2023 Author: Priscilla Miln | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-11-26 06:25
He althy lifestyle (HLS) at preschool age is one of the main components of the normal functioning of the child's body. Compliance with the rules and regulations for maintaining he alth also has an impact on the mental state and development of the child.
The introduction of a he althy lifestyle in kindergarten is the main task of all members of the educational process. However, few people know how to properly instill in children a positive attitude towards he alth preservation and promotion procedures. Let's figure it out together.
He althy environment in the kindergarten
Conditions of life in modern society impose increased requirements on the state of he alth of preschool children, which, unfortunately, not all children can comply with. The increased birth rate of children with psychophysical disabilities is another reason for the introduction of he althy lifestyles among the masses of the population.
Kindergarten is the place where a child, starting from the age of 3, spends most of his time. That is why it is necessary to pay extremely increased attention to introducing children to a he althy lifestyle in kindergarten. To do this, here must be created, inFirst of all, an appropriate he alth environment. Includes:
- well equipped gym;
- music hall;
- Showers for tempering;
- physiotherapy room;
- presence of a sports zone in group rooms;
- garden plot adapted for outdoor games;
- food block that meets all sanitary and hygienic standards.
Techniques for the development of a he althy lifestyle in kindergarten
- Air baths. The main regime moment in the preschool educational institution is a walk in the fresh air. This is the most common way to improve the he alth of children. A walk can be combined with outdoor games, gymnastics and even hardening.
- Rational nutrition. Children's food should contain vitamins and minerals necessary for the normal growth and development of children. Nutrition should also be balanced, i.e. contain proteins, fats and carbohydrates. Also an important role is played by the time of eating, which should be uniform and the same every day.
- Personal hygiene. Children must be taught to perform all hygiene practices even without reminders from their parents.
- Hardening. It is necessary to correctly and smoothly begin to harden children not only with water procedures, but also with air ones.
- Daily routine. This method disciplines children well, and their life acquires a certain rhythm. In a properly organized mode, all types of children's activities are optimally combined.
Project plans for the implementation of he althy lifestyles
For organizedsystematic work on instilling a he althy lifestyle in children, educators have developed all kinds of classes. These classes are provided for by calendar-thematic and long-term plans, which are approved by the head of the institution. All these class notes are collected into large-scale projects on he althy lifestyles in kindergarten, which can be implemented from a week to a month. The names of these projects can be very diverse. For example: "Let's say he alth - YES!", "Week of he alth", "We are friends with sports", "Healing water", "Where he alth is hidden", "Sportlandia", "Be he althy!" and others. Despite the variety of names, all projects on he althy lifestyles in kindergarten are aimed at forming in children of all ages the right attitude towards their own he alth and the he alth of others, preventing the emergence of harmful and instilling good habits, and expanding knowledge about a he althy lifestyle.
Forms of implementation of the he althy lifestyle program
The most common form of implementing a he althy lifestyle educational program in kindergarten is classes. With their help, children convey information about a he althy lifestyle and how to lead it. Undoubtedly, it is necessary to instill the rules of personal hygiene and form a correct idea of he alth from the earliest years. However, the most informative classes on he althy lifestyles in the middle group of kindergarten. This is exactly the age when children still do not know a lot, but they have basic he alth skills. Further, this knowledge needs to be updated and supplemented as it develops.and growing up children.
In kindergarten, he althy lifestyle classes have a clear structure and sequence of stages. In addition, certain goals and objectives should be implemented in the course of the lesson, in this case, the development of a he althy lifestyle in children.
He alth clubs in kindergarten
For parents who believe that during the educational program their children receive insufficient he alth improvement in kindergartens, additional physical education, gymnastic or he alth clubs are created. The main direction of sports circles is the formation of a positive attitude towards sports and physical activity in children. Classes in such circles contribute to the development of physical abilities, perseverance and self-confidence. Wellness circles are aimed at restoring strength or eliminating any physical ailments, i.e. have a kind of corrective focus.
He althy lifestyle in the game
Play is the most acceptable way of teaching children at preschool age, as it is their leading activity. Each he althy lifestyle game in kindergarten has a specific focus. It is impossible to develop all the components of physical he alth in a child with the help of one lesson. Therefore, often, at least 2-3 games are used, which should be aimed at the formation of various components of a he althy lifestyle. For example:
The Dangerous-Safe Game
Purpose of the game: to teach children to distinguish between dangerous and safe activities and zones.
Game progress: the playing field is divided intotwo zones - red and yellow, which corresponds to the dangerous and safe zone. Children freely walk around the playing field until the teacher names any action that the children need to mentally attribute to dangerous or safe, and move to a zone on the field defined by color. Action examples:
- boy playing on the roadway;
- girl runs across the road right in front of the car;
- children play in the sandbox;
- boy used someone else's comb;
- girl used someone else's handkerchief;
- children left the playground without asking, etc.
2. Game "Personal hygiene"
The purpose of the game: to educate children in the right habits, to consolidate knowledge of personal hygiene.
The course of the game: the children become in a circle, in the center is the leader, who plays the role of an arrow. The driver spins around its axis until the teacher says "Stop!". The one whom the "arrow" points to must answer without words, with pantomime, the teacher's question. Sample questions:
- what do you do when you wake up in the morning;
- how to wash your face;
- how to brush your teeth properly;
- how to comb your hair;
- how do you do morning exercises etc.
For older children, the task needs to be complicated: the children do not answer the teacher's question, but show these regime moments themselves, and the rest must guess which procedure the child shows.
3. Game "Vitaminka"
Purpose of the game: to introduce children to vitaminsand expand your knowledge of where vitamins are.
Game progress: children are divided into two teams. The player from the first team shows a picture with the image of a vitamin, the children from the other team in response show pictures of vegetables and fruits that contain the vitamin. Next, the player from the second team shows a vegetable or fruit, and the players from the first team show what vitamins are contained in this product.
Counseling parents on he althy lifestyles
Despite the fact that children spend most of their time in kindergarten, many regime moments that must be observed and that are the basis of a he althy lifestyle, children do at home. Accordingly, it is necessary to educate the parents of preschoolers to create continuity between the family and kindergarten in resolving issues of instilling a he althy lifestyle in children.
Consultations on he althy lifestyles in kindergarten are mainly held at parent meetings, which can be scheduled or unscheduled, dedicated to a specific topic. The topics of consultations should be varied and cover pressing issues. When implementing the he althy lifestyle project plans described above, consultations are usually provided directly in the plan, at least 2-3 times for the entire project.
Information for Parents
Not all parents have the opportunity to attend parent meetings, especially when they are unscheduled. For such situations, instructions on he althy lifestyles in kindergarten are provided. They are located mainly in the hallways of the groups. The notes are prepared by the teacher. Their appearance can be completely different, but mostsliding folders are common. The main condition for such memos is colorful and informative, in order, firstly, to attract the attention of parents, and secondly, to give the most complete information on the issue of he althy lifestyle, which parents can apply at home.
Also popular are leaflet memos, which are also prepared by the teacher and distributed to parents. In this case, parents have the opportunity to read the information at home, in a more comfortable environment.
Advice to parents
- Parents should always remember that their children are their reflection. How parents relate to their he alth and whether they follow a he althy lifestyle is reflected in children. Children cannot be required to comply with he althy lifestyle rules if parents do not follow them themselves.
- Spend more time with your kids. An active holiday with the whole family is the best way to spend your leisure time.
- Learn to deal with your stress. Mental balance is an important component of a he althy lifestyle. You don't need to transfer your problems to your children. Instead, show them how to deal with it.
- Don't let children watch TV for a long time. Hygiene of vision also applies to a he althy lifestyle and must be observed.
- Give your child to the section. This will help them release anger and excess energy, improve their he alth and develop volitional regulation.
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