur in the process of raising a child in an incomplete family:

  1. overprotection;
  2. removal from the educational process;
  3. actions preventing communication with the father;
  4. attitude towards the child, which manifests itself either in too much love, or in irritability;
  5. desire to make a child exemplary;
  6. detachment from child care and upbringing.

Children who grew up in an incomplete family, most likely, will not be able to create their own unit of society.

Different categories of the concept under consideration

Foster family. The definition is formulated as follows: this is a form of placement of children left without parental care, on the basis of an act of the guardianship authorities and an agreement between them and the parents who decide to take on the upbringing of the child.

foster family definition

Such parents and children who are given up for education are called foster parents.

There is also the concept of "young family". Its definition is as follows: it is the union of two young people who have been married for no more than three years, whose age does not exceed thirty years. If they have children, then the duration of the marriage does not matter.

young family definition

Depending on composition andfinancial situation, they are divided into several types: prosperous, full, social risk, student, underage mothers and conscripts.

Legal family. Its definition sounds like this: it is a set of several related national legal systems, which is based on the common sources of law, its structure and historical path of formation.

Large family

In Russia, there is a tendency to reduce the role of this category. The current society has become negative about such unions as a large family. The definition is quite simple: it is a unit of society that has more than three children. At the beginning of the century, the number of such groups of people accounted for the majority of the population of Russia. They were in different strata of society, both among the poor and the rich, this is due to the traditions of the people.

large family definition

Categories of large families:

  1. Conscious. It has strong family traditions.
  2. In the second marriage of one of the spouses, the birth of a common child in the presence of children from the first marriage. These two categories are classified as prosperous families.
  3. Often, parents lead an immoral lifestyle, drink, do not work, use their children in order to receive material and in-kind assistance. This is a dysfunctional large family.

Defining the problems of this union comes down to insufficient material security. The average monthly income per family member is very low. The main part of the family budget is spent on food, while the diet includes products such asfruits, meat, eggs and fish are practically not included. The budget of such families does not include the costs of cultural, sports, musical development of children.

The problem of getting a job is also relevant. If the mother does not work and the father is unpaid for a long period of time and child benefits are irregular, there is a problem with finding a job.

The problem of housing is also acute in our country.

The psychological and pedagogical problem lies in the fact that in such families children live in equal conditions, there is no shortage of communication, older brothers or sisters always take care of the younger ones. But due to the fact that parents, as a rule, work a lot, little time is left for raising children. The psychological climate here is difficult, and this affects he alth.

In conclusion, we can say that a huge number of children are born orphans, and their main dream is to find mom and dad. Unfortunately, those who have parents do not always treat them well. But it is they who will always help in difficult times, even if they know that they will not receive gratitude in return. What our ancestors invested in the concept of the word "family" (the definition of the family was given above), we need to appreciate and pass on to children.

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