2023 Author: Priscilla Miln | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-11-26 06:25
Does a child need a daily routine? Almost every parent asks this question. And here opinions differ:
- someone thinks that it is necessary to focus on the biological clock of the child;
- someone, on the contrary, is of the opinion that from infancy it is necessary to dictate to the child the main regime moments that will accustom him to the necessary daily routine.
Why does a child need mode
A child's daily routine is often based on the diet. Children get used to the fact that in the morning they get up, wash, have breakfast, study or walk, then have dinner, rest, and so on until lights out. If this separation does not exist, then problems with food begin, because the child can have a snack at any time with yogurt, a bun, and fruit. As a result, he does not feel hunger, which is necessary for a full meal.
It is interesting that often in a family where regimen meals are not observed, parents do not worry about observing the daily routine as a whole. This leads to the fact that the time of waking up and falling asleep is always different, daytime sleep is a fickle phenomenon.
Kids are proven to be conservative. They feel much calmer when they know that theirwaiting for the next moment, and overreacting to changes in planned activities.
The behavior of children who do not have a daily routine is characterized by frequent emotional outbursts in the form of tantrums for any reason, their level of aggressiveness and conflict may increase. It is difficult to put babies to sleep at night. If he woke up late, accordingly, he does not rest during the day. The nervous system is overloaded, as a result, it is difficult for the child to readjust and fall asleep peacefully.
To prevent this from happening, it is better to stick to a certain schedule, even if not very strict.
Another weighty argument in favor of the regime
Sometimes parents are satisfied with such a life when the child is free to make his own decisions. However, the problems begin when it comes time to go to preschool. Regime moments in kindergarten are strictly observed, and it will be very difficult for a child to adapt if he is not used to them.
Therefore, parents are strongly advised to familiarize themselves with the daily routine in the preschool educational institution and organize their day in advance as close as possible to the kindergarten schedule. This will make life easier for the child while getting used to the new environment.
Regime moments in a preschool educational institution (preschool educational institution, or kindergarten) are organized in such a way that children always have time for active games, classes and good rest. Almost all public kindergartens adhere to general rules forscheduling the day.
There is a time of free activity for independent games, and some part of the walk is allocated for them.
In the summer, educational activities in sensitive moments change slightly, because many excursions to museums, visits to theaters, zoos and other events outside the institution are planned for this period.
Meal time in kindergarten is almost the same everywhere. In some preschools, children are offered fruits and juices as a second breakfast.
During nap time, children sleep or lie quietly in their beds. Daytime rest time varies from 2 to 3 hours.
Naturally, the routine moments in the younger group will be slightly different from the daily routine in the senior or preparatory.
How does the morning start?
In the morning, the teacher takes the child to the group. At the same time, he should pay attention to the well-being and appearance of the baby. If the child has signs of any disease, then he is sent to the medical office. There, the nurse decides whether it is possible for the child to stay in a children's institution or whether he needs medical assistance.
Gymnastics and washing are included in the morning routine moments. These events are necessary not only from an educational point of view. Unfortunately, not all parents have time to carry out these procedures at home. In the process of completing the latter, the educator conducts pedagogical work, makes sure that the sleeves are rolled up, and the hands are washed over the sink so that there is no splashing. This instills in children a sense of order and a desirekeep clean.
After that, preparations for breakfast begin. In groups there are children on duty. They have certain responsibilities that are easy for kids to fulfill. During breakfast, the teacher draws the children's attention to the names of dishes and utensils, which, in turn, develops the vocabulary and horizons of the children.
How is the walk?
Educational activities in the sensitive moments of the preschool educational institution are always spelled out in the plans. When getting ready for a walk, the children are clearly given instructions for further actions.
First, the group is put in order, and then the rules of behavior in the locker room are reminded.
Educational tasks are also solved in the process of dressing children. The teacher pronounces the name of the clothes, its details, its purpose. Thus, the vocabulary on the topic “Clothes” is replenished.
During the walk, the teacher organizes a variety of activities for children. Previously, they must be familiar with the available equipment and toys. It is also necessary to discuss the rules for handling them.
Regime moments provide that during a walk, children must be given time for joint free activities, but at the same time, the teacher must ensure that children are not overexcited during the interaction.
An outdoor game must be held. From time to time, the guys are involved in cleaning the site.
Half an hour before the end of the walk, the teacher needs to organize a more relaxedactivities, such as watching things happen around you or talking about changes in nature.
Before returning to the group, the children are told the rules of behavior in the locker room.
During dressing, the teacher has the task of instilling in the kids a respect for clothes, showing how to put their things in lockers.
Preparing for quiet time and getting up
Lunch goes about the same as breakfast. Here, too, duty officers are appointed, they are given feasible tasks.
Regime moments are also observed after meals, when preparation for sleep begins. To do this, the teacher must strictly monitor the discipline in the group so that the children do not play out and make noise, a mood for rest is created. The environment should be calm so that the guys can relax.
In the process of preparing for bed, the teacher is faced with the task of continuing to instill in children a careful attitude to things, encouraging positive emotions regarding daytime rest.
During the rise, children should not be distracted by extraneous things, but immediately get dressed and then wait for the others. At this time, you can offer the child a quiet game, for example, to assemble a simple puzzle.
Developing activities with children
During regime moments in the garden, developmental classes in mathematics, speech development, drawing, modeling, physical education, music, strengthening household skills and others are necessarily included.
Most often, classes last no more than half an hour, because children at this agethey are not yet able to hold attention for a long time, which is why they need a constant change of activity.
Naturally, the duration of the nursery class is different from that of the preparatory group.
Analyzing regime moments in kindergarten, you can see that some items remain the same for all age groups. These include:
- Children's morning reception.
- Developmental activities.
- Game activity.
However, the leaders of the preschool educational institution are trying to develop the daily routine in such a way as to take into account the age characteristics of the children in each group.
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