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The first days in kindergarten: how to help your child adapt

The first days in kindergarten: how to help your child adapt
The first days in kindergarten: how to help your child adapt
Anonim

According to the legislation of Russia, the age of children at which it is already possible to stop being completely dependent on their mother and become pupils of a kindergarten is 1.5 years. It is up to this point that parents receive benefits for caring for their baby. Many psychologists of the old school also argue that this is the most optimal time for children to get used to kindergarten, citing the lack of awareness in a child of this age where he is better, so that the first days in kindergarten are less painful. But often the baby can hardly adapt to a new environment.

first days in kindergarten

Why difficulties arise during the period of getting used to kindergarten

However, it often happens that for the first time a child comes to kindergarten at 4 years old, or even at 5 years old. A long queue for a place in a municipal children's institution, the mother's ability to be on parental leave until the baby is 3 years old, helper grandmothers - all this plays a role. And by this time, the foundations of critical thinking are already being formed in the baby, he asks questions: “Why am I being taken there? Why should I leave my mother? Why should I obey someone else's aunt?" This complicates his adaptation in the first days in kindergarten.However, you can always find a way to prepare the ground as carefully as possible so that children get used to a new life painlessly. When the decision to send the baby to kindergarten has already been made, at first it is not he who worries, but the parents. After all, they understand perfectly well: if before the child spent all his time with his mother, in a mode that was convenient for both of them, now he will have to get used to a completely new environment, new food, new requirements, which makes huge changes in his life. No matter how the parents prepare for this moment, accustoming the baby to a regime close to the kindergarten, changing the menu and conducting training sessions, it is impossible to recreate the conditions of a preschool institution in your home. What to do so that these changes do not become the strongest stress for the baby? After all, the hatred that arose in the first days in kindergarten will determine the child's attitude towards being in institutions for children for months, if not for years to come.

kindergarten reviews

Psychological attitudes for a child

As evidenced by reviews of kindergartens from parents, a lot depends on the teacher who will replace them for the whole day five days a week. Therefore, if possible, it is better to get acquainted in advance with the teachers of the group in which the baby was enrolled. You should not leave the child in the kindergarten, like a thing, in a hurry to leave as soon as possible - this will cause him a shock and further protest, which will be difficult to overcome. It is important for the kid to feel safe and be sure that he was not abandoned there. It is necessary to mentally prepare him with stories about where hego what awaits him there. Usually children want to connect with their peers, so such a conversation can be an incentive to want to get there.

kindergarten at 4 years old

In the first days in kindergarten, it is better to leave the child only until lunch: he will be able to communicate with other children, play with new toys for him, but will not have time to miss mom and dad. In some kindergartens, it is allowed for parents to sit in the field of view of the baby for several days. So he will perceive such a trip to the kindergarten as a regular walk with his mother - this is also an alternative option for a more successful adaptation of the crumbs.

The first days in kindergarten the child is still captured by new opportunities, new friends, and if the parents correctly and calmly help him get comfortable, then every morning will not start with a spoiled mood for both him and adults.

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