Mastopathy is one of the most common breast diseases in women of mature age. Unfortunately, many representatives of the weaker sex prefer not to pay attention to minor symptoms. In this case, the pathological process is aggravated, the risk of developing a malignant formation increases. Mastopathy and pregnancy can be diagnosed at the same time. At the same time, against the background of a changed state of a woman, the disease can progress rapidly.
What is mastopathy
The disease is associated with pathological fibrocystic changes in the tissues of the mammary gland. Mastopathy and pregnancy are closely related. Under the name of this pathology, a whole group of pathological processes can be combined, the development of which is provoked by hormonal changes in a woman's body during gestation. The disease does not always pose a threat to life, but it cannot be left unattended. The risk group for oncology of the mammary glands primarily includes women whopreviously had to deal with mastopathy.
Fibrocystic disease of the female breast can be diagnosed in the fairer sex at any age. However, in women who decide to conceive a baby after 40 years, the risk of experiencing pathology increases significantly. Treatment of mastopathy during pregnancy should be carried out by a qualified mammologist. It is impossible to ignore unpleasant symptoms.
Causes of disease
The exact causes of the development of benign formation in the tissues of the mammary glands have not been studied to date. However, experts managed to find out that hormonal status plays a significant role. It is no coincidence that breast mastopathy often develops during pregnancy. During this period, a woman's body undergoes significant hormonal changes.
Other factors contributing to the development of mastopathy include: early menopause, menstrual irregularities in childbearing age, polycystic ovaries. Problems during pregnancy are often faced by women who have previously taken hormonal contraceptives incorrectly.
The immune system of the fairer sex is also of great importance. Fibrotic changes in the tissues of the mammary glands can be observed against the background of any chronic diseases in the body. Mastopathy and pregnancy are quite compatible. However, treatment cannot be delayed. Stress, worries, malnutrition - all this can provoke the growth of malignant cells ingood education.
Mastopathy during pregnancy can develop in several forms. The most common is mastalgia. The pathological process is accompanied by severe pain syndrome. Due to this, a benign formation can be detected at an early stage. It is mandatory to take analgesics. Medications are selected according to the woman's gestational age.
Often during the period of gestation, fibrous mastopathy occurs. A benign formation at the same time grows in the connective tissue of the mammary gland. With a rapid increase in the number of pathological cells, the doctor may decide to perform surgery.
In parallel with the growth of fibrous tissue, cystic mastopathy can be observed. There is no need to terminate the pregnancy. However, a woman should be under the close supervision of a gynecologist. You will have to visit the doctor more often.
Fibrous mastopathy during pregnancy can be detected already at the stage of registering a woman. A specialist may be alerted by a small seal in a certain area of \u200b\u200bthe mammary gland. Palpation may cause discomfort. Even before pregnancy, chest pain can be observed in the second phase of the menstrual cycle, after ovulation. At the same time during the examination, several small nodules can be detected at once. Additionally, a woman may be referred for examination by an oncologist.
Cystic mastopathy at an early stage of pregnancy may, in general, not make itself felt. The seal is not palpable, there are no painful sensations. In rare cases, there is a dull pulling pain, which is written off by a specialist for changes in the mammary glands in early pregnancy.
Discharge from the nipples can alert. They may or may not be abundant. A thorough examination should be carried out if brownish or green mucus with an unpleasant odor is discharged from the chest.
Fibrocystic mastopathy and pregnancy are quite compatible. It is important to prevent malignant transformation of pathological cells. Even at an early stage of gestation, it is necessary to learn how to properly conduct a self-examination of the breast. Proper palpation will help determine not only the presence of seals, but also their localization, shape and size.
If a woman is suspected of having a disease, she is sent for a mammogram. This x-ray examination makes it possible to clarify the location of the pathological formation, to determine its type. During pregnancy, this technique may not be used because of the risk of harming the fetus. In this case, the woman is sent for an ultrasound of the mammary glands.
If a nodule is identified, a breast biopsy may be ordered. The technique makes it possible to eliminate the risk of cancer.
Drug treatment of mastopathy
During the period of gestation, full-fledged therapy is difficultmastopathy. Both pregnancy and the presence of the individual characteristics of the woman's body - these factors lead to the fact that some medicines cannot be used to stop the growth of pathological tissue. The mammologist selects therapy strictly individually. An assessment of the potential risk to the fetus and benefit to the mother is mandatory. The mammologist necessarily discusses the method of therapy with the gynecologist who has the pregnant woman registered.
The main areas of therapy include: reducing pain, normalizing hormonal balance, treating inflammatory processes, reducing the likelihood of malignant transformation of fibrous tissue.
Does mastopathy go away during pregnancy? As a rule, during the period of gestation, it is only possible to stop the growth of pathological cells. However, it is not possible to completely get rid of the formation due to the impossibility of using many drugs. If the growth of the tumor does not stop, the risk of its malignant transformation increases, the woman is shown surgery.
Any surgical procedures during pregnancy pose a serious threat to the full development and life of the baby. Anesthesia is carefully selected. With minor formations in the mammary glands, the operation is performed under local anesthesia. The incision is usually made along the edge of the areola. From the center it is possible to reach almost any part of the mammary gland. In addition, after such an intervention, the scar is practically not noticeable. Removalneoplasms can be performed using an endoscope. The working surface is displayed on the monitor screen. At the same time, the risk of touching the milk ducts during surgical procedures is significantly reduced.
In the most difficult cases, under general anesthesia, a mastectomy is performed - complete removal of the mammary gland. Such an operation is performed if cancer cells begin to form in the fibrous tissue. Within a week after the intervention, the woman is in a hospital.
Mastopathy during pregnancy is complicated by the fact that many drugs cannot be used. At the same time, traditional medicine recipes can show a good result. However, in this case, self-treatment is impossible. Any chosen technique should be discussed with your doctor.
Flaxseed oil shows good results with mastopathy. It contains a lot of phytoestrogens. These substances help to normalize the hormonal background. As a result, the growth of pathological cells is significantly slowed down. Flaxseed oil can be used to treat an area with overgrown fibrous tissue. Such manipulations will help not only fight mastopathy, but also reduce the risk of stretch marks on the chest during pregnancy. With a significant pain syndrome, it is recommended to take flaxseed inside (a teaspoon twice a day). This technique is widely used in early menopause.
When detecting a pathological formation in the tissues of the mammary glands, you can use freshly squeezed elderberry juice. Sucha prescription as part of complex therapy is also used for oncological diseases. Elder helps to remove s alts of heavy metals, toxins, radionuclides from the body.
Regular self-examination will help to avoid dangerous consequences. It is worth checking with the gynecologist in advance how to properly examine the mammary glands at home. It would also be useful to visit a gynecologist twice a year for a professional examination.
It is recommended to pay attention not only to the condition of the breast itself, but also to the underwear. Spots on a bra can alert. This symptom indicates the presence of discharge from the mammary glands.
If you are diagnosed with mastopathy during pregnancy, you should not panic. The specialist will prescribe adequate treatment to stop the growth of fibrous or cystic tissue. After childbirth, the woman will be able to finally cure the disease and fully breastfeed the baby.