2023 Author: Priscilla Miln | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-11-26 06:25
Every parent wants to raise a well-mannered person, an independent, outstanding, purposeful person from their child. This process is very complex and continuous. It must be understood that for development a child needs to learn a large amount of information, this child needs help. And help should begin at birth. The art of parenting is a process necessary for the future well-being of the child, his parents and society as a whole.
All educators and parents know that children learn best from others. If, for example, a child is told not to raise her voice when talking, but at the same time the mother herself constantly screams, then it is extremely difficult to convince the baby of the opposite.
Imitation of adults
At the subconscious level, the child develops a desire to imitate adults. In such a situation, misunderstanding often arises, a discrepancy between the required and the actual, which will constantly give rise to resistance. A competent approach to education helps to grow an independent, strong personality, and in the future to avoid many difficulties and problems. And to form a whole personality is an arteducation.
Educators, psychologists, philosophers, religious figures have their own views on this process. And often they are opposite. Today, in the world of a huge flow of information, it is very difficult to navigate and choose the right path. In addition to loving and accepting the child as he is, parents need additional knowledge:
- About the psychophysiological characteristics of different age groups. This is necessary in order to know what can be demanded from the child, and what is still too early.
- About the process of education in the family. Analyzing the traditions of your family, you can take out something useful and apply it to the child, or, conversely, correct some model of your behavior.
- It is important to understand that regardless of age, a child is an individual and not the property of the parents. Therefore, independence is brought up from an early age.
It is worth understanding: in the process of education there should be no contradictions when mom allows and dad forbids, or vice versa. This leads to serious internal mental conflicts that are not easy for a baby to deal with, and subsequently they result in serious problems for an adult. It is a mistake to believe that a well-mannered child is one who unconditionally obeys his parents.
The main task of parents is to help the baby become a personality, reveal his talents and life potential, and not make him a copy of himself. This is the art of raising a child.
The problem of modern education
Educators and teachers note that today parents have completely ceased to take care of children and be interested in their upbringing. To which parents indignantly answer that this is not at all the case, because we read all the necessary literature on education, sent the child to the sports section, to dances, we hire a speech therapist at home.
This is the problem of modern education: parents, trying to give the child all the best, do not notice how they shift their worries to strangers, while the foundation of personality is laid in the family. And in this area, it is impossible to shift all responsibility even to specialists: here you need to invest your own soul.
The Art of Parenting
The art of family education lies in the fact that the child must understand: he is loved not for something, but disinterestedly, regardless of success in school or in another field. It is clear to us adults that love for offspring is a matter of course, but they need to constantly prove it. The child requires constant attention and does it as he can: good or bad deeds, hooliganism or stubbornness. And here it is very important to understand that emotional comfort for a child is first of all. You do not need to evaluate the baby and his actions, he must be loved and accepted as he is.
Can love spoil a child?
If this is really love, then it cannot spoil the character of a child and grow a selfish person out of him. Parents who truly love their children will not indulge in whims and go toabout.
It is in the family that the child first gets acquainted with the concepts of "good" and "bad", gets an idea about life and how to act in a given situation. In the family, the child adapts to society, which is why it is important that the baby has sisters and brothers.
There is no universal advice for every family on how to properly raise children. After all, it is necessary to take into account the quantitative and age composition, the social level of each individual family. But there are some guidelines every parent needs to know:
- A child should be brought up in an atmosphere of love, warmth and goodwill.
- Baby, regardless of age and personal achievements, you need to love and appreciate him as a person.
- Children need to be heard and helped to develop their abilities.
- High demands can only be made on the basis of mutual respect.
- Often the problem lies in the behavior of the parents themselves, because children unconsciously copy loved ones.
- You can not focus on the shortcomings of the child, you need to concentrate on the positive aspects. Otherwise complexes develop.
- Any learning should be in the form of a game.
Makarenko insisted that parents should be very attentive to everything they say and do, and if they see that there is something in their life that can harm the upbringing of children, this something needs to be reconsidered, change and, if necessary, completelyrefuse.
"Pedagogy" - the word came into our lexicon from Greece, literally it translates as "child-rearing" or the art of education. In Russia, this concept appeared with the philosophical heritage of ancient civilization. Pedagogy as the art of education is part of the general process of age development. This science studies and instills:
Fundamentals of Pedagogy
The main task of adults is to pass on the accumulated experience to new generations. Pedagogy studies the upbringing of a person, regardless of age. Knowledge of this necessary science helps to choose the optimal solution for each specific situation. But only in practice can one answer what pedagogy is - art or science, although these concepts have long been united. A real teacher understands that without knowing science well, it is impossible to put into practice the art of education. And here the key point is love and respect for the growing person.
The art of education is the most complex invention of man. It cannot be separated from the process of getting an education, and it lasts the entire period of growing up. Educational tasks are multifaceted and extensive. It is in the process of learning that a student develops habits, professional skills, aspirations, needs that correspond or do not correspond to moral standards.
To this day pedagogic althe ideas of A. S. Makarenko are used in the development of educational issues and serve as an important source of useful information. Personality formation is a continuous educational process.
What is the art of parenting?
It is impossible to give an unambiguous definition. Scholars give different meanings to this concept. What is the art of parenting, in their opinion? This is one whole of many components, among which the most important are:
- he alth care;
- care for the material and spiritual well-being of the child;
- moral education;
- Tempering the spirit and sense of responsibility and much, much more.
The future of humanity is now playing in the garden, sitting at a desk. It is very naive, sincere and, most importantly, entirely in the hands of adults. How parents and teachers form children, so they will be in the future. And not only them, but the whole world in a few decades. The society that today's rising generation will build is being created by us adults.
Boris Mikhailovich Nemensky, a Soviet teacher, formulated this idea in this way: the school decides what people will rejoice at and what people will hate in 20-30 years. This is closely connected with the worldview of the future generation, which cannot be full-fledged if high morality is not brought up. Today, special attention is paid to the problem of practice and theory of the aesthetic worldview. After all, this is a means of both mental and moral growth, and hence the development of a spiritually rich personality. Therefore, the art of raising children is a multifaceted and difficult process that should be given special attention.
Pedagogical science states that it is the parents and their parenting style that determine how their child grows up. His behavior, attitude towards the world around him and society, his development as a person mainly depends on the situation in the family. In this case, we will consider one style - this is authoritarian parenting. How does it affect the formation of the personality of the child and what results does it lead to?
Many books have been written about the birth and upbringing of children. Experts around the world offer a wide variety of advice to help new parents. Which of them can be considered the most useful and how to raise a child correctly?
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