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"Sumamed" for children: reviews, instructions for use
"Sumamed" for children: reviews, instructions for use
Anonim

Among a wide range of different medicines today, specialists across the country are choosing the most effective for their patients. This is especially true for children, whose immunity cannot always cope with infections on their own and is very susceptible to them. So, many parents know that getting rid of a severe form of the disease often requires taking antibiotics. "Sumamed" for children (reviews confirm this) is successfully used, and it is worth analyzing its features in more detail.

Composition of the drug

The product is available for younger patients in several forms:

  • pills;
  • capsules;
  • powder for suspension.

The main active ingredient is always azithromycin dihydrate, but the minor components depend on the form of the drug.

Tablets "Sumamed"

So, the powder is sucrose, flavoring, hyprolose, sodium phosphate, silicon dioxide and xanthan gum. Capsules have only magnesium stearate, MCC and sodium lauryl sulfate. For tabletsadditional substances of the composition are starch, anhydrous calcium and some of the components already listed above.

Characteristics of different shapes

Suspension "Sumamed" for children, instructions and reviews of those who have already tried it, are described as a solution with a pleasant taste and aroma. For this, the manufacturer produces two versions of the powder - with a banana or cherry flavor. Powder for the preparation of medicine is always granular and has a white or yellowish color. It is placed in dark glass bottles of 50 ml, so that after combining with water it is possible to store the entire solution in one vial. The bottles must be accompanied by a measuring spoon or syringe, as well as an annotation, placed in cardboard boxes.

Appearance of the capsules

Sumamed capsules for children are described as very characteristic. Their color is blue with a blue cap, so it is impossible to confuse the remedy with another medication. The powder itself is also white or yellowish inside.

Tablets of the drug are available in a dosage of 500 mg or 125 mg, but for children, the instructions for using Sumamed (reviews confirm that a large dosage is not suitable for children, and it is not always convenient to divide the tablets) provides for the use of only the latter. The pills themselves are also coated in blue and have a biconvex shape. Tablets for adults are oval, and for children - round, all white at the break.

Pharmacology of the drug

The main active ingredient of the drug is a broad-spectrum antibiotic belonging to the group of azalide macrolides. His jobIt consists in suppressing the vital activity and reproduction of pathogenic bacteria in relation to a variety of microorganisms. Of course, there are exceptions that show resistance to antibiotic activity or acquire it after prolonged treatment. These include bacteria resistant to erythromycin and some Gram-positive aerobes.

Medication action

The active substance of the drug is very quickly absorbed and distributed throughout the body after penetration into it, therefore, Sumamed very quickly helps with angina in children. Reviews indicate that relief comes almost immediately, and in a few days of taking it turns out to completely get rid of the disease.

fast recovery

The maximum concentration of azithromycin in the blood is observed in patients after 2-3 hours from the moment of administration, while the drug binds to proteins by a maximum of 50%.

It is important to know that the antibiotic is able to pass through cell membranes, therefore it is also effective against the activity of intracellular pathogenic bacteria in the body. The substance is transported by phagocytes and accumulates to a greater extent in the tissues and their cells, and not in the blood plasma. The maximum concentration of azithromycin is always observed in the foci of inflammation.

The drug is excreted mainly by the intestines and to a small extent by the kidneys. The half-life of the substance is 35-50 hours.

Indications for use

It is recommended to use this drug for treatment for many ailments caused by infections and microorganisms that provokeinflammation. These diseases include:

  • infection of ENT organs;
  • ailments of the upper and lower respiratory tract;
  • soft tissue infections;
  • genitourinary tract and so on.

Most often, parents encounter "Sumamed" when coughing. Reviews for children characterize the drug as an effective remedy for acute and chronic bronchitis, pneumonia, as well as otitis media, tonsillitis, sinusitis, sinusitis, laryngitis and many other ailments. Less common diagnoses for the use of this antibiotic are chlamydia, erysipelas, Lyme disease.

Prohibited use

Before starting therapy, make sure that the drug does not cause hypersensitivity in the child. If negative reactions are detected, its use is strictly prohibited, as evidenced by many experts and their reviews. "Sumamed" for children, the instruction also does not allow the use in the presence of sensitivity to erythromycin or antibiotics from the macrolide group.

Sensitivity to antibiotics

A contraindication to taking the medication is a violation of the liver or kidneys and the parallel use of ergotamine or dihydroergotamine.

Among the contraindications, the age allowed for taking each form of medicine should also be indicated. So, "Sumamed" for children collects positive reviews more often in the form of a suspension. You can use it from the age of six months of the baby, but after reaching three years it is recommended to switch to tablets. Of course, if you can’t find them, you can give a solution andolder children, but the expense will be too large and unprofitable, it is better to purchase Sumamed Forte in such situations. 125 mg tablets are allowed to be used to treat patients from the age of three, capsules - only with a child weighing more than 45 kg, and 500 mg tablets - for adults and children over 12 years of age.

Caution should be given to children with impaired lung, liver and kidney function. Also, you can not use the drug for intravenous administration. Since its effectiveness and safety have not been proven.

Negative Consequences

Like any antibiotic, "Sumamed" kills not only pathogenic microorganisms, but also beneficial intestinal microflora, which after treatment requires urgent recovery. Most often, experts recommend taking Linex immediately with the medicine.

Side effects

In addition, this drug can in rare cases cause drowsiness, rash, dizziness, insomnia, headache and muscle pain, tinnitus and hearing loss, constipation, bloating, visual impairment, urticaria, nausea, diarrhea, lowering of arterial pressure and changes in blood laboratory parameters.

In very rare cases may occur:

  • anorexia;
  • tachycardia;
  • hepatitis;
  • nosebleed;
  • jade;
  • myalgia and so on.

Recommendations for the use of the solution

Since the suspension for children "Sumamed" has more reviews than tablets, then you should start with it. Taking a solutionfor the treatment of diseases of the upper respiratory tract and respiratory tract, the dose should be calculated based on the weight of the baby: for each kilogram - 10 mg of the drug. In diseases caused by the bacterium Streptococcus pyogenes, the dose is increased to 20 mg/kg. The course of treatment in this case lasts three days, and you need to take the medication only once a day.

For the treatment of Lyme disease, you will need to drink a dose of 20 mg per 1 kg of weight on the first day, and then reduce it by half.

Suspension intake

You should always drink medicine one hour before meals or 2 hours after it.

To prepare a solution, you will need to add 12 ml of clean boiled water to the powder directly into the bottle and shake the resulting contents well. Store the suspension after preparation only for 5 days at room temperature. Mix well before each use and drink as directed.

It is important to remember that the dosage is prescribed depending on the weight of the baby, and if he weighs more than his peers, then the amount of antibiotic should be more. In order not to make a mistake and not provoke an overdose, you should give the drug to the baby only as directed by the doctor.

Recommendations for pills

Here, too, everything depends on weight. In the treatment of common infections for children weighing up to 18 kg, 1 tablet of 125 mg per day is enough, with a weight of up to 30 kg, 2 tablets or 1 capsule with a dosage of 250 mg will be required. For adolescents weighing up to 45 kg, 3 tablets are needed per day.

For Streptococcus pyogenes infections, dosageincreases according to the above pattern, the same applies to Lyme disease.

Overdose

According to the reviews of "Sumamed" for children, if the recommended dose is exceeded, it can cause increased side effects, mainly related to the digestive system. These include vomiting, nausea, diarrhea and abdominal pain. If the dose is exceeded greatly, temporary hearing loss may occur. Elimination of symptoms is carried out by symptomatic treatment.

Analogues of the drug

"Sumamed" for children reviews often recommend replacing with cheaper medicines. It should be noted right away that only a specialist can prescribe a drug replacement, since even with a similar active substance, additional components can provoke negative reactions in the patient's body. Direct analogues of the drug are Azithromycin, Zitrox, Azitsin and others. According to the effect on the body, the drug can be replaced by Suprax or Augmentin.

Drug reviews

Suspension, like tablets, has a lot of positive feedback. All of them indicate that treatment with the drug allows you to very quickly and effectively deal with inflammation of varying complexity in babies aged from six months. The suspension at the same time has a pleasant taste and facilitates administration. For overweight or older children, you can also use the Sumamed Forte suspension for children.

sumamed forte

Reviews indicate that it is applied in the same way and just as tasty.It differs only in enhanced therapeutic effect associated with an increase in the dose of the main substance up to 200 mg.

As far as side effects are concerned, children experience them very rarely, and mostly they are abdominal pain and diarrhea. Doctors recommend this drug due to its high efficiency.

The cost of the drug today in the form of a powder for suspension is 250 rubles, "Sumamed Forte" will cost about 370-600 rubles, depending on the volume of the bottle. The price of tablets and capsules can reach up to 450 and 550 rubles, respectively.

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