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ORU complex for the middle group: description, compilation of a set of exercises, rules for conducting, features of implementation and benefits

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ORU complex for the middle group: description, compilation of a set of exercises, rules for conducting, features of implementation and benefits
ORU complex for the middle group: description, compilation of a set of exercises, rules for conducting, features of implementation and benefits
Anonim

In kindergarten, much attention is paid to improving the he alth of young pupils. The physical development of babies is one of the central areas of this work. The age of 4-5 years is called the age of grace. Gymnastic exercises are easy for children, they have good coordination, their muscles are actively developing. A properly designed ORU complex for the middle group increases the body's performance, forms a beautiful posture, and creates a cheerful mood.

The benefits of general developmental exercises

First, let's understand the concepts. General developmental exercises (ORU) are understood as simple, accessible movements for those involved, which are performed for the purpose of warming up or improving he alth. In kindergarten, this is an integral part of the routine, reproduced from day to day.

ORU complexes for physical educationprovide:

  • discipline children;
  • create a good mood, raise the tone;
  • form the musculoskeletal system;
  • develop physical qualities (dexterity, flexibility, endurance, etc.);
  • teach coordination of movements, train balance;
  • activate physiological functions (respiration, cardiac activity, blood circulation);
  • develop both large and fine motor skills (during exercise with objects);
  • teach children to follow the instructions of adults, as well as quickly navigate in space.
swing your legs

Compilation of the complex

Physical classes in the middle group are held daily. In the summer it is recommended to take children outside. In cold seasons, a sports or choreographic hall is used. The teacher in one or two weeks changes the outdoor switchgear complexes.

Gymnastics always starts with an introductory part. The body prepares for subsequent loads (1-2 minutes). Water part includes:

  • combat exercises (turns to the sides and around), rebuilding (in circles or in several columns);
  • walking (one after the other or in pairs, on toes or on heels, with high knees, with different hand positions);
  • running (in a circle, bouncing, loose).

The ORU complex itself in the middle group according to the Federal State Educational Standard consists of 4-5 exercises, which are repeated by the children 5-6 times. First, the children knead the neck, shoulders and arms. This stage helps to straighten the spine, open the chestcell. Then exercises for the torso and back are performed. It can be all kinds of tilts, turns, rotation of the pelvis. At the end of the complex, exercises are done to strengthen the abdominals, leg muscles, and the arch of the foot.

The final part includes either running or jumping. Calm walking helps to restore the pulse and even breathing.

Building children

The teacher tries to create a joyful mood in the children when performing the outdoor switchgear complex. Morning exercises in the middle group are livelier if the teacher uses a variety of building methods.

formation in a circle

At this age, children can form in a circle. This is most appropriate if most of the exercises will be performed lying down or sitting. After all, babies still do not know how to keep the necessary distance.

However, formations in 3-4 links are gradually mastered, in a column of 2-3 people. An unexpected order arouses interest among pupils, attracts their attention. If items are involved in the set of ORU exercises, an adult can arrange them in the hall in a checkerboard or other order. Children are encouraged to choose their own seat next to the allowance.

Giving Items

The use of flags, balls, jump ropes, sultans, hoops, gymnastic sticks, ribbons, cubes, stuffed bags, rattles helps to diversify gymnastics. Before performing the ORU complex for the middle group with objects, the teacher lays out manuals on the floor, and the children take places next to them. Another option is also possible, when the children themselves takeitems.

Hoops and sticks are conveniently placed along the walls, several pieces in one place. Balls can lie on special shelves or inside hoops. Small items are placed on chairs. This arrangement gives the children the opportunity to quickly take the benefits and return them in an organized manner.

Teaching Methods

At the beginning of the year, the teacher directs the actions of the children in the same way as in the younger group. The exercise is demonstrated to an adult before it is performed. Explanations are tied to a familiar image (we wave our hands like birds). Then the children and the teacher make movements, and the calculation is not carried out.

children imitate animals

Gradually, the tasks become more difficult. The attention of children is drawn not to the emotional components (let's stretch like a kitten), but not to the execution technique (stand on tiptoe, keep your back straight, try to reach the ceiling with your palms). Of great importance is a competent, beautiful demonstration of the exercise being learned. All actions are immediately commented, the concepts of "left", "right" are actively introduced.

The outdoor switchgear complex for the middle group is carried out by children in concert, under the account. The teacher gives the command "Start!", makes 2-3 movements together with everyone, and then verbally directs the actions. If necessary, the count alternates with explanations ("bent, straightened, one or two"). You can turn on rhythmic music that will set the pace. The exercise ends on command. If the movement is well studied, you can get by with verbal instructions, without showing, or shift this task to one of thechildren.

ORU complexes for the middle group without objects

Children of the fifth year of life are actively mastering role-playing games. Charging is perceived by them with greater joy if it has a certain plot. Preschoolers go on a little adventure, transform into birds and bunnies, jump over puddles. At the same time, the imagination and the emotional sphere develop.

The following is a set of outdoor switchgear for the middle group without items, which can be carried out in the fall:

  1. "The trees are making noise." Spread your legs a little, raise your arms, take them to the right, then to the left. Accompany actions with the sound "sh-sh-sh-sh".
  2. "Migratory birds". Hands gently rise and fall through the sides.
  3. "Look how many leaves around!". Put your feet shoulder-width apart, hands on your waist. Turns to the sides.
  4. "Gathering apples". Reach up to pick up an imaginary fruit, then crouch down and put it in the basket.
  5. "Bunnies rejoice in the golden autumn." Rhythmic jumps on two legs, depict hare ears with hands.

In winter, another complex will be appropriate:

  1. "Catching snowflakes". The children stand with their hands down. On command, you need to raise them to the ceiling through the sides, make a clap, return to and. p.
  2. "Cold". Legs slightly apart, arms outstretched to the sides. Children slap their thighs.
  3. "Snowdrifts all around". Get on your knees, hands on your belt. Perform left and right turns.
  4. "I'm cold." Sit down, stretch your legs forward, handslead behind the back. On command, bend the legs at the knees, pull them to the chest with your hands and straighten them again.
  5. "Keep warm". Children jump on two legs, actively waving their arms.
girl reaching for her leg

Spring ORU complex for the middle group will help children turn into beautiful flowers. It includes the following exercises:

  1. "The flower is blooming". Put your legs apart, hands on your shoulders. Then raise them to an imaginary sun, move all your fingers.
  2. "The butterfly has arrived". I. p. - standing, hands freely lowered down. Bend forward, spread your arms out to the sides like wings.
  3. "A breeze blew." Children put their hands on their belts, bend to the sides.
  4. "Flowers are growing". I. p. - squat down. On command, stand up, stretch up.
  5. "It's raining". Rapid bounces ("downpour") that gradually slow down.

The kids really like to incarnate in various animals. To do this, all together you can go to the village:

  1. "Cow". Stand up straight. Inhale the air while raising your shoulders. With an exhalation, stretch out: "mu-u-u".
  2. "Cat". Get on all fours, round your back, lower your head, say: "shhhh." Then arch your back, look up and meow.
  3. "Pig rolls in the mud." Lie on your back, stretch your arms behind your head. Roll onto your stomach and back.
  4. "Dog". Squat, spreading your knees to the sides and putting your handsin front of you on the floor.
  5. "Horse". Perform jumps, accompanying them with a clatter.

Complexes with the ball

The use of bright objects increases the interest of kids in physical education. The ball is the most common projectile that is available in all kindergartens. That is why it is often used when conducting outdoor switchgear complexes for the middle group with objects.

Here's what a fun exercise with a "Kolobok" ball might look like:

  1. "Grandma is looking for flour." Head turns left and right, ball behind.
  2. "Knead the dough". Put the ball on the floor. Bend towards it, showing with your hands how the dough is kneaded.
  3. "They baked a gingerbread man". The children hold the ball in their outstretched hands. Torso rotations are performed.
  4. "Kolobok is running away". Children roll the ball in a circle, first with the right and then with the left foot.
  5. "We caught a bun." The kids hold the ball between their knees and perform jumps.
boy with a ball

With the same item, you can go on a journey through an imaginary jungle. The corresponding complex includes the following exercises:

  1. "Hide the coconut." Children stand holding the ball in their hands. By the count, they raise their hands, put the ball behind their heads, stretch up again, and finally return to the sp
  2. "The monkey swings on the liana". The children raise their hands with the ball, tilting them to the left and right.
  3. "The monkey collects coconuts." Press the ball to your chest, sit down, lower it to the floor,rise to your feet. Then do a squat again, picking up the ball and returning to and. p.
  4. "Monkey drinks coconut milk". The child lies on his stomach, holding the ball in outstretched arms in front of him. On command, they lift the projectile up, tearing their chest off the floor and bending in the back.
  5. "The monkey is playing." Sit down, put your hands on the floor from behind. Pinch the ball between the feet. Bending your knees, pull it up to your chest.

Complexes using a gymnastic stick

This projectile is new to children, so they need to be taught proper grips. The gymnastic stick can be held horizontally by grasping its middle. To point her "nose" down, it is enough to straighten the index finger. Also, the stick can be placed on the shoulder, propping up the hand from below.

Below is the outdoor switchgear complex for children of the middle group "Frog":

  1. "The frog stretches." Children stand holding a stick in their hands. At the command of the teacher, they lift it up, with their eyes they find an imaginary "sun".
  2. "The frog looks back." The stick is slung over the shoulders. Children turn to the sides.
  3. "Catching mosquitoes". The children stand holding a stick in the chest area. On command, you need to bend down, touch the projectile to your legs and say "am". Then return to SP
  4. "Hide from the heron". Children are standing, hands with a stick are lowered. You need to sit down, stretching your arms forward, then rise.
  5. "The frog is happy." Stick jumping with turns.

The kids will also like the Airplane Flight complex. It includes the following exercises:

  • "Let's start the engine". The stick is held vertically in the right hand. Children draw large circles in front of them, saying "d-d-d". Then the hands change.
  • "Disperse the clouds". The children take a stick in both hands, stretch it out in front of them and perform turns from side to side.
  • "Looking down". The child puts the stick on the floor with one end, holding on to the other. Intercepting the projectile with his hands, he moves to the very floor for a count of up to 4. Then the reverse movement is made.
  • "Saw a boat." Children lie on their backs, legs tucked up to their chests, a stick under their knees. Rocking back and forth, imitating the movements of a floating boat.
  • "The plane is gaining altitude." Children jump up, raising a stick over their heads.

ORU complex with a skipping rope in the middle group

In kindergarten, children are introduced to the jump rope at the age of three. Toddlers try to jump over or step over a projectile held by adults. In the middle group, children are taught to independently rotate the rope and jump through it in any convenient way.

jumping rope

An unusual scenario of the outdoor switchgear complex will help make learning interesting. In the middle group with a jump rope, you can play bunnies. To do this, offer the children the following exercises:

  • "Bunnies examines the jump rope." Fold the projectile in four, hold in front of you. Armslift forward, then to the ceiling, again forward and down. We follow the movement with our eyes.
  • "The hares are pulling the rope." Children hold a projectile in front of their chest. First, the right arm is straightened to the right, while the left is bent. Then the movement is performed in the other direction.
  • "The rope fell." Children hold the projectile in their hands extended forward. On command, they lean down, put the rope on the floor, straighten up. Then they bend again as low as possible to the floor, raise the projectile, return to and. p.
  • "The bunnies are rocking". The children sit on the floor, legs straight. The rope must be folded in half, hooked on the feet and pulled. Rocking from side to side is performed.
  • "The bunnies are jumping". Children try to spin the rope and jump over it at first at a slow pace, and then faster.

Complex with cubes

Preschoolers are happy to engage in role-playing games. Give the kids 2 cubes for the next morning exercise. The outdoor switchgear complex "Builders" is described in detail below:

  • "Building a skyscraper". Children stand straight, hands with cubes freely lowered. On command, they raise them above their heads, hit the cube with the cube and lower them again.
  • "Drive in the nail". I. p. the same. The children spread their arms to the sides as wide as possible, and then connect in front of the chest, knocking the cube against the cube.
  • "Brickwork". Children bend down to the floor, build a tower of blocks, then straighten up. Repeating the exercise, you need to lift objects, stand up straight, stretchinghands in front of you.
  • "Fixing the floor". Children do squats. They squat down and bang the cubes on the floor.
  • "Builders are warming up." Jumping around the cubes in different directions.
hoop tunnel

Complex with a hoop

This item is new to the middle group and therefore attractive. With it, you can play drivers by doing the following exercises:

  • "Get in the car." The child stands inside the hoop, holding it in lowered hands. On command, the projectile is raised above the head, then lowered.
  • "Steering wheel". The hoop is held in outstretched hands, twisting movements are performed to the left and right.
  • "Bumps". Sit in a Turkish hoop, join your hands behind your back. Perform side bends.
  • "Let's get out of the car." The hoop is placed on the floor. The child holds it from above with one hand. You need to sit down and go through the projectile first in one direction and then in the other direction.
  • "Legs are tired". Jumping sideways from the hoop in different directions, which alternate with walking inside the projectile.

ORU complexes for the middle group should not only strengthen the muscles and he alth of the children, but also cheer up. This is how love for physical education is brought up, the desire to lead an active lifestyle. All this will be useful to children already in adulthood.

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