2023 Author: Priscilla Miln | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-08-25 02:58
How can a three-month-old baby's regimen be? And is it needed at all? The daily routine is necessary for both the baby and his parents. This is useful and convenient: the baby is always well-fed, dry and clean, develops in accordance with age, and the mother can organize her day productively. You can (and should) start following a certain regimen already with a three-month-old baby.
Why you need to follow a routine
The regimen for a three-month-old baby is not a whim of the parents, who will find it more convenient to feed and put the baby to bed by the hour, but real concern for his he alth. Its observance will protect the baby or artificial from the development of allergies. Children who are fed according to a certain schedule are less likely to have problems with the digestive system and metabolic processes. Difficult periods (teething, illness, etc.) will be much easier.
It is also very convenient for parentsknow what time to do gymnastics with your child, when to go for a walk or put the baby to bed. You can organize the day so that you have time to cook dinner, go shopping, do some cleaning. The schedule is optimal, includes time for physical and intellectual development. Time can be planned so that dad, grandparents, brothers and sisters participate in the upbringing and care of the baby. The child will feel loved and receive positive emotions from communicating with all family members.
The daily routine of a three-month-old baby is a guarantee of the development of the crumbs according to age indicators. The kid will spend enough time in the fresh air, will always be fed, clean and dry, rested. The routine should be convenient not only for the child himself, but also for the parents and for the family as a whole. If there is a desire to feed the baby on demand - why not do this, if it is convenient for the whole family to live in such a rhythm. If not, you should make an individual schedule, but move on to it gradually and correctly.
Approximate daily routine of a three-month-old baby:
- 6:00 - wake up;
- 6:00-7:30 - morning routines: hygiene, exercise, massage, feeding, walking or staying awake;
- 9:00-9:30 - first dream;
- 9:00-11:00 - wake up, feeding, developmental activities and a walk;
- 11:00-13:00 - daytime sleep (it is better for the child to sleep in the air);
- 13:00-15:00 - feeding and activity: massage, games, development activities;
- 15:00-16:30 - thirdsleep:
- 16:30-18:00 - feeding, communication with dad;
- 18:00-21:00 - feeding and quiet games before going to bed, bathing and evening toilet;
- 21:30:6:00 - feeding and night sleep;
- 23:30 or 2:00 - night feeding (if the child has not already refused it).
But each person is individual, so doctors can only give advice, and parents themselves choose the optimal daily routine, taking into account the characteristics of the baby and the needs of the family.
3 month old baby sleep pattern
A person spends about a third of his life in night dreams, which averages eight hours a day. Newborns sleep much more - about fifteen hours a day. Which are divided into five or six unequal intervals. The sleep pattern of a three-month-old baby includes the longest night's rest, which lasts about eight hours. During the day, for normal development, the baby also needs to rest approximately every two hours of wakefulness.
The described variant of the daily routine of a three-month-old baby is a variant of the norm. But in reality, babies often cannot fall asleep in the evening and during the day, often wake up at night, sleep restlessly. Parents can help their baby sleep soundly at the right time.
How to make your baby fall asleep faster?
In order for a child to fall asleep well, he needs to play enough, actively move, get new emotions, but in moderation. Thirty minutes before sleep, the baby needs to be calmed down with a verse, a fairy tale, a song, a favorite toy, a light massage, and water treatments. Atrestless children can add herbal decoctions or safe essential oils to the water during the evening bath, and soothing tea during the day. This will have an effect!
The day regimen of a three-month-old breastfed baby can be completely subordinate to feeding. After applying to the breast, having satiated, the baby falls asleep very quickly and soundly. The fact is that breast milk contains hormones that calm the nervous system. But the baby wakes up just as quickly, because breast milk is absorbed faster and easier than formula.
A problem arises - the child begins to associate breasts and sleep, which causes a lot of trouble for parents. Therefore, you should try to separate sleep and feeding from the age of two months: for example, feed and put to bed in different rooms. But artificial people are helped to quickly calm down by a pacifier.
Very useful sleep in the open air. On a walk or on a balcony with open windows, babies fall asleep very well. But the baby must be well dressed. Soft classical (or any instrumental) music, sounds of nature, and some children prefer white noise.
Peculiar rituals will help to follow the regimen for a three-month-old child. A warm bath every day before bed or a favorite toy nearby can be a bedtime signal. And if the child sleeps restlessly, waves his arms and legs, wakes up from his own movements or is frightened by them, then it is better not to swaddle him tightly and be there duringfalling asleep.
Feeding babies and artificial babies
A breastfed newborn is breastfed as often as he asks. This is important for the formation of lactation in the mother, the sucking reflex in the baby, and maintaining his calmness. A more active growing baby is transferred to a diet.
A three-month-old baby needs to be supervised so that he is full, but does not get too much food. Excessive nutrition leads to allergic reactions, diathesis, and digestive problems. Many pediatricians believe that rashes in a child appear from the addition of a new product to the mother's diet. As a rule, reducing the number of feedings quickly helps to get rid of redness.
The amount of milk consumed by a three-month-old baby per day should be approximately 900 ml. The baby is applied to the breast at least six times a day, approximately every 3 hours. The daily routine of a three-month-old formula-fed baby is slightly different in the interval between meals. Pediatricians advise such babies to be fed six times with a break of four hours, because the digestion time of the adapted milk formula is slightly longer than mother's milk.
Babies need clean boiled water only in hot weather. It is better to drink the baby from a spoon so that he does not refuse the breast. In addition, a spoon-trained baby will have an easier time transitioning to solid foods.
When feeding with milk mixtures, water should be given to the baby from the first dayslife. You need to buy a special one, which is sold in pharmacies. At three months, you can add natural apple juice to the water (but not more than a teaspoon). The artificial person is offered liquid in a bottle between feedings. Typically, a three-month-old baby drinks 100 to 200 ml of water a day.
Restless babies or children who have digestive problems can be given special children's teas: soothing (chamomile) or improving the digestive system (fennel). Such teas are sold in pharmacies. There must be a corresponding mark on the package ("from the first days of life", for example).
Walking with a three-month-old baby
A three-month-old baby needs daily walks once or twice a day. It is better to walk in squares and green parks, where there are no harsh sounds, and the air is cleaner than near roads. Insufficient supply of oxygen to the blood leads to drowsiness, fatigue, pain.
The duration of walks depends on the weather and how the baby tolerates this part of the regimen. A three-month-old baby can walk at a temperature not lower than -15 degrees Celsius in winter and not higher than 40 degrees in summer. Not the best weather conditions for walking - strong wind and rain.
In the open air, the baby can not sleep, but look at birds, plants, people and houses. Emotional and inquisitive grown-up children tend to explore the world around them, so they need to be picked up more often and shown what could be of interest. Your baby may enjoy walking around in a sling or ergo in warm weather, but the device shouldbe safe and age appropriate.
If your child prefers to sleep while walking, find a quiet place. Babies have very sensitive hearing, so it's best to lower the visor of the stroller and move to a deserted place. The steady noise of cars in the distance will not harm, but loud laughter in playgrounds can wake up the baby. In the summer, when sleeping outside, be sure to use a mosquito net.
Features of wakefulness
The 3-month-old breastfed or formula-fed regimen has longer wake periods than before. The baby has not slept for about nine hours. During this period, parents spend the morning toilet and other hygiene procedures, play, massage and feed the baby several times.
Three-month-old baby is active for about 2-3 hours in a row. At this time, he studies the world around him, himself and his abilities through communication with his mother and relatives, movements of his arms and legs, examining everything that comes into his field of vision. The child responds to the actions of familiar people with lively facial expressions and cooing. The baby cries loudly or becomes anxious with strangers or if something bothers him.
A three-month-old baby reacts to the movement of objects and sounds by turning his head. Some babies may roll over on their side or on their tummy. In this position, the radius of objects available for study increases. Toddlers love to look at pens for a long time, moving their fingers, or watch toys hung oneye level, but within reach.
Rattles are of great interest to a child at this age. Very soon, the baby will understand the relationship between their own movements and the sounds that a rattle makes in their hand. Facial expressions also need training. Parents can make faces, and the child will try to repeat. Positive emotions will surely be caused by the game “cuckoo”.
As early as three months you can start reading fairy tales, looking at colorful pictures in books, exploring the world with the help of tactile sensations. Some parents show the baby simple educational cartoons. To ensure timely emotional and mental development, it is advisable to take the child in your arms more often, bring it to different things and name them.
Hygiene procedures and gymnastics
The mode of a three-month-old baby on artificial feeding or breastfeeding provides for hygiene procedures. The awakened baby is washed in the morning, the diaper is changed. The face is wiped with a sponge or a piece of cotton dipped in warm water. For each eye, you need to take a separate cotton pad. The eyes are wiped only with boiled water or a decoction of chamomile. Change the diaper every time the baby gets dirty. After washing, a special moisturizer or powder is applied to the skin under the diaper (depending on skin type).
Children are bathed most often in the evening, but if the procedure causes a lot of dissatisfaction or invigorates, then it is better to do it in the morning. Can be purchaseda special bath, stand or circle for bathing. Such devices will facilitate the procedure and allow the child to be in the water without the help of parents. But you should never leave the baby unattended when he bathes.
With soap, the baby is bathed twice a week, it is enough to wash the head once. A tired and capricious baby can not be bathed at all, but reschedule the procedure the next day or later. It is useful to add decoctions of medicinal herbs to the bath water: chamomile, calendula, string, plantain, sage. Lavender, pine needles, or mint can help calm your baby before bed.
In the morning, gymnastics is carried out, and in case of pain in the abdomen - a special massage. Charging should take at least twenty minutes. Exercises consist of limb movements (flexion, extension), turning over on the tummy. The last exercise is important for strengthening the muscles of the neck, arms and back, which subsequently affects the ability of the crumbs to crawl. For the normal development of the hip joints, the baby is gently pushed apart and bend the knees.
Opinion of Dr. Komarovsky
For a three-month-old baby, the regime, according to a well-known pediatrician, is mandatory. A clear routine is usually perceived as something bad, a system of prohibitions and restrictions. Regime is not a biological need, but a mechanism that facilitates the performance of social functions. So, the pediatrician believes that the child needs to be adapted to the interests of the family so that his he alth does not suffer, and the parents remain happy.
Inverted mode. Solution
Some parents are faced with such a violation of the regimen of a three-month-old baby - during the day the baby sleeps soundly, and at night begins to wake up. In this case, the local pediatrician will prescribe a soothing decoction, and parents need to try to establish the correct routine. The cause of the problem should be established. The baby may not be allowed to sleep peacefully at night with intestinal colic, pain, high fever. In this case, you need to consult a pediatrician. During the day, you need to wake up the baby (this is contrary to accepted moral principles, but will help establish the correct routine), and in the evening, engage in calm games so as not to overexcite the nervous system.
How to keep a routine?
The regimen of a three-month-old baby on mixed feeding, breastfeeding or artificial can be established by itself. Then parents need to analyze the natural routine of the baby and stick to it in the future, if it suits the whole family. If the child sleeps every day, wakes up and eats at different times, you need to set the mode.
During the day, it is desirable to organize activities so that the baby spends time actively. The issue of adherence to the regime is especially strictly observed in the schedule of sleep and wakefulness. If the baby sleeps during the day more than the allotted time, you should gently wake him up. During night awakenings, you do not need to turn on the light, talk loudly. Parents should make it clear to the baby that you need to sleep at this time of day. Last feeding ideallyshould be at 23:00 or 00:00 so that the child does not wake up in the morning from hunger.
When the baby begins to grow up, the question arises about the introduction of complementary foods. This is especially true for those babies who are bottle-fed. After all, such nutrition is similar in composition to breast milk, but it is not capable of completely replacing it. And the baby needs to diversify the menu to provide the body with nutrients
Time passes, and there comes a moment when the milk is not enough for the baby. The newborn is not too mobile - he constantly lies and most of the time is immersed in sleep. He spends few calories, so milk is perfectly enough to give the most intensive weight gain for the infant period. This continues for up to six months. By 6 months, the activity of the baby noticeably increases
Thanks to the achievements of the modern food industry, parents have ample opportunities in choosing artificial milk formula. But whatever mixture is chosen, mixed feeding of the baby should not be organized spontaneously, but systematically, in compliance with medical recommendations
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