2023 Author: Priscilla Miln | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-11-26 06:25
The formation and development of the nervous system and brain begins long before the birth of the baby and does not end immediately after graduation. The active phase of development falls on the first years of life, when the child learns the world, he develops speech and improves the synchronous work of the two hemispheres of the brain. All parents would like to see their crumbs attentive, with a good memory, logic, quick wits. There is a separate science that is dedicated to the development and improvement of mental processes - this is kinesiology.
What does kinesiology do?
We all know that any action of the arms or legs first passes through the brain as impulses. This is confirmed by the well-known reflex arc of Pavlov. It is this connection between the brain and actions that the creators of the science of kinesiology took as a basis. They argue that both hemispheres of the brain can develop effectively through special activities - kinesiology exercises. After themlong-term performance, the result will please any parent, both a preschooler and a child attending school. Their main benefit is that the corpus callosum of the child's brain develops, stress resistance increases, fatigue decreases, and mental processes improve.
Classification of exercises of this science
Kinesiological exercises for preschoolers are simple, children can easily perform them. What are the types of developmental actions, what are they aimed at?
- At the beginning of the lesson, you need to set the child to work, so stretching is applied. They consist in the fact that children perform tasks for maximum tension and muscle relaxation.
- When the child is in good shape and tries to perform all the actions that he is told, breathing kinesiology exercises are applied. They contribute to the development of self-control in children, as well as the emergence of a sense of rhythm.
- Work to improve brain functions continues with the implementation of oculomotor actions. They help relieve muscle clamps in children, and also contribute to better interaction between the two hemispheres.
- After active development, you should relax, for this, exercises leading to relaxation are used. Muscle tension is relieved and the child relaxes.
Benefits of disciplined breathing for children's brains
Breathing is important not only in terms of physiology. Apart fromproviding oxygen to every cell of the child's body, it also helps to develop the arbitrariness of actions and self-control in the child. Breathing kinesiology exercises for schoolchildren are not difficult, but very useful.
"Blow out the candle"
The child imagines that there are 5 candles in front of him. First he needs to blow out one candle with a large jet of air, then distribute the same volume of air into 5 equal parts to blow out everything.
Starting position: sitting or standing straighten your shoulders, lower your head forward and close your eyes. Then the child begins to shake his head in different directions and breathe as deeply as he can.
The exercise is that children breathe with only one nostril. In this case, it is important to correctly position the fingers: the right nostril is closed with the right thumb, the left - with the little finger of the left hand. The rest of the fingers are always pointing up. It is important to breathe deeply and slowly.
Children standing take a deep breath, cover their nose with their fingers and squat. In this position, they mentally count to 5, then stand up and let out the air. The exercise resembles the actions of a diving swimmer.
Movement of eyes and body parts in kinesiology
A child with the help of this set of exercises can expand the field of vision, improve the process of thinking, memorization and speech development. Kinesiology exercises for children in general contribute to the activation of learning, not least synchronized eye movements.and language.
"Eyes and tongue"
Children take a deep breath, raising their eyes up, at this time the tongue also rises. Then exhale, returning to the starting position. The same is done during inhalation with the tongue and eyes in all directions, including the diagonals.
This exercise can be made easier by first using only eye movements, then adding breathing.
You need to take a pen or pencil in your right hand and draw a horizontal eight on a piece of paper. Do the same with the left hand. After that try to draw the drawing with both hands at once.
Against the background of rhythmic music, perform the following actions: step in place, accompanying each step with a wave of the hand. For example, when the left foot takes a step, the left hand also swings, with the right in the same way.
"The work of the hand"
Not all kinesiology exercises for preschoolers are easy. Children cannot complete some tasks, so work with hands comes to the aid of educators, speech therapists and psychologists. In addition, such actions develop fine motor skills of the hands, which means that more neural connections are formed between different parts of the brain.
The exercise is that the child should put his fist on the table, then put his palm on the edge, then put his palm on the surface. The task is worked out by hand one by one, then simultaneously.
Palms on the table performmovements: the right lies (down with the palm), the left is clenched into a fist, then vice versa. With each change in the position of the hands, the tongue moves to the right, to the left.
Tone and relax
In order for children to tune in to work and then after it rest both emotionally and physically, there are special exercises.
Normalization of tone: "Apples in the garden"
The child imagines that he is in the garden and is trying to pick a beautiful apple. To do this, he stretches his arms as much as possible when he "tear" the apple, takes a sharp breath and, bending down to the floor, puts the apple in the basket. Hands to use in turn, then together.
Kinesiology relaxation exercises: "Fists"
Bend your thumbs inside your palms, clench your fist. When the child takes a breath, the fists should be gradually compressed to the maximum. When exhaling, gradually open your palm (up to 10 times).
"Ice and fire"
The host commands: "Fire!", the children actively perform various movements. During the command "Ice!", the child freezes, strongly straining all his muscles. Repeat up to 8 times.
Benefits from kinesiology exercises
The benefits of these exercises are enormous. The child not only becomes quick-witted, active, energetic and self-controlled, his speech and finger coordination improve. Kinesiology exercises are widely used in speech therapy, psychology, defectology, neuropsychology, pediatrics, and pedagogy. Suchtasks not only develop neural connections, but also amuse children, giving them pleasure.
Finding literature with examples of various exciting physical minutes is easy. But those invented by a teacher or educator on their own, with a focus on the individual characteristics of their wards, will bring more benefits. Therefore, when thinking about certain pauses during the learning process, one should take into account the characteristic features of the pupils and their physical he alth
Identification and development of gifted children. Problems of gifted children. School for gifted children. Gifted children are
Who exactly should be considered gifted and what criteria should be followed, considering this or that child the most capable? How not to miss the talent? How to reveal the hidden potential of a child who is ahead of his peers in terms of his level of development, and how to organize work with such children?
Labor education of preschoolers in accordance with the Federal State Educational Standard: goal, objectives, planning of labor education in accordance with the Federal State Educational Standard, the problem of labor education of preschoolers
The most important thing is to start involving children in the labor process from an early age. This must be done in a playful way, but with certain requirements. Be sure to praise the child, even if something does not work out. It is important to note that it is necessary to work on labor education in accordance with age characteristics and it is imperative to take into account the individual capabilities of each child. And remember, only together with parents can you fully realize the labor education of preschoolers in accordance with the Federal State Educational Standard
TRIZ games for preschoolers are not just entertainment and not a separate training program. TRIZ is a theory of inventive problem solving, which was created to develop cognitive activity in children, motivate them to research and search for extraordinary solutions to the tasks
The clarity of pronunciation of speech sounds depends on the degree of development of the speech apparatus. Parents should not hope that their child's bad speech will one day "correct itself." Adults should and can help him master beautiful and clear speech. How to do it? Read in this article