What makes a family different from other small groups? Everything. This is the social unit of society, the basis of which is family ties and / or marital relations. But this is too short an answer. Better to make it more detailed.
The history of the emergence of this unit of society is what distinguishes the family from other small groups in the first place. It all started a very long time ago. At the end of the primitive communal system, to be more precise. That is, about 300 thousand years ago, when the era of the Middle Paleolithic reigned.
Initially, the family existed in the form of polygamy. This term comes from the Greek concept. This, if translated into Russian, group marriage, polygamy. A little later, the relationship evolved. And couples began to form.
It is worth noting that in primitive society there was a form of matriarchy in the family. Then it was normal that the mother, the founder of the clan and the ruler of the tribal community, dominated. She ledeconomy, regulated relations. However, this is a slightly different topic. But what distinguishes the family from other small groups is its history. This unit of society appeared before all the others. And that's a fact.
This is the second thing that distinguishes the family from other small groups. The functions of this unit of society are numerous and important. To begin with, it is worth listing the functions of a practical nature, and here are the ones that are usually distinguished:
- Household. Material needs are easier to satisfy if you do it together. A simple example: everyone needs an apartment. And if the newly-made husband and wife do not have housing, then together they will earn much faster on it than separately.
- Economic. Maintaining a joint household and budget, the distribution of responsibilities between two people greatly simplifies the existence of both of them. In addition, the norms of family life oblige each of the spouses to help and support each other, including financially.
- Joining efforts. Gediminas Navaitis, a well-known psychologist, liked to designate this function separately. He assured that every need that is satisfied by the family can be realized without it. But! Only the family makes it possible to satisfy them in a complex, which is much more convenient and practical.
As you can see, marriage is also an interaction. Not only useful, but also beneficial for both spouses. And let it be about what distinguishes the family from other small groups - joint activities and partnerships.makes it look like a small business. The main thing here is that the business approach does not turn the relationship into a chronic attempt to benefit from everything.
Emotional mutual satisfaction is what distinguishes the family from other small groups. And what is the best evidence for this? The presence of intimacy. Traditionally, only marriage provides for it. But this is not the main component, but only one of them. Also, the family is distinguished by the warmth, mutual understanding, love reigning in it. If this is not the case, behavioral and emotional difficulties arise. It is very important that family members satisfy each other's social needs: show sympathy and respect, provide support in difficult situations, and provide psychological protection. All of these are the foundation for a he althy relationship.
What makes a family different from other small groups? Leisure time sharing is the most important component. In this aspect, the recreational function is manifested. When spouses work together to restore their intellectual and physical strength after work, as well as jointly organize entertainment, this has a beneficial effect on the microclimate in their family.
Plus, a common hobby or passion gives an extra pleasant reason to be together more often. New topics for conversations and discussions appear, the spouses' interest in each other does not fade away, they are getting closer and closer and create new memories. In many couples, a joint hobby -it is a tradition that is great for strengthening marriage and constantly pushing for a better understanding.
Besides, we must not forget about the communicative function. In the family it is customary to communicate with each other. If at work employees of the enterprise can avoid close (or any) contact with each other because of mutual hostility, which, in principle, is not uncommon, then at home this will not work. Because this behavior is not the norm, but a problem. Or even an excuse to have a psychotherapy session.
Shared outlook on life and all aspects of life is what distinguishes the family from other small groups. The same preferences in clothes, food, music and films, the same perception of religion, the goals of existence, the identical setting of priorities … When spouses agree on everything, even in such trifles that we noted, it's amazing. And great. Because life with a like-minded person who can support you always and in everything is incredibly easy and brings only joy.
Of course, not every marriage has such a relationship. Spouses may not agree on some issues. But they don't have to be complete opposites either. Because there will be conflicts. And this is the most acute way of resolving contradictions concerning views, goals, interests and opinions, the methods of which usually go beyond the framework of moral rules and norms. Which is unacceptable. Especially in marriage, in a family where mutual understanding and respect should reign, as mentioned earlier.
This is the last feature that distinguishes the family from any other group. Initially, it stood along with the household. Children appear in many families, which entails the emergence of several more functions - educational, which implies the formation of the child's personality, and teaching, aimed at instilling certain skills in the "flower of life". And it is very important not to forget about it. Unfortunately, in modern society, some people, having fulfilled the reproductive function, forget about educational and teaching. And this is very bad, because children are a responsibility. If a child is born, then parents must do everything to make him a full-fledged, worthy member of society.