2023 Author: Priscilla Miln | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-11-26 06:25
The average child gets cranky and restless from teething. This is due to painful growth of bone tissue and damage to the gums. This period is remembered by almost every parent, since at this time the child needs much more care and attention. In isolated cases, this process proceeds easily and asymptomatically. However, each parent should know how teeth erupt (a photo of swollen gums is presented below) in order to take timely measures aimed at improving the well-being of the baby.
According to numerous reviews, the first signs of bone tissue growth are similar to the clinical manifestations of colds. Despite the fact that teething is a normal physiological process, it gives babies a number of uncomfortable sensations.
Parents needBe patient with changes in your child's behavior. It is important to understand that the baby is suffering from pain. Parents need to help him get rid of discomfort, and not scream at his child because of frequent tears and whims.
The severity of symptoms directly depends on the individual characteristics of the he alth of each child. Some parents do not even notice how their baby's teeth are erupting. Others do not sleep at night and every hour treat the gums of the crumbs with topical painkillers.
The following are the main symptoms of bone growth, by studying which each parent will be able to determine whether his baby is teething:
Edema. The gums swell strongly, you can see it with the naked eye. The tubercle is also easily palpated. Before teeth erupt in infants (a photo of the first incisors is presented below), a small hematoma often forms at the growth site. It has a blue color due to the accumulation of blood. This condition is not pathological, it is considered a variant of the norm. In most cases, the hematoma resolves on its own immediately after the tooth erupts. Even with the addition of a secondary infection, the formed abscess disappears in a fairly short period of time. However, if this does not happen and the baby has a high body temperature, it is necessary to show the child to a pediatric dentist
- Excessive salivation. It begins long before the teeth erupt in babies (a photo of excessive secretion is presented below). salivaa lot is produced. At the same time, its release in large quantities occurs during the eruption of both the first teeth and, for example, canines.
- Severe itching of the gums. The tissues itch so much that the child tries to stop the discomfort in any way. In order to get rid of itching, the baby gnaws on almost any object that comes in his way.
- Appetite disorders. Some children refuse to eat at all during teething. The average child's appetite decreases and taste preferences change.
- Capriciousness, increased degree of irritability. Changes in behavior are due to the presence of painful sensations. In addition, against the background of excessive salivation, a rash often appears on the skin of a child, which also causes discomfort.
These are the main symptoms that indicate that the baby is teething. As practice shows, the following signs can be added to the above:
- Cough. Occurs against the background of excessive production of saliva. Babies cannot swallow it, this process is associated with certain difficulties. As a result, the secret accumulates in the throat. A natural consequence is the occurrence of a cough. With it, the child tries to clear the airways of accumulated saliva. For the same reason, some children develop a runny nose and wheezing. The first is associated with the ingress of saliva into the middle ear. Wheezing also appears due to the penetration of the secret into the nasopharynx.
- Diarrhea. Disorder of the stool is also a consequence of excessive salivation. bigthe amount of secretion enters the stomach with food. This organ in children is extremely sensitive, it immediately reacts painfully to saliva. A large amount of it dilutes the feces, and the bacteria contained in them become the cause of digestive disorders. If diarrhea persists for more than 72 hours, contact your pediatrician.
- Vomiting. Occurs in isolated cases. This condition is caused by the stomach rejecting too much saliva. Vomiting combined with diarrhea and fever is not due to teething. Parents should be aware that a combination of these conditions indicates the development of a viral infection.
The above symptoms may vary in intensity.
This is a separate topic with a lot of controversy. Some doctors argue that the natural physiological process is not associated with an increase in temperature. A greater number of doctors are sure that this condition is a variant of the norm during bone growth.
It is important to understand that elevated body temperature is a kind of response of the immune system to the inflammatory process in the gums. Bone structures damage tissues during growth; in some children, droplets of blood can be seen on the mucosa. In addition, the integrity of the gums is often violated even before the teeth erupt in infants. This is due to the fact that the child pulls various objects into his mouth, as a result of which the tissues are slightly damaged.earlier.
When teething, body temperature should not exceed 38.5 °C. It can be deviated from the norm within a few days. If a high temperature persists for a long time, it has nothing to do with the growth of milk teeth.
A baby's first teeth erupt at the age of 6 months. A few years ago, pediatricians were categorical on this issue. Doctors said that the appearance of two central incisors located on the lower jaw should occur exactly at 6 months.
Currently, pediatricians are not so categorical. This is due to the fact that more and more often in practice it happens that the first teeth erupt in children at 3, and at 8, and even at 10 months. Isolated cases of the appearance of central incisors at the age of 1.5 years have been recorded. However, this situation is not a variant of the norm, as it indicates a delay in physical development. If the first teeth did not appear at 10 months, it is necessary to contact a pediatric dentist. Initially, he will conduct a study, based on the results of which it will become clear whether the child has the beginnings of bone tissue in the gums.
Factors affecting timing
Both the first and subsequent teeth appear in children at different ages. This is due to the following factors:
- Genetic predisposition.
- Food features.
- Environmental conditions in the region of permanent residence.
- The quality and composition of drinking water.
- Various diseases.
Also,child care is important.
Bone growth occurs in a certain sequence. How teeth erupt in infants and older children:
- The very first to appear are the central incisors located on the lower jaw. As mentioned above, this can happen at 3 or 8 months. However, most often the first tooth erupts at 6 months.
- Then the upper central incisors appear. What time do teeth erupt? According to the average terms, they appear in 8-9 months.
- The upper lateral incisors begin to erupt next. As a rule, this process occurs between the ages of 9 and 11 months.
- Next in line are the lower lateral incisors. They begin to erupt between 11 and 13 months of age.
- Then, small molars can be seen on the gum surface. First they erupt on the upper jaw. This occurs between 12 and 15 months.
- Simultaneously with the upper ones, the lower small molars appear. Their eruption occurs at the same age.
- Upper fangs appear next. They can be seen in children between the ages of 16 and 18 months.
- The lower fangs grow after the upper ones. They can be seen as early as 18-20 months.
- Then the lower big molars appear. They erupt at 24-30 months.
- The upper large molars grow at the same time. They can also be seen in a child at 24-30 months.
This is a classic sequence. How teeth erupt in each individual child depends on individualcharacteristics of his he alth. This means that parents do not need to panic if the above sequence does not work for their baby.
Regarding how long teeth erupt, we can say that this is a very long period for which parents need to be patient. The eruption process is completed by about 3 years. At this time, 20 milk teeth can be counted in the child's oral cavity.
The loss of milk teeth begins at about 6-7 years. This period is marked by their change to permanent ones. This indicator is also purely individual. Wisdom teeth are the last to erupt. This usually occurs between the ages of 14 and 25.
How long does it take for one tooth to erupt?
The rate of bone tissue growth is individual and depends on many factors. However, almost every parent asks the pediatrician about how long the first tooth erupts, how long to wait for the incisors to appear. According to the average statistical data, from the time of gum swelling to the moment a dental unit appears on the surface of the tissue, it takes from 1 week to 2 months. No parent can influence how much a child's tooth erupts. The speed depends on the development and he alth characteristics of the baby.
Reviews indicate that in some cases the process of cutting the gums takes a long time. For some children this happens in 1 day, for others it takes 1 week.
If in the moutha child in a year and a half does not have a single tooth, you need to contact a pediatric dentist. This condition may be a symptom of adentia. This is a disease characterized by the absence of rudiments of teeth. Pathology can be either partial or complete.
The process of laying the rudiments of milk teeth occurs from the 7th week of pregnancy, permanent - on the 17th. Under the influence of various adverse factors, a failure may occur. Of particular importance is burdened heredity.
Congenital pathology can also be the result of disruption of the endocrine system, the progression of infectious diseases, hypothyroidism, ichthyosis.
Adentia is a pathology that is manifested not only by the absence of teeth. Other symptoms of the disease:
- Lack of sweating or, conversely, excessive secretion.
- Dry mucous membranes.
- Lack of eyelashes or eyebrows.
- Pale skin.
- Insufficient development of the nail plates.
- Non-fusion of the skull bones (fontanelles).
- Disorders of the nervous system.
The clinical manifestations of the disease are quite specific, and therefore it is enough for the doctor to confirm the diagnosis by examining the x-ray of the jaws.
Rickets can also be the cause of missing teeth. This is an ailment that develops in infants against the background of a lack of vitamin D in their body. The latter plays a major role in the absorption of calcium, which is so necessary for the full growth of bone structures.
How to alleviate the child's condition?
It is important to remember that the process of teething gives the baby a number of uncomfortable sensations. During this period, it is important to help him cope with them.
To do this, doctors recommend offering the child a teether as often as possible. This is a special device that can have any shape and size. Teethers can be made of plastic and rubber. All materials used are of the highest quality. Devices are filled with water or gel. They can be placed in the refrigerator. Reviews confirm: after the child nibbles on the chilled teether, he will feel a little better. This is due to the fact that low temperatures can temporarily stop the pain.
Another effective remedy is gum massage. It can be carried out using both a special nozzle on the finger and a gauze swab.
Any medicine should be prescribed by a pediatrician. It is important to be aware that potential allergens may be present in dental gels and anesthetic suspensions. In this regard, they can only be recommended by a specialist who is aware of the individual characteristics of the he alth of a small patient.
Currently, the pharmaceutical market sells many products designed to relieve pain during teething. It is recommended to give preference to dental gels. Assign "severeartillery" in the form of drops or suspension can only be a doctor on the basis of existing complaints.
List of the most effective gels for teething baby teeth:
- Kamistad Baby. The composition of the drug is represented by lidocaine hydrochloride and infusion of chamomile inflorescences. The gel has not only analgesic, but also anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial effects. Thanks to the lidocaine that is part of the remedy, it relieves discomfort in a short time. The analgesic effect lasts for several hours. Chamomile also has anti-inflammatory effects. In addition, it accelerates the healing process of the gums after eruption. The gel is contraindicated in children whose age is less than 3 months. The tool has no side effects when used correctly. In isolated cases, there is a burning sensation in the application area. It is necessary to treat swollen gums with gel three times a day.
- "Holisal". The second most popular drug. Its composition is represented by choline salicylate and cetalkonium chloride. The gel has the following properties: analgesic, antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory. The drug is not recommended for use in children under 12 months of age. If used incorrectly, an allergic reaction may develop. The gel can be used no more than 3 times in 24 hours.
- "Kalgel". This is a remedy that has analgesic, antibacterial and antifungal properties. The gel is allowed to be used in children from 5 months. The composition of the drug is represented by lidocaine and cetylpyridinium chloride. Improper use increases the risk of developingallergic reaction. The drug can be used up to 6 times a day.
According to the reviews of pediatric dentists, the Kamistad Baby gel has the highest degree of effectiveness. It is designed specifically for extremely painful teething. According to the reviews of parents, the drug really stops discomfort for a long time. After using it, the child can eat and sleep peacefully all night.
Teething is not only a long, but also a very painful process. A full set of milk teeth appears by about 3 years. Until that time, every few months, children are worried about the growth of bone structures. During these periods, it is necessary to give the child as much attention as possible, as he becomes capricious and irritable.
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