What is amniotic fluid leakage? This phenomenon during pregnancy indicates the presence of violations of the integrity of the fetal bladder. Many pregnant women do not have information on how to determine the leakage of water. While others often mistake it for the most common vaginal discharge. Amniotic fluid (amniotic fluid) is nothing more than the habitat of the fetus during the entire period of pregnancy. The fetal bladder acts as a kind of vessel in which amniotic fluid is located. Throughout the entire period of bearing a baby, their volume gradually increases and only in the last weeks of pregnancy it may decrease slightly. According to average statistics, the volume of water is approximately one and a half liters.
What is the role of amniotic fluid? They not only protect the fetus from the harmful effects of external factors, but also contribute to the correct, and most importantly, the full development of the fetus. At the same time, the embryo can move freely in the uterine cavity, which ensures proper development. That is why it is important to determine the leakage of water inthe beginning of the process. Also, the fetal bladder and the liquid in it are some kind of barrier that reliably protects against infection and microbes from penetrating the fetus.
How to detect amniotic fluid leakage using diagnostic methods?
1. Amnioscopy is a procedure that involves examining the lower pole of both the amniotic sac and the egg. This type of examination is carried out by a qualified specialist using a device specially designed for this purpose.
2. The smear test for leakage is the most popular and frequently used diagnostic method. The doctor takes a swab from the vagina for analysis and applies it to the glass, after which it dries. If there are traces of amniotic fluid in the discharge, then the dried trace will resemble fern leaves.
How to detect amniotic fluid leakage at home?
1. A special test strip will help identify the problem in the home. Its principle of operation is identical to that of a conventional pregnancy test.
2. Litmus papers and test pads. Vaginal secretions are acidic, while amniotic fluid is neutral. As acidity changes, litmus paper changes color.
How to identify amniotic fluid leakage yourself?
Empty your bladder completely, then wash your vulva thoroughly. Fold a clean cotton diaper in several layers and use as a pad. If it becomes wet after a couple of hours, this indicates water leakage.
A few lines in closing
Now it is clear how to determine the leakage of amniotic fluid. Remember that this threatens with unpleasant, and sometimes fatal consequences for the fetus. The most common complications are: infection of the fetus in the womb, premature birth, weakness of labor activity. That is why early detection of amniotic fluid leakage is very important to save the life of the baby, and sometimes the mother. It is worth considering that premature outflow of water in terms of full-term pregnancy is a good sign.