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Does the test show an early ectopic pregnancy?
Does the test show an early ectopic pregnancy?
Anonim

For every woman, pregnancy is a long-awaited holiday that can take place in different ways. For some, it proceeds measuredly and calmly, but for others, there may be all sorts of complications. Some of them do not pose a threat, being a kind of side effect of an “interesting situation”, while others, on the contrary, are dangerous, not only in relation to the child, but also to the woman herself. One of these may be the development of the fetus is not where it should be. In this regard, many people have a natural question: does the test show an ectopic pregnancy? After all, the sooner this pathology is detected, the better - measures will be taken in a timely manner.

Let's try to find out if this is possible, and at the same time get acquainted with some features of this dangerous phenomenon.

What is this?

Under normal pregnancy conditions after the egg has leftshe directs her birthplace to the fallopian tube, where she subsequently meets with the male germ cells. After fertilization has occurred, active cell division begins from which the embryo is actually formed. It moves along the fallopian tube and reaches the uterine cavity, where it is fixed in some place not in the wall. The fallopian tube journey lasts 7 days.

But it happens that a fertilized egg, for a number of reasons, is fixed not in the cavity of the genital organ, but in a completely different place, which is highly undesirable. In medical language, this phenomenon is called an ectopic pregnancy.

Does the test show an ectopic pregnancy?

Types of pathological condition

Before we figure out whether an ectopic pregnancy is shown on the test or not, let's consider what types of it exist. One type of pregnancy can be:

  • trumpet;
  • ovarian;
  • cervical;
  • abdominal.

Among all cases, tubal pathology occurs most often. In this case, the egg, after successful fertilization, again, for some reason, remains in the fallopian tube, and there is nothing left for it but to gain a foothold here. In medical practice, there have been cases when the egg safely reaches the uterine cavity, but due to certain circumstances it returns to the fallopian tube.

Ovarian pregnancy is rare, but no less dangerous. In some cases, male seminal fluid can enter the opened follicle, after whichfertilization occurs immediately. The egg is fixed here in the ovary. And here the most important thing is to make the correct diagnosis in a timely manner. Often, doctors confuse an ovarian pregnancy, mistaking it for a cystic formation, and prescribe an operation.

But what if it's a cervical ectopic pregnancy? Does the test show this? Certain symptoms, of course, are available, but about them a little later. In the meantime, a general idea of ​​\u200b\u200bthis pathology. After fertilization, the female cell, once in the uterine cavity, sometimes cannot be fixed on its wall. Then it slides down and reaches the neck of the reproductive organ. This type of pathology is most dangerous for women. And as for the fetus, its chances of survival are equal to zero. If this kind of pathology is detected, the woman is assigned an emergency operation, as a result of which the entire uterus is removed and a blood transfusion is performed.

Abdominal pregnancy is a rather unusual type of pathology in which a fertilized egg does not enter the uterine cavity, but behind the peritoneum. One can only guess why the female cell falls into the abdominal cavity.

Prevention of ectopic pregnancy

Where is the danger?

I would like to note right away that it is not so important whether the test will show the result in an ectopic pregnancy. It is much more important to understand how dangerous this phenomenon is. Regardless of its type, this pathological process poses a great threat to a woman's he alth. The danger lies in the fact that diagnosing such a phenomenon onearly timing is quite problematic.

The fetus develops outside the uterus in the same way and at the same rate as under normal circumstances. In this regard, the increase in the size of the child is a great danger to the body of a woman. At a period of 6-8 weeks, the fetus is already quite large, and if the egg was previously fixed in the fallopian tube, then by this time its rupture is not ruled out. This in turn leads to internal bleeding. What this threatens, it will not be difficult to understand:

  • The ovary stops functioning due to a ruptured tube.
  • Internal bleeding is often fatal.

For this reason, it is necessary to detect such a pathology in a timely manner. This will allow forced and necessary measures to be taken.

Perfect microworld

Can I keep my pregnancy?

Most women are not only interested in whether the test always shows an ectopic pregnancy. Many want to know if it can be saved? Sadly, the answer is unequivocally no. It is impossible to save such a pregnancy in any of its forms for a number of reasons. And above all, we are talking about the fact that a child cannot fully develop, and then be born under such conditions.

Due to the elasticity of the walls of the ovary, the fetus can develop, but the birth will take place by caesarean section. If the pathology is of the abdominal type, then the course of pregnancy is complicated by the fact that the blood supply to the fetus will be poor. At the same time, there is a very high risk of developing any anomalies.

But as for the cervicalpregnancy, then there are no options, and, as noted above, an urgent operation is performed, in which almost everything is removed: both the fertilized egg and the reproductive organs themselves.

Reasons for such a strange phenomenon

Does the test show an ectopic pregnancy before the delay? It is worth noting that scientists have been studying cases of ectopic pregnancy for quite a long time. According to many experts, the main reason for this phenomenon is the blockage of the fallopian tube and the violation of its functionality. Here we are talking about its reduction. And there may be reasons for this too:

  • Presence of inflammation in the tubes, ovaries, which can be caused by an abortion.
  • Hormonal disorders in the face of causeless delays in menstruation.
  • Hereditary pathology of the fallopian tubes.
  • Presence of tumors in the genitals.

It is worthwhile to understand one important point: the risk of such a pathological condition increases with each age of a woman. Thus, the risk group includes representatives from 35 to 44 years. But it is especially worth being attentive to those women who suffer from chronic inflammation caused by pathogens of mycoplasma, chlamydia, ureaplasma and other similar bacteria. Often they are also interested in whether an ectopic pathology is shown on the test.

This group may also include those women who have undergone treatment for hormonal or tubal infertility. In some cases, an ectopic pathology may be caused by an intrauterine device used for contraception.

General idea of ​​ectopic

Feature of tests

Almost every woman, at the slightest suspicion of pregnancy, goes to the nearest pharmacy in search of the cherished test, of which a great many have been implemented in our time. And for any preference, depending on the cost. There are cheap options and expensive ones, but the latter are distinguished by a higher degree of sensitivity. It is rare that instead of such tests, someone goes to the clinic to determine the fact of pregnancy.

The way tests work is pretty easy to understand. The female body, from the very moment when the fertilized egg was fixed, understands that a new life has begun to emerge. From that time on, he needs to properly prepare, and then the production of a special hormone begins - human chorionic gonadotropin. Does the test show an ectopic pregnancy?

The very fact of pregnancy will be established exactly if the procedure itself was carried out correctly. The test part of pharmaceutical products is treated with a special solution that reacts to this sex hormone. Pregnancy is determined by the presence of two bright stripes. One of them indicates the efficiency of the test, and the other indicates the presence of hCG.

The process of promoting the egg through the fallopian tubes is individual for each woman and can take from 3 to 7 days. In this connection, it is recommended to carry out the test no earlier than a week after sexual intercourse. In this case, the reliability will be maximum.

symptoms of an ectopic pregnancy

Show test orno - that's the question

Now it's time to move on to an important question for most girls and women: is it possible to determine an ectopic pregnancy using well-known tests? To some extent this is possible. The fact is that during the onset of normal and ectopic pregnancy, the same hormones are produced, but there may be a different degree of intensity.

If the pregnancy is ectopic - will the test show a positive result? Yes, of course, but at the same time, the second strip may be a pale shade. This may be due to the fact that after the embryo is fixed in the fallopian tube, the level of the hCG hormone is noticeably lower. This is especially noticeable in early pregnancy (2-3 weeks).

For this reason, if you test at home, you can find a weak second strip. At the same time, if you get tested a month or more after conception, then no matter where exactly the fertilized egg is fixed, the signs of pregnancy are exactly the same. At this time, the level of sex hormone is already quite high.

As experts note, the nature of the localization of the egg also affects the hormonal level. For this reason, pharmacy products may not detect an ectopic pregnancy.

two strips for ectopic

Special symptoms

When analyzing the question of whether the test will show two strips during an ectopic pregnancy, it is worth noting that such funds are an informative and effective research method, but every woman needs to listen to herself.

Ectopicpregnancy differs in its symptoms, which depend on the duration of pregnancy. Moreover, initially everything manifests itself as in a normal conception. That is, a woman develops weakness, increased urge to urinate. She becomes lethargic and her chest starts to hurt. Sometimes toxicosis sets in.

More characteristic signs of ectopic pathology begin to appear by 4-6 weeks:

  • Pain in the lower abdomen of a aching nature.
  • Presence of spotting.
  • Lower blood pressure.
  • Headache due to dizziness.
  • Fever.

With these signs, a woman needs to visit a doctor as soon as possible to make sure the diagnosis is correct. To do this, you need to conduct a general examination and a number of studies: a complete blood count, biochemistry, ultrasound.

As we now know, the question of whether the test strip shows an ectopic pregnancy disappears by itself. Of course, the very fact of motherhood will be discovered, but with the slightest suspicion (a weak line or uncharacteristic signs for a normal pregnancy), it is better to visit a doctor. And if the threat is confirmed, an urgent operation is required to remove the embryo. As sad as it is to realize, there is simply no chance of giving birth to a child under these circumstances. With the onset of 6-8 weeks, the pregnancy is terminated spontaneously, thereby causing internal bleeding. And what it threatens is already known.

After a successful outcome of surgery, a woman can still give birth, since the second ovary is preserved.A positive result can be considered those cases when the fallopian tube is completely preserved. Then the chances of getting pregnant again increase. However, sometimes during the operation it is necessary to remove the entire fallopian tube or some part of it. In this case, the chances of re-conception are 50/50.

How the operation is done

Does the test show an early ectopic pregnancy? The answer is unequivocal - yes. But this does not refer to the specific location of the fetus outside the uterus. It's more about the symptoms. As for the surgical intervention, this is done in the gynecological department. Recently, there have been significant changes in medicine, due to which many operations are performed by the laparoscopic method. In this case, instead of cutting the surface of the skin with a scalpel, several thin punctures are made through which all manipulations are performed.

As a result of this, the length of stay in the hospital is significantly reduced due to the rapid healing of punctures. In addition, no seams are formed. And their appearance is undesirable for the subsequent attempts of a woman to become pregnant.

Rehabilitation period

We think now the question of whether the test shows an ectopic pregnancy should no longer arise. After the operation, a woman needs a therapeutic course of treatment in order to restore and strengthen the body. After 7-8 weeks, you will need to undergo an ultrasound examination and will be prescribed biostimulant drugs.

A woman can get pregnant again no earlier than two months afterrecovery course. And only with the approval of the attending physician! There is still a chance that the functionality of the tubes (both or what is left) has been preserved, which is easy to detect using ultrasound. But sometimes laparoscopic diagnostics may be required to make sure that a woman is ready for another pregnancy.

It is worth noting that the removal of the fetus also causes hormonal changes in the body, as during pregnancy. In other words, at first the female body produces a large amount of the hormone, but then suddenly everything ends - for him this is also a kind of shock. In this regard, hormone therapy is often prescribed to a woman.

There are different opinions about taking such drugs. However, they are clearly not to be trusted. Nowadays, new generation drugs are being produced that help restore hormonal levels in the female body.

The most effective diagnostic

Prevention measures

In order not to bother yourself with questions about whether the test shows signs of an ectopic pregnancy, every woman should initially take care of herself. Without a doubt, this pathology is very dangerous, but you should not be afraid of this terrible diagnosis, since this can be avoided. To do this, each representative of the fair sex needs to carefully monitor their he alth. Moreover, you need to take care of this in advance, that is, even before planning a pregnancy.

First of all, every lady, without exception, needs to visit a gynecologist every6 months for the purpose of a preventive examination. If there is any pathology, the doctor will be able to detect it and prescribe the necessary treatment.

Useful in this regard is the experience of foreign countries, where, before getting married, people take various tests to check their he alth. Many sexually transmitted diseases from a man pose a serious threat to women.

Also, the importance of examination is due to the fact that due to benign tumors, the structure of the reproductive organs of the female body is changing. Therefore, it is highly undesirable to neglect preventive examinations.

With regard to whether the test shows an ectopic pregnancy, the reviews of many ladies confirm the duality. That is, on the one hand - yes, perhaps, on the other - it is unlikely. And only a trip to the doctor will put everything in its place.

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