Having a baby is half the battle. But raising a personality is a completely different story. Each parent has their own characteristics of the educational process. It is important that they are consistent with the goals and objectives of education and upbringing in preschool and school institutions that your child attends. In this case, the needs of the child's personality will be fully satisfied.
What is parenting?
Every person goes through a certain path of development. At some points this development is spontaneous, but often it is organized and orderly. Education as a process of personality formation is a purposeful and systematic impact on the spiritual and physical development of a person. This process is carried out through training, education and organization of human life.
Components of parenting
The process of raising a child is very difficult. That is why in this processmany instances take part: the individual himself, his environment, family, state educational institutions, educational institutions, the media, as well as development centers.
Features of the educational process
Like any process in the education of a child, upbringing has its own characteristics that distinguish this process from others:
- Purposefulness. Provides unity of purpose. The greatest effect of education is achieved when the child understands what they want from him, and the goal of education is close to him.
- Multifactorial. The unity of subjective (the needs of the individual himself) and objective (external conditions of development) factors.
- Hidden results. Achievements in the process of education are not as obvious as from training. Educated qualities can manifest themselves in adulthood. While the result of learning any skill is immediately visible.
- Duration. Raising a child is not a one day affair. This process usually takes the whole life of a person. First, he is subject to the educational influence of adults, and then he is engaged in self-education.
- Continuity. To achieve a certain goal requires systematic and constant work. Periodic education (from case to case) does not bear any fruit. After all, a person needs to start developing any habits anew every time. And since they are not supported by constant use, then they are not fixed in the mind.
- Complexity. Wholethe process of educational influence should be subject to one goal. The unity of goals, tasks, methods and techniques should be implemented. It is important to have a complex impact on a person (from all sides), since the qualities of a person are not formed one by one, but all at once: some to a greater extent, some to a lesser extent.
- Variability and uncertainty of results. In the same external conditions of upbringing, the results obtained in children may be different.
- Bilateral. There is a direct connection between the educational process (from the educator to the pupil) and feedback (from the pupil to the educator). For the most productive education, feedback plays an important role.
- Dialectic. It implies continuous development, dynamism, mobility and variability of the upbringing process. Dialectics also indicates the presence of internal and external contradictions in the educational process. Some can serve as an impetus to development, while others, on the contrary, can slow it down.
Targeted parenting structure
Education from the point of view of the target criterion implies the performance of a certain series of sequential tasks. The purpose of the educational process at school is aimed at:
- comprehensive and harmonious development of the personality, as well as its holistic formation;
- formation and development of moral and moral qualities;
- enrichment of knowledge in the fields of science, culture and art;
- education of life position, taking into account the democratic orientation of society, rights andhuman duties;
- shaping the inclinations and desires of the individual, taking into account his capabilities, as well as social requirements;
- development of cognitive activity that forms consciousness and professional orientation;
- organization of activities capable of cultivating the necessary qualities of a person;
- development of communication as an independent component of personality education.
Sequence of implementation of education
There are a number of stages in the educational process that he must go through in order to solve all the tasks.
- The first stage is mastering the knowledge of the norms. It implies the mastery of the pupil of the norms and rules of behavior. The formation of the behavior of the individual as a whole depends on this. In some educational systems, this moment is overlooked or considered that it is not so important for the formation of personality. However, this is fundamentally wrong. It is on behavior that the further upbringing of the child depends. The pre-revolutionary school was based on the rapid correction of behavior through the use of corporal punishment. The post-revolutionary school relies on verbal methods of shaping the behavior of pupils.
- The second stage is the formation of beliefs. The acquired knowledge about the norms and rules of behavior should develop into convictions (the understanding that it is impossible to behave differently). Correctly formed beliefs in childhood become the basis for further existence in society. Without these firmly established postulates, the process of educationwill have a weak and shaky character.
- The third stage is the formation of feelings. Human emotions are the human search for truth. Pupils perceive information through a string of feelings. It is the educators who skillfully varying them can achieve the desired result.
Fundamental moment related to all of the above stages and penetrating them is the activity. The implementation of the tasks of each stage is possible only through activity. The more time devoted to purposeful well-organized activities, the greater the effect will be obtained from education.
Connection and dependence of the components of education
A feature of the educational process is also the relationship between its components. It looks like this:
- planning the process of education and determining the goals and objectives that need to be addressed;
- provision of various activities that contribute to the upbringing of the child (material: labor, environmental; social: organizational and managerial, communicative, collective; spiritual: emotional-sensory, value-oriented, cognitive);
- control and management of interpersonal communication during various activities;
- summing up, analyzing completed tasks, developing a correction plan if necessary.
Sequence of pedagogical actions
The peculiarities of the educational process include a certain sequence of actions of the teacher in the formation of personalitypupil. This sequence is represented as follows:
- acquaintance with general norms and requirements (telling children of generally accepted norms and rules of conduct);
- formation of relationships (the formation of a child's personal attitude to the need to comply with certain rules and norms);
- development of attitudes and beliefs (creating situations that help strengthen relationships and turn them into beliefs);
- creating a general orientation of the personality (development of one's own sustainable behavior and habits that will turn over time into character traits that form the personality as a whole).
Happy parents - happy kids
Since the family is very important in the formation and development of the personality of the child, much attention is paid to this issue in the process of education.
The formation of certain habits in children in educational institutions should coincide and be reinforced by the family and at home. The contradictions between these two institutions of socialization nullify the entire educational process.
Modern parents are ready to pay any money to correct the errors in the behavior of their child. Fathers and mothers are ready to go to great lengths for the sake of comprehensive and harmonious development. However, they forget that it is the parents who instill the initial norms and rules of behavior. After all, you see, it is much easier not to make a mistake than to try to correct it later.
Sometimes parents cannot understand why a kindergarten, circles, sections, development centers, psychologists andpsychotherapists cannot help their child. And all because the results achieved in the classroom are not reinforced at home. For example, a child in kindergarten is taught to respect elders, and at the same time at home he sees his mother cursing and yelling at his grandmother. It's not for nothing that they say: "Happy parents - happy children." They learn everything from adults and parents act as the first visual aid.
The role of the family in education
The word "upbringing" has long been associated with the word "family". The function of the family in the field of education is the spiritual reproduction of the population. Education in the family, as well as in a preschool institution, is bilateral in nature, since not only children are brought up, but also parents. It is customary to distinguish three aspects of the educational function of the family:
- impact on the personality of the child, on the harmonious and comprehensive development of his abilities;
- the educational impact of the family team on each family member throughout his life;
- the influence of children on parents, pushing him to self-education.
One wise man said that a child needs less money and more attention. It's hard to disagree with him, because children are a blank slate that reflects everything that surrounds him.