Increasingly, owners are asking themselves the question: “Should I sterilize a cat?” And this approach is more true than the use of hormonal contraceptives or a complete rejection of the regulation of sexual desire. The fact is that drugs have a negative effect on cat he alth, can lead to various tumors, etc. And in the second case, there is a threat that the animal will become pregnant several times a year. Sterilized cats walk and do not bring any offspring. The operation once and for all removes all questions and problems.
Preparation for surgery
Nothing tricky here. The animal must not eat for 12 hours and not drink for 4 hours before surgery. This is due to the fact that the operation is performed under local anesthesia. That's all the preparation. Pets older than 8 months can be sterilized. In this case, there will be no complications. It is optimal to carry out the operation even before the first mating or the first desire. A month before the procedure, it is advisable to get vaccinated to protect the pet from possible complications and infections. When cats are neutered, post-surgery care is required for 1-2 weeks.
After the operation, the catwill have to be taken while still asleep, under anesthesia. Or gradually moving away from it. The animal must have a protective collar or blanket. For aggressive pets, it is better to use the first option. You also need to trim your nails. Such a set of measures will protect against scratches and bites. A collar and a blanket are needed so that the cat does not lick the seams, inflammation does not occur.
You need to take away the cat not immediately, but after 20-30 minutes to finally make sure that the bleeding has stopped. Before transportation, you need to do postoperative anesthesia. You need to transport the animal in a special spacious carrier, in a position on its side. Your pet should breathe freely. The position on the side will allow the vomit to move freely if this happens: they will not fall into the trachea and will not clog the airways. You need to get home as quickly as possible without catching a pet cold, especially in winter if the cat is smooth-haired.
Behavior of cats after spaying. How does a cat recover from anesthesia
At home, the animal should be placed on a flat hard surface at some distance from heaters and windows to avoid overheating, cooling or colds. The optimum temperature is 22-24 degrees. The cat should lie on a soft bed, cover it with something or apply a heating pad if the body twitches.
After a couple of hours, the pet will start to move away and try to move. At this time, you need to make sure that the animal does not accidentally fall, get stuck and do not hurt anything. Necessarilyyou need to close the vents and windows so that the cat does not fall out. In a few hours, her normal agility and coordination will return.
How does a cat recover after spaying? Sometimes animals become too excited, active and restless. They can start jumping and running around the apartment and room. No need to worry - it will pass soon. Moreover, you should not try to catch up with your pet, it is better to leave her alone.
As soon as the cat begins to recover, she tries to remove the collar or blanket. However, you shouldn't let her do that. After a couple of days, she will get used to it, and the protective equipment will not cause any inconvenience to her.
Cat care at home. Feeding
Appetite returns to the animal within two days after surgery. What to feed a cat after sterilization? Just like before her. Within a few days, the pet will begin to eat in the same volumes as before the operation. If this does not happen on the 5th day, then this is a sign of ill he alth. It is recommended to consult a veterinarian.
You need to feed little by little, as soon as the pet has a desire to eat. However, if vomiting occurs, then you need to wait a few more hours with food. To avoid problems with the collar, the diameter of the bowl should be smaller. The cup must be placed at a height of 3-6 cm.
Dealing with natural needs
In the early days, urination becomes less frequent and smaller in volume. However, with the restoration of appetite, everything should return to normal.
Often after spaying, cats become constipated. If the animal does not go to the toilet for more than three days, you need to give him a laxative. In the nearest veterinary pharmacy, you can purchase various preparations based on paraffin oil or other products. After the first bowel cleansing, the stool should improve.
During the first 5 days after the operation, such phenomena as lethargy, weakness or, conversely, excessive activity are possible. Fluctuations in body temperature can also be observed with its increase to 39.5 degrees. This is not due to infection, but to tissue damage and healing. This is a normal reaction of the body. Painkillers will significantly improve the well-being of the pet. However, if the temperature is too high or persists for a week or more, see a doctor.
Use of protective equipment
What to put on a cat, each owner decides for himself. Regardless of the choice, one condition must be observed: the pet must wear a collar or blanket. It is necessary to ensure that they are clean and, most importantly, intact, since their main purpose is to protect against licking. However, an animal can make them unusable in a few days. The behavior of cats after sterilization is characterized by an increased interest in the seam. In this case, the devices mentioned above will have to be replaced. It is important to protect the seams from the cat's tongue, otherwise they may disperse and become inflamed.
It is necessary to ensure that the blanket and collar sit tight enough so that the animal cannot take them off, but at the same time the catshould be comfortable. The straps and collar are easily adjustable. As a rule, protective equipment can be removed already for 7-10 days. It is better to wear longer, because sometimes the seams of cats seize slowly.
The most difficult period is immediately after the operation and within two days. These days it is desirable to give painkillers. It can be both injections and tablets (when the swallowing function is restored). However, special feline medicines should be given, not human ones! Painkillers will not only make life easier for the pet, but will also allow her to feel much better, her appetite will return earlier, the temperature will not rise much. The postoperative syndrome itself will be much less pronounced.
If the behavior of cats after sterilization does not differ from the usual, then this item can be excluded from therapeutic measures. However, in most cases it is required.
Immediately after the operation, a few drops of blood or ichor may come out of the incision. The seam after the operation turns red and filled with blood. This is a normal reaction. As a rule, after a couple of days, the swelling subsides, the incision stops getting wet. If the condition of the stitch does not improve, then this is a reason to see a doctor.
This event becomes mandatory from the second day after the operation. It is carried out every other day, preferably daily, an hour after taking painkillers. The task of this event is to antimicrobial treatment of the seam. To do this, a cotton swab is wetted in chlorhexidine, andthey clean all the smallest folds. Hair and discharge should be removed from the incision. Finally, the wound can be treated with a swab with Levomekol ointment. Usually the course of healing is 10 days. The easiest way to clean the seams is with two people: one person puts the cat on its hind legs, and the second processes it.
If the operation was successful, and the animal itself is he althy, then it does not require additional medical treatment. However, the following drug groups may be needed:
- Antibiotics. As a rule, one injection is given during the operation. This is necessary to prevent infection. They may be needed if the animal licks the seam. But in this case, the recovery process will be delayed for another 2-3 weeks.
- Vitamins are given to debilitated cats if they do not feel well in the postoperative period.
- Hemostatic agents will be needed for poor blood clotting, if blood constantly oozes from the suture.
- Anti-infectious serum is useful if the owner decided to leave the pet for the recovery period at the veterinary clinic.
Sterilization of cats. Care after surgery in a veterinary clinic
Many animal hospitals already offer post-surgery hospital services. You can place a cat there both for 1 day and for 10 - until complete recovery. Depending on the wishes and financial situation of the owners. In the veterinary clinic, the animal is guaranteed competent care, but, on the other hand, it will not see the owners, which will not have a very favorable effect on it.mood.
This placement has a number of advantages and disadvantages.
- if the owner is in a hurry to work or on business, he does not need to spend time transporting the animal to the house and on a set of primary measures;
- no need to take a pet somewhere that has not yet recovered from anesthesia;
- the clinic knows exactly what to feed a cat after sterilization;
- you don't have to give injections and pills yourself or take your pet to the vet for procedures every day;
- often animals in the postoperative period are aggressive; the owner will not have to experience it for himself;
- responsibility for the operation and the recovery period falls entirely on the shoulders of doctors, experts are well aware of the behavior of cats after sterilization;
- in some cases, if a cat has he alth problems, she needs specialized medical care;
- the hospital is especially convenient for neutering stray cats.
- the cat will have double stress: from the operation itself and from the change of living conditions;
- not every clinic has really responsible doctors, so it is possible that the pet may be “forgotten” and not carry out the necessary procedures on time. This question needs to be further clarified with the owners of other patients;
- a cat can be very offended by the fact that the owner left her in a difficult situation;
- the possibility of contracting a viral infection is not excluded;
- maintenance at the veterinary clinic is prettyexpensive pleasure.
And finally. If a sterilized cat yells, then this is a reason to see a doctor. Complications are not excluded. If this happens in the first weeks after the operation, then this is a simple consequence of the setting of the hormonal background. Does a spayed cat ask for a cat? No. After the operation, there will be no problems with her screams and marks.