The Burmese cat is one of the most beautiful in the world. The history of its appearance is covered with legends and rumors. It was believed that once these animals guarded shrines, and their very presence many times protected monasteries and objects of religious worship stored in them from looting by invaders and fires.
Even researchers of the history of the breed find it difficult to understand where the legends end and the facts begin, but even today the descendants of animals that were revered in antiquity make a huge impression thanks to their regal stature, grace and incredible calmness.
History of the breed
The exact age of this breed has not been established, and its origin is fanned by legends and conjectures. The first description of the Burmese cat breed dates back to 1898. Unusual animals were presented to August Pove and Russell Gordon. These people saved the Burmese temple of Lao Tsun from vandals and for this the heroes received a reward from the locals. However, they failed to bring these amazingly beautiful animals to Europe - they died on the way to England.
Significantlylater (1910) this breed was discussed again. Now a resident of the United States, the owner of a multi-million dollar fortune, Vanderbilt, has become interested in rare kittens. His trophy was Burmese cats stolen from the monastery. He gave them to Madame Trad-Haddish, the woman who brought the charming animals to France. There she gave the cat and the cat to Madame Bodon-Crevozier, who was the first to breed the sacred Burmese. The cat died, but the cat survived and gave birth to a lovely daughter, whom the breeder later mated with her Siamese cat. This mating secured the Burmese cat (you can see the photo of the animal in the review) their famous white “gloves”.
Another version says that unusual and very beautiful animals came to France in 1924. Allegedly, they were the result of an accidental mating of a Siamese cat and a Persian cat. A year later, the breed was officially registered. The gorgeous animals were hugely popular and the price was outrageous.
The Second World War in the breeding of Burmese cats has made its own adjustments. After its completion, only two representatives of a unique breed remained in Europe - a cat and a cat. The revival of the breed, natives of Burma, began in 1945. After 21 years, the animals were brought to America, and then to the UK.
Birman cat: breed description
This animal is so harmoniously built that it could well claim the role of the first beauty in the cat world. The body of the Burmese cat is massive and strong. Limbs of medium length with large and rounded paws. tail lengthproportional to body size. At the base of the tail, the hair is sparse, and towards the tip it becomes longer and denser. Experts call such pubescence "sultan". The weight of an adult cat can reach 6 kg, cats are more miniature and graceful.
The head of the Burmese cat is wide and somewhat rounded. In accordance with the breed standard, there are flat areas in front of the base of the ears. The Burmese nose is medium in length and width, the nostrils are located rather low on the nose, there is practically no foot, there is only a slight depression. The chin is developed, strong, slightly pointed. The ears are of medium size, their length is equal to the width at the base. The ears are set far apart.
The eyes are round, with raised outer corners. They are always blue. Interestingly, newborn kittens have bright blue eyes, at three months they turn a little pale, but then they regain a rich blue color.
The coat and colors of the Burmese cat (see photo in the article) are a special delight for animal lovers. The coat of these animals can be long or medium in length, but in any case silky, and not falling into tangles. These beauties have a luxurious frill around their necks, and wavy hair on their tummy.
Burmese kittens are born white. The characteristic color of the breed appears only by six months. Breeders distinguish several colors. Among them:
The main coat is light cream, withcharacteristic dark markings on the ears, muzzle, tail and paws. The eyes are bright blue.
Dark brown striped
On a cream or snow-white background, the colored markings are not so intense. There are interspersed stripes - they are especially pronounced on the muzzle (on the cheeks, above the eyes, and under the mustache), as well as on the paws.
Smoky or ash gray markings.
Muzzle, ears, paws, tail have deep brown markings.
Milky background coat with taupe markings.
Reading the description of the breed and character of the Burmese cat in various sources, we can conclude that this beauty, like a true temple cat, cannot stand the noise and fuss. Burmese are well-mannered and intelligent animals with good manners. Restraint, unobtrusiveness, attachment to a person (not to be confused with obsession) are typical signs of the nature of the Burmese cat breed.
If looking back, you don't see your pet nearby, it means that the Burmese is offended by you - she proudly retired. Find your beauty, caress her, and very soon the world will be restored, because these animals are not vindictive. In the nature of the Burmese cat breed, there is another interesting feature - curiosity and craving for the knowledge of everything unknown. These animals are great at jumping and easily climb onto a bedside table or on a closet shelf - if something interests them there.
But don't worry:the curiosity of Burmese cats never leads to a broken service or favorite vase. These animals do not like to jump and misbehave. Well, maybe just a little, and provided that such behavior does not drop their dignity.
Favourably, they accept affection from the household, allow themselves to be squeezed and guests of family members. Burmese kittens are extremely active - they play serenely all day long. Future owners should be aware that they need to be ready for their little adorable pet's outbursts of fun at any time of the day. Over time, this disappears, although the Burmese retains a cheerful, playful and easy-going character until old age.
These cats get along well with other pets: they will not argue and win back their territory. They are great friends, affectionate and accommodating. And yet, these animals are great companions for children in the games.
Despite the fact that the temple cat is a lover of silence, she is not averse to talking. The voice of these beauties is gentle, but they serve it quite often. Many owners affectionately call them talkers. If there is a quarrel in your house, you will immediately hear the demanding: “Meow”. Your pet will thus try to resolve the conflict.
By nature, temple cats are endowed with strong immunity. However, they are susceptible to some diseases. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is the most common. In addition, veterinarians note that these animals often have a hereditary pathology.vestibular apparatus. Clinical signs of this disease appear at 3-12 weeks of development of the animal, but then most often disappear on their own and do not require treatment.
Corneal dermoids are a hereditary disease of Burmese cats. A course of antibiotics prescribed by a veterinarian, as well as special drops, will help to quickly deal with this problem. Basically, Burmese refers to he althy breeds of cats. In addition, she is very prolific. The largest officially recorded litter (19 kittens) was brought by the Burmese cat Antigone, which belonged to Valery Hein. After giving birth, he respectfully shook the paw of his happy dad - his Siamese cat.
The sacred Burmese live from 10 to 14 years with proper care. But of course, there are exceptions to every rule: a representative of this breed, Catalina, who lives in Melbourne (Australia), recently turned 25 years old. Today she has become the oldest cat in the world.
Care and maintenance
The owners of these animals should understand that Burmese kittens cannot live outside, as they love heat very much. The most comfortable room temperature for these cats is +22 °C and not lower. However, one should not forget about regular airing of the apartment.
The wool of these animals delights with its density. However, do not get carried away with excessive grooming (as is the case with the Persians). It is not needed - it is enough to comb your pet twice a week with a comb with rounded teeth. The coat of Burmese cats does not have an undercoat, but at the same time it hasunique property - it does not form tangles. So combing will help maintain the beauty of the coat. Ears and eyes should be cleaned when soiled.
Future owners of such pets need to know that Burmese most often die due to unsuccessful attempts to break free. Unlike their counterparts, these animals do not know how to fall correctly, so escaping from a window or balcony is fraught with dire consequences. Inborn intelligence does not allow Burma to compete on the street.
It is unlikely that today anyone can say what the priests fed their faithful four-legged friends in the temples of Burma, but given that modern representatives of the breed are gourmets, it can be assumed that they ate delicacies in the temples. These animals are true to their taste preferences even today. The appetite of these cats is excellent, and this is all the more pleasant because they are practically not obese.
Owners who prefer to feed their pets natural food should be aware that a Burmese cat should eat 150 grams of food per day. Do not try to experiment with low-quality canned food and dry food - they will lead to the fact that dyes added to such food can adversely affect the animal's coat and change its shade. Unfortunately, this process is irreversible.
To feed Burmese cats, you need to purchase holistics. Appreciate and protect your pet, give him only the highest quality productsquality you can't doubt. In addition, you need to know that a serving of nutritious quality dry food is significantly smaller than a cheap one.
Burmese cat: owner reviews
Most of the owners in whose houses these amazing animals live, find them incredibly attractive - thick wool, blue intelligent eyes - just a feast for the eyes. In addition, these animals are very kind and smart, they never make scandals, they love attention from their owners and affection. They do not need to be held in your arms by force - they themselves come and sit on their knees.
The animal is very clean and tidy: it gets used to the tray during the first days of being in a new home. It is very important that it is always perfectly clean. Some owners note that during molting, the pet should be combed more than twice a week, but they do not consider this a disadvantage of the breed.