Congratulations on Easter Day are heard on various occasions in various religious concessions and countries. In Judaism, Passover (Passover) is celebrated in connection with the exodus of the Jews from Egypt and their liberation from slavery. And Christians associate this holiday with the resurrection of Jesus Christ. And in this case, the word "Easter" is believed to have come from the Greek word "pascein", which means "to suffer."
The date of Easter for Orthodox holidays is set as the first Sunday after the 1st new moon, which took place after the equinox in the spring (March 21). It is indicated in Paschal - special tables for determining this date. At the same time, there are different Easter holidays for the Catholic and Orthodox churches, which is due to the fact that the Gregorian calendar is taken for the Catholic calculus, and the Julian calendar for the Orthodox. Passover is celebrated during a week in the month of March, which corresponds to the biblical indication that the celebration begins on the fourteenth day of the month of Nisan.
Easter dishes also differ for the holidays of different nations. It is customary among Jews when performing religious rites not to use any products containing leaven, and even to own them. The celebration involves matzah, bitter herbs, wine or grape juice, as well as a symbolic fried chicken or lamb leg, which is not eaten. She symbolically represents the sacrificial lamb.
In the Orthodox tradition, colored eggs, curd Easter and Easter cake are prepared for the Easter holiday. Kulich is a symbol of the presence of God in human life and throughout the world, and Easter is a prototype of the Kingdom of Heaven, the sweetness of heavenly life.
Easter service in Orthodox traditions begins at midnight local time between Great Saturday and Great Sunday with the service of the Paschal Matins and, sometimes, the Easter Liturgy. Services end with a procession. After the service, the fast breaks - you can eat not only lenten food. Believers light up Easter foods in the temple. Easter festivities last for 40 days after Easter, including during the Bright Easter week.
In the Catholic Church, the Easter service has a slightly different schedule. Here there is an Easter triduum - services of Maundy Thursday, Good Friday and Great Saturday. On Sunday night, the Liturgy of Light is served. It is interesting that a large Paschal candle (Easter) is lit from a fire built in the courtyard of the temple. Easter is brought into the church with the reading "LightChrist." Further, the “Proclamation of Easter”, the Liturgy of the Word are read, the hymn “Gloria” is performed, as well as “Alleluia”. The Easter service in Catholic churches allows the rite of baptism of adults - the Liturgy of Baptism follows the Liturgy of the Word in the rite.
The Passover service in the Jewish tradition includes an evening meal (Seder), when the story of the Exodus is read on the first and second days of Passover, based on the book of Haggadah. The Song of Songs is read in synagogues. On the seventh day of the holiday, which symbolizes the final liberation, synagogues and religious schools celebrate the “parting of the waters.”