The immunity of a woman expecting a baby is very weakened. Therefore, diseases of the oral cavity and larynx are not rare. Angina, stomatitis, colds - this is not a complete list of all infections that a woman has to face. Against the background of a weakened immune system, mucous membranes are easily affected, in the treatment of which antiseptic local preparations are usually used. But not all medicines are safe for women and babies.
"Geksoral" during pregnancy is considered a fairly harmless and effective drug in the fight against infections. As soon as there are any suspicions of the development of an infectious disease, you should immediately go to a specialist. The sooner treatment begins, the faster the pathogen will be eliminated, and, therefore, less harm will be done to the baby. So, a reliable assistant to a pregnant woman in the fight against bacteria, viruses and coldsbecomes Hexoral. Is it safe during pregnancy and how effective is it?
Characteristics of the drug
"Geksoral" refers to local antiseptic preparations. It has an analgesic and antibacterial effect, has deodorizing and enveloping properties. The drug acts on microorganisms that are the causative agents of fungal infections. The death of bacteria occurs due to the ability of Hexoral to destroy the cell membranes of pathogenic microbes and interrupt oxidative reactions. It is used to treat oral infections caused by Candida. It is also effective in the treatment of gingivitis, pharyngitis, tonsillitis.
Often during the bearing of a child, problems arise in the oral cavity: the gums bleed heavily, sores appear. The drug helps to cope with these problems. But it also has the disadvantage that it kills both harmful and beneficial microorganisms.
According to the instructions for use, Hexoral has the following medicinal properties:
It is available in the form of an aerosol, solution and lozenges.
Composition of Hexoral
The drug is intended for the treatment of diseases of the oral cavity and larynx, which are caused by fungi and bacteria. The active ingredient is hexetidine. Besides,Hexoral contains essential oils of anise, mint, cloves, as well as ethanol and levomenthol. The drug well envelops the tissues of the nasopharynx, sticking to them, and is practically not absorbed. Its active action lasts for 12 hours, and the effect occurs after 30 seconds.
Is it safe to use the drug during pregnancy?
Can I take Hexoral during pregnancy? This question worries many women. Currently, there are no clinical studies on whether the components of the drug pass through the placenta and whether they affect the child. The instructions indicate that it can be prescribed to a pregnant woman in situations where the result of treatment is more significant than the likely risks.
Taking Hexoral during pregnancy in the 1st trimester
In the first 12 weeks, the formation of all future organs, tissues and systems of the child. During this period, the woman's body gets used to the new state, there is a very high risk of spontaneous miscarriage, which is why any impact on the mother's body can lead to serious and dangerous changes in the formation of the baby.
For this reason, Hexoral is not prescribed during pregnancy in the 1st trimester. It is a powerful antiseptic drug that penetrates the bloodstream despite topical application. And since its effect on the fetus is not fully understood, doctors, as a rule, do not take risks.
Receiving "Gexoral" in the 2nd and 3rd trimesters
Starting from the second trimester, Hexoral is approved for use, butonly on doctor's orders. What form of the drug is better to use? Is it possible to spray "Geksoral" during pregnancy? Doctors, as a rule, during this delicate period of a woman's life prescribe a spray, it is considered the safest. During irrigation, the drug is evenly and strictly dosed distributed over the mucosa. In addition, its accidental ingestion and subsequent absorption are excluded. When using tablets and solution, the risk of penetration of the substance through the placenta to the fetus increases significantly.
Gexoral spray during pregnancy is the safest form of medication. But it must be used strictly according to the prescription of the attending physician. Irrigation is done, as a rule, twice a day, after meals. After the procedure, you can not eat anything for 2-3 hours. "Gexoral" for rinsing during pregnancy is used undiluted. Procedures should be done up to 3 times a day, after meals. It is very dangerous to swallow the drug. Once in the stomach, it is absorbed through the walls and penetrates through the placenta to the baby.
Hexoral tablets for resorption during pregnancy are used very rarely and only in extreme cases. Drink 1 tablet every 3 hours, maximum 8 times a day.
Spray, tablet or syrup?
So, which is safer - spray, syrup or tablets?
- Spray is available in bottles of 100 and 200 mg. It contains alcohol, essential oils, nitrogen compounds and some other components.
- The tablets contain benzocaine andchlorhexidine, in addition, menthol, peppermint oil, thymol.
- The composition of the solution includes alcohol, essential oils, water and other components.
According to the FDA, an organization that conducts research on the effects of drugs on a child during pregnancy, there are no data on the effect of hexetidine, which is part of the solution and spray. Benzocaine is categorized as "C" (there is a risk to the baby's he alth when using these drugs), and chlorhexidine is categorized as "B" (relatively safe drugs). This means that any dosage form of the Hexoral drug can be used during pregnancy, but only as directed by a doctor, following the correct dosage and rules of administration.
According to the instructions, indications for the use of "Gexoral" are inflammatory and infectious diseases of the pharynx and oral cavity. Namely:
- infection in the socket after tooth extraction.
It is also used as an aid in the treatment of colds.
When is medicine not prescribed?
Contraindications to Hexoral during pregnancy are:
- hypersensitivity to ingredients;
- erosion, ulcers and wounds of the oral cavity and pharynx;
- under 3;
- low blood levels of cholinesterase.
The medicine is used with extreme caution and accuracy in case of hypersensitivity to acetylsalicylic acid.
When using the drug, it is possible:
- development of allergies in the form of edema, cough, hives, shortness of breath;
- possibly poisoning if swallowed;
- with intolerance to components - an increase in body temperature;
- with prolonged use, there is a numbness of the tongue, a change in the color of tooth enamel and taste sensations.
It should be noted that these side effects are very rare: about 1 in 10,000 people. But if at least one of them occurs, you should stop taking the drug and consult your doctor.
Overdose of the drug "Gexoral" can lead to bradycardia, cardiac arrest. In case of poisoning with this medicine, induce vomiting and rinse the stomach. After that, it is necessary to take absorbents: activated carbon, Phosphalugel, Enterosgel. In addition, it should be remembered that the spray and syrup contain ethanol alcohol, which is contraindicated during pregnancy. If you experience dizziness and nausea after using the medicine, you should seek medical attention.
As already mentioned, the composition of the syrup and spray includes ethyl alcohol, which crosses the placenta and is absorbed into the blood. Even a minimal amount of it has a strong effect on the endocrine and centralnervous system of the baby, which can cause developmental pathology. In animal studies, it has been proven that the activity of the myocardium of a newborn is noticeably depressed if ethanol (in clinically justified doses) was used during its gestation. In addition, there are changes in the level of lactic acid in the blood of a newborn animal.
The instructions for use of Hexoral indicate that the solution is used undiluted. For the procedure, 15 ml of the drug is enough. Rinse your mouth after eating for 30 seconds. In addition, the solution can be applied in the form of applications by applying a cotton swab to the affected area. The duration of the course of treatment and the number of procedures are determined by the doctor. It is strictly forbidden to swallow the solution.
Aerosol is used for topical application. When treating areas, hold your breath to prevent the drug from entering the lungs and not to provoke bronchospasm. Irrigation with the drug should be carried out for 2 seconds, several times a day. The duration of treatment is determined by the doctor depending on the degree and severity of the disease.
Rules to follow before taking the drug:
- use spray and solution strictly after meals;
- rinse your mouth with warm water before starting the procedure;
- do not swallow the drug, it can lead to overdose and the development of serious consequences;
- solution does not need to be diluted;
- you can use the drug, starting from 2trimester.
Pregnant women are prescribed pills and spray only if the benefit is significantly higher than the likely risk of pathology in the baby.
"Geksoral" during pregnancy: drug reviews
Reviews of women indicate that the medicine is excellent for the first signs of sore throat and stomatitis. Some use Hexoral during pregnancy (from the 2nd trimester) as a well-acting pain reliever after treatment or tooth extraction. Women claim that the first signs of improvement are noted after several applications, and the final relief or complete recovery occurs after 4-5 days.
Some pregnant women in the 3rd trimester used pills (prescribed by a doctor), which, according to them, worked great for them. They say that the tablets are more convenient to use and do not cause a gag reflex, like an aerosol. Some women use Hexoral as a prophylactic drug during the acute season of acute respiratory viral infections, while they claim that aerosols are more effective than tablets.
Many pregnant women used the drug in the 2nd or 3rd trimester mainly as a remedy for stomatitis. At the same time, they claim that no deviations in the development of the child were observed. According to doctors, Hexoral is the safest drug during pregnancy, which successfully copes with inflammatory and dental diseases.
But there are also negative opinions that come downIn addition to the fact that the drug has a specific taste, an unpleasant aftertaste remains after application. Some women report having an allergic reaction after taking it. Others report that the aerosols cause dry throat, burning and nausea.
Instead of a conclusion
So, "Gexoral" is a drug that is effective in the treatment of bacterial and fungal infections of the pharynx and oral cavity. Its main advantage is safety for the child, so doctors often prescribe it to pregnant women, starting from the 13th week. At the same time, the Geksoral spray is considered the safest form. The risk of adverse reactions is minimal, but if they occur, it is necessary to replace the drug with an analogue after consulting a doctor.