Newborn baby regimen may seem like a complicated technique to some young mothers. In practice, things are much simpler. Afterwards, you will realize that there are only positive aspects to a certain daily routine, both for the he alth of the newborn and for the peace of mind of the parents.
The day regimen of a newborn baby in the first month should be clearly created, regardless of what kind of feeding he is on. The correct daily routine teaches the baby to competently change the phase of sleep and wakefulness, teaches you to distinguish between day and night. Moreover, the mode helps the baby to avoid overwork. Remember that the correct daily routine is the key to the full development of the baby.
It is worth noting that the mode of life of a newborn child often depends on the emotions received during the day. A specific schedule for each day allows you to minimize this negative impact. When a baby performs the same procedures and rituals every day, he feels absolutely safe.
According to some studies and observations, it was found that children who have been accustomed to a certain daily routine from birth are the most calm and have a much better appetite.
Feeding schedules for newborns may vary slightly, as some babies may sleep for 3 hours straight, while others ask for food after 2 hours.
Modern pediatricians are not particularly categorical about artificial feeding. The fact is that the child must eat in a timely manner, and if the mother does not have enough milk, then the baby is not to blame.
Most pediatric he alth professionals recommend feeding newborns every three hours. This is how most of our parents and grandmothers fed their children. Sometimes I had to endure long screams for the sake of the cherished "discipline".
I would like to note that not everyone adheres to such a diet for a newborn baby. Moreover, on-demand feeding is gaining considerable popularity among young mothers. This technique implies that the baby receives food at the moment, as soon as he "declares" his desire. Often the number of feedings varies from 6 to 8 times during the daytime and about 2 times at night. The volume of milk consumed on average is about 50-90 ml. Formula-fed babies tend to ask to eat much less often, as the mixture is much more nutritious, unlike mother's milk.
Average feeding time lasts from 15 minutes to 1.5 hours. Under no circumstances should this process be interrupted untilthe baby will not let go of the breast or bottle on its own.
Important! Among young mothers there is a fairly common mistake, which is to overfeed the baby. As a result, this can lead to constipation and regurgitation in the baby. In fact, the baby may be naughty not because he wants to eat, but simply wants his mother to shake him. Do not worry, every woman tends to feel the desires of her child, so over time, mom will easily understand what her baby wants.
With regards to supplementing the newborn with water, in such a situation, parents should make this decision on their own. Dr. Komarovsky does not recommend offering water before the age of 6 months. This is justified by the fact that newborns have enough mother's milk. But it is important to understand that the mixture is quite satisfying and relatively thick, so supplementing with water may be necessary.
Rest is an integral part of a newborn baby's daily routine. In the first 2 weeks, the baby tends to sleep almost all the time (about 18-20 hours a day), waking up exclusively for feeding. After 3 weeks, the period of wakefulness becomes longer.
The baby becomes interested in learning about the world around him: he can look at objects that fall into his field of vision for a long time, is able to respond to his mother's voice and listen to various sounds.
What is the regimen of a newborn baby in the first monthlife? The periods of wakefulness after each feeding are 15-20 minutes for the child, after reaching 1 month they can be equated to 1 hour. These short periods of baby activity can be used to develop your baby.
Do not forget that the sleep pattern of a newborn baby has a direct impact on full development. Therefore, you should not overload the baby with games.
Before feeding it is useful to spread the baby on the stomach. This is a great neck and back workout. If, after waking up, the baby requires only food, then after he is full, you can put the crumbs on the tummy, but not earlier than 30 minutes after the meal. Massage is usually carried out half an hour before feeding or 40 minutes after. This helps prevent spitting up.
A complex of massage, and in the future, physiotherapy exercises can be recommended by a pediatrician or an experienced specialist.
Regimen for newborns includes water treatments. It is necessary to organize bathing from the first days of life. The best time for water procedures is the evening just before feeding and going to bed.
Babies must be bathed in a tub reserved exclusively for this purpose. Moms need to monitor the temperature of the water. The optimum temperature is considered to be 36-37 degrees. To determine whether the water is comfortable, you can use a special thermometer. They are sold in children's departments and pharmacies. After some time, parents will learn to determine the temperaturewater according to your own feelings, but this only comes with experience.
Before the umbilical wound heals, newborns should be bathed in boiled water. Some pediatricians recommend the use of decoctions of herbs (chamomile, celandine, succession). But it is important to remember that most of them can cause allergies, so you should use them as carefully as possible.
A newborn baby's schedule should include time spent outdoors. Moreover, fresh air is extremely beneficial for children. In the spring and summer, a little time in the sun is enough to recharge with vitamin D, which has a positive effect on the development of the child's body, and also prevents the appearance of rickets. In addition, children fall asleep well in the fresh air.
What should I consider before going for a walk?
- Pediatricians recommend starting to walk with a baby no earlier than on the 10th day after his birth. Moreover, this rule only applies to babies who were born on time and are completely he althy.
- In winter, walk should be about 10 minutes a day when the air temperature is not lower than -10 degrees. In summer, the duration of being outdoors can be 20 minutes, but only if it is not hotter than 30 degrees outside.
The first walks with the baby in the warm season (autumn, spring) should be 15 minutes a day. Then they can be gradually increased up to 2 hours, but only under the condition of goodweather.
When buying a stroller, parents should pay attention to its design. Most modern models provide the crumbs with reliable protection, so that a sweaty child does not get sick when a cold breeze appears.
Washing and diaper changing
These procedures cannot be carried out according to the schedule, as it is not common for children to empty themselves according to the schedule. Moreover, young mothers should be aware that breastfed newborns may have stool after each feeding. It is necessary to wash the crumbs after each bowel movement.
Usually, the diaper is changed before each feeding, as well as before bedtime, after sleep and before a walk. If the diaper is not changed in a timely manner, the child will feel discomfort, which will negatively affect his behavior and well-being. Moreover, prolonged exposure to a wet diaper can cause diaper rash and diaper rash.
Mode for a newborn baby by the hour
It is important to understand that all children are individual. If the child wants to sleep, then you should not wake him up strictly on schedule for the sake of discipline. Consider the optimal daily routine for a newborn in the first month of life:
- Carrying out hygiene procedures.
- First feeding.
- Baby is awake.
- Baby is awake.
- Feeding and staying awake.
- Water treatments.
- Feeding before bed.
- Night sleep.
Feeding a newborn at night is carried out at the request of the crumbs. Parents should choose the time for such a schedule on their own, based on their employment and the general daily routine of the family. What's more, sticking to exactly one time is sometimes impossible, so try to plan your time so that very minor adjustments are allowed.
Don't let your baby get excited
The monthly routine of a newborn baby is very important. But this is not enough. The fact is that the baby can easily change its usual daily routine due to external stimuli. Therefore, try not to allow the baby to stay awake for a long time or be in a noisy and crowded environment. Receiving a huge amount of emotions and information, the baby runs the risk of getting emotional overexcitation. In this regard, it is very often difficult to fall asleep. Take care of your baby, provide him with a calm environment for a good rest. Even if close relatives have come, explain to them the possible consequences of their long gatherings.
The regimen of a newborn baby in the first month of life must be strictly observed. It is impossible for the baby to constantly sleep during the day, and regularly “arrange concerts” in the middle of the night. And also do not forcefully put the child to sleep if at the moment he wants to be awake. If you are unable to put the child to bed in the evening, then you may not havewalking in the evening before bed. Babies sleep soundly in the open air, so you can safely go for a walk half an hour - an hour before a night's sleep according to your daily routine.
In order for the baby to be aware of the onset of morning, one should try to perform morning hygiene procedures at the same time. You can use a cotton swab dipped in warm boiled water. As soon as the baby wakes up, wipe his face. Then you can do the hygiene of the ears and nose. Places prone to diaper rash, smear with baby cream. If you perform the same actions in the morning every day, then the baby will soon begin to immediately understand that morning has come.
During night feedings, do not turn on bright lights or talk loudly. The room should have a night light with subdued light in such a case. After feeding, the baby can be shaken slightly, but this is not necessary if you see that the baby is already fast asleep.
When falling asleep at night, daily rituals are very helpful. You can use a calm melody. This change of scenery will help your baby learn the connection between change of scenery and sleep.
Moreover, quiet music helps the baby to sleep. Mommy can sing a lullaby.
Parents should understand that in the first month of a baby's life it is not easy to follow the regime, but you need to try to do it. Then the result will not be long in coming. Soon you will realize that your efforts have not passed by, and the baby will go to bed in a strictthe time allotted for this activity. In addition, parents will be able to find free time for themselves.
Sometimes, despite all the knowledge about how to establish a routine for a newborn baby, parents still face difficulties. A baby can constantly ask for a breast, stay awake at night, and cry loudly in a stroller during walks. Do not panic, you should understand the reason for this behavior of the child.
In order for the baby to be actively awake, and then go to bed, you should make sure that he is full. Sometimes babies do not have enough milk due to improper capture of the nipple of the mother's breast. Perhaps you have chosen an uncomfortable or incorrect position for feeding. In both cases, the baby cannot get the required amount of milk, so he simply sucks at the breast, then gets tired of this process and falls asleep. In some cases, babies are naughty or cry loudly. A mother can learn how to properly attach a newborn to her breast at the maternity hospital, as well as with the help of a visiting nurse from a children's clinic at the place of residence.
It happens that the baby sucks well at the breast, gets enough milk, but during feeding she throws the nipple and starts crying loudly. This happens when the baby swallows a large amount of air during feeding. This is not a good sign, since such a phenomenon causes a feeling of fullness and heaviness inside the tummy. To prevent this from happening, parents should hold the baby in an upright position for about 5-7 minutes. During this time, excess air will come out of the tummy, and the baby will be able to sweetlysleep.
For the development of the baby, adequate sleep plays the same significant role as nutrition. It is important to understand that after waking up, the baby should wake up rested and in a good mood.
Special attention should be paid to the temperature in the room. If the baby is cold or hot, then he can sleep very restlessly. The optimal temperature in the room where the child is located is 20–22 degrees.
Feel free to talk about all the problems your baby has with your pediatrician and neurologist. Most of them can be eliminated in the early stages of a baby's development. Moreover, the pediatrician is able to advise you on any issues related to the he alth and development of the child.